Unit 8A: Motivation and Emotion: Motivation

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Unit 8A: Motivation and Emotion: Motivation. Introduction. Motivation. Motivational Concepts. Instincts and Evolutionary Psychology. Instinct (fixed pattern) Instincts in animals Instincts in humans. Drives and Incentives. Drive-reduction theory Homeostasis Need Drive - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Unit 8A: Motivation and Emotion: Motivation

  • Unit 8A:Motivation and Emotion: Motivation

  • Introduction

    Motivation

  • Motivational Concepts

  • Instincts and Evolutionary PsychologyInstinct (fixed pattern)Instincts in animalsInstincts in humans

  • Drives and Incentives

    Drive-reduction theoryHomeostasisNeed DriveDrive reduction

  • Drives and Incentives

    Drive-reduction theoryHomeostasisNeed DriveDrive reduction

  • Drives and Incentives

    Drive-reduction theoryHomeostasisNeed DriveDrive reduction

  • Drives and Incentives

    IncentivePositive and negative

  • Optimum Arousal

    ArousalOptimum level of arousal

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

    Maslows hierarchy of needsVariations in the hierarchy

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

  • A Hierarchy of Motives

  • Hunger

  • The Physiology of Hunger

    Contractions of the stomachWashburn study

  • The Physiology of HungerBody Chemistry and the BrainGlucoseInsulinHypothalamusLateral hypothalamusorexinVetromedial hypothalamus

  • The Physiology of HungerBody Chemistry and the BrainAppetite hormonesGhrelinObestatinPYYLeptinSet pointBasal metabolic rate

  • The Psychology of HungerTaste Preferences: Biology and CultureTaste preferencesGenetic: sweet and saltyNeophobiaAdaptive taste preferences

  • The Psychology of HungerEating DisordersEating disordersAnorexia nervosaBulimia nervosaBinge-eating disorder

  • Level of Analysis for Our Hunger Motivation

  • Level of Analysis for Our Hunger Motivation

  • Level of Analysis for Our Hunger Motivation

  • Level of Analysis for Our Hunger Motivation

  • Obesity and Weight Control

    Historical explanations for obesityObesityDefinitionStatisticsObesity and life expectancy

  • Obesity

  • Obesity

  • Obesity and Weight ControlThe Social Effects of ObesitySocial effects of obesityWeight discriminationPsychological effects of obesity

  • Weight Discrimination

  • Weight Discrimination

  • Obesity and Weight ControlThe Physiology of ObesityFat Cells

  • Obesity and Weight ControlThe Physiology of ObesitySet point and metabolism

  • Obesity and Weight ControlThe Physiology of ObesityThe genetic factorThe food and activity factorSleep lossSocial influenceFood consumption and activity level

  • Obesity and Weight ControlLosing WeightRealistic and moderate goalsSuccess storiesAttitudinal changes

  • Sexual Motivation

  • The Physiology of SexThe Sexual Response CycleSexual response cycleExcitement phasePlateau phaseOrgasmResolution phaseRefractory period

  • The Physiology of SexHormones and Sexual BehaviorEffects of hormonesDevelopment of sexual characteristicsActivate sexual behaviorEstrogenTestosterone

  • The Psychology of Sex

    External stimuliImagined stimuliDreamsSexual fantasies

  • Levels of Analysis for Sexual Motivation

  • Levels of Analysis for Sexual Motivation

  • Levels of Analysis for Sexual Motivation

  • Levels of Analysis for Sexual Motivation

  • Adolescent SexualityTeen PregnancyIgnoranceMinimal communication about birth controlGuilt related to sexual activityAlcohol useMass media norms of unprotected promiscuity

  • Adolescent SexualitySexually Transmitted InfectionsStatistics of STIsTeen abstinenceHigh intelligenceReligious engagementFather presenceParticipation in service learning programs

    xxx

  • Sexual Orientation

    Sexual orientationHomosexual orientationHeterosexual orientationSexual orientation statistics

  • Sexual OrientationOrigins of Sexual OrientationOrigins of sexual orientation studiesFraternal birth order effectSame-sex attraction in animalsThe brain and sexual orientationGenes and sexual orientationPrenatal hormones and sexual orientation

  • The Need to Belong

  • The Need to Belong

    Aiding survivalWanting to belongSustaining relationshipsThe pain of ostracismostracism

  • The End

  • Teacher InformationTypes of FilesThis presentation has been saved as a basic Powerpoint file. While this file format placed a few limitations on the presentation, it insured the file would be compatible with the many versions of Powerpoint teachers use. To add functionality to the presentation, teachers may want to save the file for their specific version of Powerpoint.AnimationOnce again, to insure compatibility with all versions of Powerpoint, none of the slides are animated. To increase student interest, it is suggested teachers animate the slides wherever possible.Adding slides to this presentationTeachers are encouraged to adapt this presentation to their personal teaching style. To help keep a sense of continuity, blank slides which can be copied and pasted to a specific location in the presentation follow this Teacher Information section.

  • Teacher InformationHyperlink Slides - This presentation contain two types of hyperlinks. Hyperlinks can be identified by the text being underlined and a different color (usually purple).Unit subsections hyperlinks: Immediately after the unit title slide, a page (slide #3) can be found listing all of the units subsections. While in slide show mode, clicking on any of these hyperlinks will take the user directly to the beginning of that subsection. This allows teachers quick access to each subsection.Bold print term hyperlinks: Every bold print term from the unit is included in this presentation as a hyperlink. While in slide show mode, clicking on any of the hyperlinks will take the user to a slide containing the formal definition of the term. Clicking on the arrow in the bottom left corner of the definition slide will take the user back to the original point in the presentation. These hyperlinks were included for teachers who want students to see or copy down the exact definition as stated in the text. Most teachers prefer the definitions not be included to prevent students from only copying down what is on the screen and not actively listening to the presentation.For teachers who continually use the Bold Print Term Hyperlinks option, please contact the author using the email address on the next slide to learn a technique to expedite the returning to the original point in the presentation.

  • Teacher InformationContinuity slidesThroughout this presentation there are slides, usually of graphics or tables, that build on one another. These are included for three purposes. By presenting information in small chunks, students will find it easier to process and remember the concepts. By continually changing slides, students will stay interested in the presentation.To facilitate class discussion and critical thinking. Students should be encouraged to think about what might come next in the series of slides. Please feel free to contact me at kkorek@germantown.k12.wi.us with any questions, concerns, suggestions, etc. regarding these presentations. Kent KorekGermantown High SchoolGermantown, WI 53022262-253-3400kkorek@germantown.k12.wi.us

  • Division title (green print)subdivision title (blue print)xxxxxxxxx

  • Division title (green print)subdivision title (blue print)Use this slide to add a table, chart, clip art, picture, diagram, or video clip. Delete this box when finished

  • Definition Slide= add definition here

  • Definition Slides

  • Motivation= a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.

  • Instinct= a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.

  • Drive-reduction Theory= the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.

  • Homeostasis= a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.

  • Incentive= a positive or negative environment stimulus that motivates behavior

  • Hierarchy of Needs= Maslows pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.

  • Glucose= the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.

  • Set Point= the point at which an individuals weight thermostat is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.

  • Basal Metabolic Rate= the bodys resting rate of energy expenditure.

  • Anorexia Nervosa= an eating disorder in which a person (usually an adolescent female) diets and becomes significantly (15 percent or more) underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve.

  • Bulimia Nervosa= an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise.

  • Binge-eating Disorder= significant b