UNIT 3, LESSON 7 The Diabetes Food Pyramid
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Transcript of UNIT 3, LESSON 7 The Diabetes Food Pyramid
UNIT 3, LESSON 7The Diabetes Food Pyramid
ObjectivesAt the end of the lesson, participants should be able to:Explain the Diabetes Food PyramidState food groups and appropriate serving sizesMake wise food choices using the Diabetes Food PyramidDescribe their feelings and experiences of eating with diabetesSet a goal that relates to making healthier food choicesIdentify ways to modify everyday recipes to fit into the diabetes meal plan
Myths about DiabetesToo much sugar gives you diabetesPeople with diabetes are not supposed to eat sugarWhat do you think?
Truth about DiabetesEating healthy is the same for people with and without diabetes.It is a matter of eating a wide variety of foods and a balanced amount of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.It doesnt mean you have to give up all sugars or special treats.You must account for the carbohydrate, fat, and calories in your total meal plan for the day.
Source: American Diabetes Association
Different Food Guide PyramidsUSDA Food Guide PyramidDiabetes Food PyramidBoth pyramids are divided into six sections of varying sizes
DifferencesUSDA Food Guide PyramidFood are grouped according to their classification as a food
Starchy vegetables are placed under the vegetable groups
Cheese is placed in the milk group
Diabetes Food PyramidFoods are grouped according to their carbohydrate and protein contentStarchy vegetables are under the bread, grains, and other starches group
Cheese is placed in the meat and other group
Benefits of the DiabetesFood PyramidCan be used as a guide for choosing a healthy dietUsed as a diabetes meal planIntroduces variety in the dietShows the food groups that a person should increase or decrease
Diabetes Food PyramidThere are six groups
Diabetes Food PyramidFats, oils and sweetsKeep servings small
Vegetables(non-starchy vegetables)3-5 servingsMeats andothers4-6 ouncesFruits2-4 servings
Grains, beans,and starchyvegetables6-11 servings
Number of Starches based onNumber of Calories
CaloriesNumber of starches1,200 to 1,600 6 starches1,600 to 2,0008 starches2,000 to 2,40010 starches
Source: National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse
ExamplesIf you eat:
6 servings of grains, beans, and starchy vegetables3 servings of vegetables4-6 ounces of meat and meat substitutes2 servings of fruits2 servings of milkUp to 3 servings of fats
then you would have eaten about 1,200 to 1,600 calories.
Differences forWomen and MenMost women would eat at the lower end of the rangeMany men would eat in the middle to high end of the range Both men and women would consume at the higher end of the range if they are active
Know Portion SizePortion sizes today have become largerOne of the most important aspects of meal planning is to know the correct portion sizeControlling your diabetes means knowing what makes one portion for each group on the Diabetes Pyramid
Grains, Beans, and Starchy VegetablesEat six to 11 servings each dayGood source of fiberWhat is one serving or one portion in this group?1 slice of bread (whole wheat is best) of a bagel (1 ounce) of an English muffin or pita bread1 6-inch tortilla4 to 6 crackers cup of dry cereal cup of cooked cereal
cup potato or yam cup peas or corn cup cooked beans1 cup winter squash1/3 cup of rice1/3 cup of pasta
Grains, Beans and Starchy VegetablesChoose whole-grain foods, such as:Whole-grain breadWhole-grain crackersTortillasBran cerealBrown riceBulgurWhole-grain foods are nutritious and high in fiberBeans are also high in fiber
Grains, Beans and Starchy VegetablesUse whole wheat or other whole-grain flours in cooking and bakingEat low-fat breads, such as:BagelsTortillasEnglish muffinsPita breadFor snacks, try pretzels or popcorn without butter
VegetablesEat three to five servings each dayGood source of vitamins, minerals, and fiberWhat is one serving or one portion for this group?1 cup raw vegetables cup cooked vegetablesVegetables can be used to fill a person up without adding too much carbohydrate
FruitEat two to four servings each dayGood source of vitamins, minerals and fiberWhat is one serving size or one portion in this group? cup canned fruit, unsweetened or in its own juice1 small fresh fruit2 tablespoons dried fruit1 cup melon or raspberries1 and cup whole strawberriesFruit also contains carbohydrates
FruitWhat are some of your favorite fruit?Choose fresh fruits instead of fruit juices. Fresh fruit contains more fiber.Choose unsweetened fruit juices.
Milk and DairyEat or drink two to four servings each day.Milk products contain protein and calcium, as well as other vitamins and minerals.
Milk and DairyWhat is one serving or one portion size for this group?1 cup fat-free or low-fat milk2/3 cup yogurt (plain or flavored with artificial sweetener)
Choose non fat or low-fat dairy products for the great taste and nutrition without the saturated fat
Meat and Meat Substitutes and other Proteins
Eat 4 to 6 ounces each day
Meat and meat substitutes contain protein and calcium, and other vitamins and minerals
Meat and Meat SubstitutesWhat are examples in this group?Meat: beef, porkPoultry: chicken, turkey, eggsFish: salmon, tuna, catfish, tilapiaPeanut butterTofuCheeseLimit cheese, hotdogs, processed sandwich meats, bacon, and sausageKeep portion sizes small two to three ounces
Meat and Meat Substitutes1 ounce of meat equals: cup low-fat cottage cheese1 oz cheese (3 grams of fat or less per oz)1 egg1 tablespoon of peanut butter cup of tofu1 oz fish1 oz pork
Fats, Oils, and SweetsFoods in this group contain a lot of fat and sugarThey arent as nutritious as the other groupsKeep your servings small and save them for a special occasion
Fats and Oils Serving Sizes
FoodServing SizeNuts- almonds or cashews Peanuts Pecan 6104 halvesOlives- Black, large Green with pimentos, large 810 Avocado2 tablespoons1 ounceMargarine or mayonnaise, reduced fat regular margarine or mayonnaise1 tablespoon1 teaspoonCream, reduced fat regular1 tablespoons1 tablespoonSour cream, reduced fat regular3 tablespoons2 tablespoonsOils- canola, olive, vegetable1 teaspoon
Sweets Serving Sizes
Food Serving SizeBeverages- hot chocolate, lemonade, sport drink1 cup or 8 ouncesCakeOne 2-inch squareCookiesOne 3-inch Pie1/6 of 8-inch piePudding cupIce cream cupCandy3 pieces hard, 5 pieces chocolate KISSESSyrup, light Syrup, regular2 tablespoons1 tablespoon
AlcoholThe American Diabetes Association recommends:Two drinks or less a day for men and One drink or less per day for women.
One serving of alcohol equals:12 ounces of regular beer12 ounces of light beer5 ounces of wine1.5 ounce of hard liquor
Putting It All TogetherWhat did you learn from the information that was covered today?
E-mpowermentDiabetes Education Series: The Diabetes Food Pyramid
Diabetes Education SeriesDescribe your experiences and feelings about eating related to your diabetes.What was most difficult for you?What are ways that you could overcome some of these difficulties?
A-ctionDid you accomplish the goal you set last week?
Set a goal related to healthy eating using the Diabetes Food Pyramid.
R-eal-Life Problem SolvingLeahs Story
Questions about Leahs StoryWhat is Leahs Problem?What is the first step that Leah needs to take in this situation?What are some other things that Leah needs to in this situation? (List as many suggestions as possible.)List two things that Leah could do right away to deal with this problem. Why?
Questions about Leahs StoryPlease find the Real-Life Problem Solving handout for this lesson in your folder
These questions will help with your understanding of Leahs story
N-utritionMenuBaked Swiss SteakFresh Spinach SaladPumpkin Squares
See you next week!Topic for the next week: Carbohydrate Counting
Margaret E. Cook-Newell, Ph.D., R.D., L.D., CDEIrene Hong-McAtee, MD, MCR
Adrienne Glodt, B.S., Graduate StudentLaura Hieronymus, MSEd, APRN, BC-ADM, CDECheryl Case, M.S., Harrison CountyAnn Hollon, M.A., Wolfe CountyHazel Forsythe, Ph.D., R.D., L.D., CFCSStephen D. Perry, M.S., R.D., L.D.Pam Sigler, M.S.Lynn Blankenship, M.S., Metcalfe CountyTheresa Scott, M.A., Floyd CountyTamara Thomas, M.S., Franklin County
Rusty Manseau, B.A., Graphic Artist
Author: Ingrid Adams, Ph.D., Assistant Professor , Nutrition and Food Science, University of Kentucky
Tell participants: People with diabetes do not have to feel deprived or restricted. They can still enjoy a wide variety of foods. However, they need to learn to eat well-balanced meals in the correct amounts. A registered dietitian (RD) can help you create a meal plan that is right for you. In this lesson you will learn how to make wise food choices using the Diabetes Food Pyramid.
This unit focuses on meal planning. We will cover the Diabetes Food Pyramid in this lesson, Counting Carbohydrates in Lesson 8 and Think Your Plate in Lesson 9. Think about this unit as eating for your health.*Read and briefly describe objectives to participants.**Allow participants time to discuss what they think about the myths.*The use of the Diabetes Food Pyramid shoul