Unit 8B: Motivation and Emotion: Emotions, Stress and Health

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Unit 8B: Motivation and Emotion: Emotions, Stress and Health. Unit Overview. Theories of Emotion Embodied Emotion Expressed Emotion Experienced Emotion Stress and Health. Click on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation. Theories of Emotion. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Unit 8B: Motivation and Emotion: Emotions, Stress and Health

  • Unit 8B:Motivation and Emotion: Emotions, Stress and Health

  • Unit OverviewTheories of EmotionEmbodied EmotionExpressed EmotionExperienced EmotionStress and HealthClick on the any of the above hyperlinks to go to that section in the presentation.

  • Theories of Emotion

  • Theories of emotions

    EmotionPhysiological arousalExpressive behaviorConscious experienceCommon sense theory

  • Theories of emotions

    James-Lange theory

  • Theories of emotions

    Cannon-Bard theory

  • Theories of emotions

    Two-factor theorySchachter-Singer

  • Theories of emotions

  • Embodied Emotion

  • Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous SystemAutonomic nervous systemSympathetic nervous systemarousingParasympathetic nervous systemCalmingModerate arousal is ideal

  • Emotions and the Autonomic Nervous System

  • Physiological Similarities Among Specific EmotionsDifferent movie experiment

  • Physiological Differences Among Specific EmotionsDifferences in brain activityAmygdalaFrontal lobesNucleus accumbensPolygraph

  • Cognition and EmotionCognition Can Define EmotionSpill over effectSchachter-Singer experimentArousal fuels emotions, cognition channels it

  • Cognition and EmotionCognition Does Not Always Precede EmotionInfluence of the amygdala

  • Expressed Emotion

  • Detecting Emotion

    Nonverbal cuesDuchenne smile

  • Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior

  • Gender, Emotion, and Nonverbal Behavior

  • Culture and Emotional Expression

  • Levels of Analysis for the Study of Emotion

  • The Effects of Facial Expressions

    Facial feedback

  • Experienced Emotion

  • Fear

    Adaptive value of fearThe biology of fearamygdala

  • Anger

    AngerEvoked by eventsCatharsisExpressing anger can increase anger

  • Happiness

    HappinessFeel-good, do-good phenomenonWell-being

  • HappinessThe Short Life of Emotional Ups and DownsWatsons studies

  • HappinessWealth and Well-Being

  • HappinessWealth and Well-Being

  • HappinessTwo Psychological Phenomena: Adaptation and ComparisonHappiness and Prior ExperienceAdaptation-level phenomenonHappiness and others attainmentsRelative deprivation

  • HappinessPredictors of Happiness

  • Stress and Health

  • Introduction

    Health psychologyBehavioral medicine

  • Stress and Illness

    StressStress appraisal

  • Stress and IllnessThe Stress Response SystemSelyes general adaptation syndrome (GAS)AlarmResistanceexhaustion

  • Stress and Illness General Adaptation Syndrome

  • Stress and IllnessStressful Life EventsCatastrophesSignificant life changesDaily hassles

  • Stress and the Heart

    Coronary heart diseaseType A versus Type BType AType B

  • Stress and Susceptibility to Disease

    Psychophysiological illnessesPsychoneuroimmunology (PNI)LymphocytesB lymphocytesT lymphocytesStress and AIDSStress and Cancer

  • The End

  • Definition Slides

  • Emotion= a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3) conscious experience.

  • James-Lange Theory= the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli.

  • Cannon-Bard Theory= the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers (1) physiological responses and (2) the subjective experience of emotion.

  • Two-factor Theory= the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal.

  • Polygraph= a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measure several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion (such as perspiration and cardiovascular and breathing changes).

  • Facial Feedback= the effect of facial expressions on experienced emotions, as when a facial expression of anger or happiness intensifies feelings of anger or happiness.

  • Catharsis= emotional release. The catharsis hypothesis maintains that releasing aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.

  • Feel-Good Do-Good Phenomenon= peoples tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.

  • Well-being= self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well-being (for example, physical and economic indicators) to evaluate peoples quality of life.

  • Adaptation-level Phenomenon= our tendency to form judgments (of sounds, of lights, of income) relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experience.

  • Relative Deprivation= the perception that we are worse off relative to those with whom we compare ourselves.

  • Behavioral Medicine= an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavior and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease..

  • Health Psychology= a subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.

  • Stress= the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging.

  • General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)= Selyes concept of the bodys adaptive response to stress in three phases alarm, resistance, exhaustion.

  • Coronary Heart Disease= the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in North America.

  • Type A= Friedman and Rosenmans term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people.

  • Type B= Friedman and Rosenmans term for easygoing, relaxed people.

  • Psychophysiological Illness= literally, mind-body illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches.

  • Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)= the study of how psychological, neural, and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health.

  • Lymphocytes= the two types of white blood cells that are part of the bodys immune system; B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; T lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances.