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    United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

    Study Guide

     

       

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    © London International Model United Nations 2015   LIMUN | Charity No. 1096197 www.limun.org.uk  

     

    Table  of  Contents  

      Welcome  Letters  ..........................................................................................................................................  1   Introduction  to  the  United  Nations  Security  Council  ......................................................................  2   Topic  A:  Piracy  in  the  Gulf  of  Guinea  .....................................................................................................  3   History  of  the  Topic  .....................................................................................................................................  4   Current  Situation  .........................................................................................................................................  6   Executive  Summaries  of  Past  Relevant  Resolutions  ........................................................................  8   Measures  Thus  Far  by  UNSC  or  other  relevant  Committees  ......................................................  10   Policy  Options  for  the  UNSC  ..................................................................................................................  11   Notes/Bibliography  .................................................................................................................................  13   Topic  B:    The  situation  in  Iraq  and  Syria  and  the  international  fight  against  ISIL.  ............  15   Introduction  ...............................................................................................................................................  15   Current  Situation/Involved  Parties  ....................................................................................................  16   History  ..........................................................................................................................................................  18   Role  of  the  United  Nations  Security  Council  ....................................................................................  20   Issues  the  resolution  should  address  ................................................................................................  21   Bibliography  ...............................................................................................................................................  22  

     

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    © London International Model United Nations 2015   LIMUN | Charity No. 1096197 www.limun.org.uk  

    1  

    Welcome  Letters  

    Director:  Sandeep  Rajgopal   Greetings  delegates!  I  am  Sandeep  Rajgopal,  or  San  for  short,  and  am  currently  

    a  second  year  Double-­‐Degree  Master  of  Public  Policy  student  at  the  University  

    of  Tokyo,  having  completed  my  first  year  of  my  masters  at  the  Hertie  School  of  

    Governance   and   am   currently   a   second   year  Double-­‐Degree  Master   of   Public  

    Policy  student  at  the  University  of  Tokyo,  having  completed  my  first  year  of  my  

    masters   at   the   Hertie   School   of   Governance   in   Berlin.   This   will   be   the   16th  

    Model   United   Nations   I   will   be   attending,   and   I   am   honored   to   have   been  

    appointed   Director   of   paramount   body   of   the   United   Nations   system,   the  

    United  Nations  Security  Council  at  LIMUN  2015.   I  await  February  eagerly,  as   I  

    am  convinced  discourse  within  this  committee  will  be  intriguing  and  fruitful,  an  aspect  augmented  

    by  the  fascinating  nature  of  topics  that  will  be  debated.  See  you  all  in  London!!  

    Assistant  Director:  Justus  Loebler  

    Hi  everyone,  my  name  is  Justus  Loebler  and  it  is  my  great  pleasure  to  

    co-­‐chair  the  Security  Council  at  LIMUN  2015.  I  am  looking  forward  to  a  

    magnificent  conference  in  London  and  to  welcoming  you  for  fruitful  

    debates.  After  finishing  my  undergraduate  studies  in  astrophysics  in  

    Munich,  Germany,  I  am  now  studying  Transport  at  Imperial  College  in  

    London.  I  participated  in  several  MUN  conferences  both  as  delegate  

    and  as  chair.  LIMUN  2015  will  be  my  10th  anniversary  MUN  so  I  am  

    particularly  looking  forward  to  it.  At  Imperial  College  I  am  working  as  

    Treasurer  for  the  MUN  society.  Over  the  years  I  have  always  valued  the  international  atmosphere  

    of  the  MUN  conferences  I  visited  and  the  collaboration  with  so  many  young  people  in  taking  affords  

    to  change  the  world  we  are  living  in  to  the  better.  MUN  conferences  offer  a  great  opportunity  to  

    get  to  know  how  international  diplomacy  works  and  why  it  fails  in  particular  situation.  The  

    experience  you  will  get  both  in  a  political  and  in  a  personal  sense  will  be  one  of  the  best  you  have  

    ever  had  in  your  life.  I  am  looking  forward  to  meet  you  all  in  February.  Best,  Justus    

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    © London International Model United Nations 2015   LIMUN | Charity No. 1096197 www.limun.org.uk  

    2  

    Introduction  to  the  United  Nations  Security  Council  

    The   United   Nations   Security   Council   is   the   paramount   council   of   the   United   Nations   with   5  

    permanent   members   and   10   rotating   members.   Its   establishment   and   nature   is   enshrined   in  

    Chapter   V   of   the   United   Nations   Charter.   Chapters   VI,   VII,   VII   and   XII   all   contain   provisions  

    pertaining   the  powers  of   the  Security  Council,  which,   to  alleviate   the  burden  of   the   shoulders  of  

    you  delegates,  shall  be  elucidated  in  the  following  paragraph.    

    Chapter  VI  pertains  to  the  Pacific  Settlement  of  Disputes,  within  which,  under  articles  33  to  38,  the  

    Security  Council  may  call  upon  the  settlement  of  such  disputes  by  the  parties  involved,  investigate  

    such  disputes  and  recommend  appropriate  procedures  or  methods  of  adjustment  or  resolution  of  

    the   issue   in   a   pacific  manner.   Chapter   VII   deals   with   the   Action  with   Respect   to   Threats   to   the  

    Peace,   Breaches   of   the   Peace   and  Acts   of   Aggression,  within  which,   under   articles   39   to   41,   the  

    Security   Council   may   determine   any   of   the   three   aforementioned   violations,   call   upon   parties  

    involved   to   comply   with   provisional   measures   and   invoke   non-­‐armed   measures   towards   the  

    resolution   of   it.   Articles   42   to   50   pertain   to   the   utilization   of   armed-­‐measures,   the   procedures  

    towards  invoking  and  carrying  out  such  measures  and  responsibilities  and  options  for  UN  member  

    states  in  light  of  such  measures  being  employed.  Article  51  of  the  same  chapter  VII  finally  iterates  

    the   inherent   right   of  member   states   towards   individual   and   c