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  • UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA

    MILKFISH CONSUMPTION IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

    EDY YUSUF ANGUNGGUNANTO

    FEP 1988 8

  • It is hereby certified that we have read this thesis entitled 'Milkfish Consumption in Central Java, Indonesia' by Edy Yusuf Agunggunantot and in our opinion it is satisfactory in terms of the scope, quality, and presentation as partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science

    . . . . :. ::!Jf:. '-:'.' ..... SULAIMAN HJ. MOHO. YASSIN, Ph.D.

    Professor/Dean of Graduate Studies Universiti Pertanian Malaysia (Chairman Board of Examiners)

    JAH At P D. sociate Profess

    Faculty of Economics and Administration University of Malaya

    (External Examiner)

  • This thesis was submitted to the Senate of Universiti Pertanian Malaysia and was accepted as partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Science .

    Date: . . tf-:-s. SULAlMAN M. YASSIN, Ph. D. Professor and Dean of Graduate Studies

  • MILKFISH OONSUMPTION IN CENlRAL JAVA,

    INOONFSIA

    by EDY YUSUF

    Faculty of Eooncmics arrl Management Uni versiti Pertanian Malaysia.

    April, 1 988.

  • MILKFISH OONSUMPTIOO IN CENlRAL JAVA,

    INOONESIA

    by

    EDY YUSUF AGUNGGUNAN'ID

    A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science

    in the Faculty of Econcxnics and Management Universiti Pertanian Malaysia .

    April , 1 988

  • Dejicated to

    my parents, Gunawan Asyhari and Suriah my sister and brothers and Sofwin Hardiati

  • A

    Praise be to the Almighty Allah. Had it not been His will

    the completion of this study would have not been possible .

    The author wishes to express his deepest appreciation to his

    supervisor, Professor Dr. Mohd. Ariff Hussein, Dean of the

    Faculty of Econcmics and Management, and his co-supervisor Mr. K.

    Kuperan for their guidance and comments on the various draft of

    this thesis .

    Thanks are extended to Drs . Wiratno and Drs . Basuki Suwardo

    for their useful comments on the questionnaire used for the

    study. The author is also grateful to Racana Diponegoro of UNDIP

    for the help in the data collection.

    The deepest appreciation goes to the author's parents for

    their sup!;X)rt and encouragements during the author's study at

    this University.

    The author is also very grateful to International

    Developnent Research Centre (IDRe) for the provision of a two

    year scholarship which enabled the author to study at Universiti

    Pertanian Malaysia .

    Finally, sincere thanks are extended to all others not

    mentioned here for their sup!;X)rt in one way or another that

    made this study !;X)ssible .

    iii

  • TABLE OF cntrENl'S

    PAGE

    A iii

    TABLE OF cntrENl'S .......................... . .. . ........... iv

    LIST OF TABLES .... . ........................... . ........... viii

    LIST OF FIGURES ........ . .............. . ....... . ..... . .... . xi ............................. . ................... xii

    CHAPl'ER 1 oo 1

    BACKGR.OOND 1

    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 8

    IMPORTANCE OF THE STUDY . . . ... . .. . . . ..... . ..... . ........... 9 OPJECl'IVE OF THE S'IUDY ........................ . ........... 10 ORGANISATION OF THE THESIS . " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    CHAP1'ER 2 REVIEW 12

    FAcroRS AFFECl'ING OONSUMPTION AND DEMAND roR FISH 1 2

    STUDIES ON DEMAND roR FISH IN INOONESIA 1 4

    SOME SELEcrED S'IUDIES ON FISH DEMAND IN OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD 18

    Non-empirical Studies on Fish Consumption 18 Empirical Studies on Demand for Fish . .. . . . . . .... . . . ... 21

    CHAPl'ER 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 29

    MODEL SPECIFICATION 36

    iv

  • IC PROBLEMS

    OONCEPl'S AND DEFINITIONS ....... . .. . . .................. . ... Fresh Milkfish Pindang Milkfish Presto Milkfish ....... . . ............. . ................ . Urban, Surban and Rural Area Households . ....... . .... . ............ ... . . . . .. . . . . ... . . . Price of Milkfish Price of Meat QlJa.ntity J:)errar'rlec1 Income of Households ................ ........ . .. . ...... .

    DATA COLLECTION

    SAMPLING PROCEDURE . .. . ....... . .... . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . ... . .. . . .

    PAGE

    39

    40

    40 41 41 41 42 42 42 43 43

    43

    44

    LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    CHAP1'ER 4 CONSUMER OIARACrEru:STICS ....... . ... . . . .. . .. . . . 47 .R.ESENI' PR.OFnE . 47

    HOUSEHOID PROFILE ........ . ... .. . .. . ...... . . . . .. . . ......... HOUSEHOLD INCOMES AND MEALS EXPENDITURES . . . . .... . ... . . . .. .

    CHAPrER 5 CONSUMERS PREFERENCE

    MILKFISH PURCHASING PRACTICES AND ATTITUDES . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . ... ... . . . .. ..... . . .. . . .. .. .. .

    Frequency of Consumption of Milkfish ....... ....... . . . ..... . . ..... . . . . .... . ..

    Type of milkfish bought Sources of milkfish Reasons for milkfish purchase Frequency of milkfish purchase Quantity of milkfish purchasec1 .... . .... . .... . . . . . . . .

    v

    56

    64

    69

    69

    69

    71 71 74 78 82

  • RELATIVE DESIRABILITY AND PREFERENCE FOR MTI.J

  • CHAPrER 7 c:x:N:UJSION AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS

    mra.A.JSlOO

    POLICY IMPLICATIONS ........................................ Su:;GESTIONS FOR FU1'URE ...............................

    BIBLIo:;RAPHY ..... . .........................................

    APPENDICES ............................................... . .

    vii

    PAGE

    1 1 7

    1 1 7

    1 21

    1 23

    1 24

    1 27

  • LIST OF TABLE

    TABLE

    1 Fish Production in Indonesia, 1984

    2 Pond Size Distribution for Households Culturing Milkfish in central Java,

    PAGE

    2

    Indonesia 4

    3 Production of Milkfish in central Java, Indonesia, 1975 - 1985 5

    4 Income Elasticity of Demand For Fish in Indonesia 16

    5 Elasticity of Demand For Salted Fish in East Java, Indonesia 17

    6 Expenditures on Fish and Other Meats

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

    14

    15

    Per Wee.k. 20

    Distribution of Sample Areas

    Religion of Respondents by Area of Study

    Age of Respondents

    Occupation of Respondents by Area of Study

    Secondary OCcupations of Respondents

    Level of Education of Respondents

    Size of Household of Respondents

    Sex of Member of Households of Respondents

    Age of Member of Households

    45

    48

    50

    52

    54

    55

    57

    58

    59

    16 Relationship Member of Household With

    17

    18

    19

    Respondents 61

    Occupation of Members of Holds Education of Members of Households

    Income of Households

    viii

    62

    63

    64

  • TABLE

    20

    21

    22

    23

    24

    25

    Sources of Incane of " Households

    The Range of Source of Household I s Inccme And Percentages of Total Household IS Incane By Inccme So-urces

    Meals Expenditure of Resp:>ndents Per Month

    Range of Milkfish Expenditure Per Month

    Frequency of Consumption of Milkfish in The Last Three Month .

    Type of Milkfish Bought

    PAGE

    65

    66

    67

    68

    70

    72

    26 Sources of Fresh Milkfish by Area and Income Classes 73

    27 Sources of Pindang Milkfish by Area and

    28

    29

    30

    31

    Incane Classes 75

    The Reasons for Fresh Milkfish Purchase 76

    The Reasons for Presto Milkfish Purchase ........ 77 Frequency of Fresh Milkfish Purchase Per Month 79

    Frequency of Pindang Milkfish Pu