Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor? Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?

download Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor? Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?

of 15

  • date post

    03-Jan-2016
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    214
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor? Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?

  • Unit 19Who are the rich and who are the poor?Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?

  • What do we mean by rich countries and poor countries?Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Gross Domestic Product It is the total market value of goods and services produced within a country in a year.According to the World Bank, only if the G.D.P. per capita is well above US$6 000 can a country be considered wealthy.Those with a G.D.P. per capita below US$ 480 are in the poor category.

  • What do we mean by rich countries and poor countries?Unit19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?The Gross Domestic Product of Some Countries/Cities in 1998

    AsiaChinaUS$ 3 460Hong Kong US$ 26 880SingaporeUS$ 24 600JapanUS$ 24 500North AmericaU.S.A.US$ 30 200CanadaUS$ 21 700South AmericaBrazilUS$ 6 300Cuba US$ 1 540

  • What do we mean by rich countries and poor countries?Unit19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?The Gross Domestic Product of Some Countries/Cities in 1998

    AfricaEgyptUS$ 4 400Ethiopia US$ 530NigeriaUS$ 1 300South AfricaUS$ 6 200EuropeUnited KingdomUS$ 21 200LuxembourgUS$ 33 700RussiaUS$ 4 700France US$ 22 700

  • What do we mean by rich countries and poor countries?Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Other indicators Housing Developing countriesDeveloped countries

  • What do we mean by rich countries and poor countries?Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Other indicators Education Developed countriesDeveloping countries

  • Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Developed and Developing CountriesMost of the developed countries are situated in the north and the developing in the south, the worlds countries can be divided into the North and the South.

  • What are the characteristics of the developed countries and the developing countries?Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?The problem of relying on one single index

    CountryLeading exportsG.D.P per capita (US$)Life expectancy at birth M F Birth rate (%)Death rate (%)Literacy rate (%)AustraliaWool and wheat19 373 76 831.40.7100United Arab EmiratesOil 22 480 71 752.60.379

  • What are the characteristics of the developed countries and the developing countries?Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?The problem of relying on one single indexThe G.D.P. of the United Arab Emirates is higher than that of Australia. However, the quality of life of the people living in Australia is far better than those in the United Arab Emirates.

  • Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Three groups of indicators Economic indicators

    Economic indicatorsDeveloped countriesDeveloping countriesG.D.P. per capitaHigh LowEnergy consumption per capitaHighLow Level of technologyHighLow Vehicles / TV / Tele-phones per capitaHighLow Doctors per capitaHighLow Employment by sectorSecondary and tertiaryMainly primarySource of export incomeIndustry and servicePrimary productsDistribution of incomeMore evenLess evenDietary intakeAdequate nutritionMalnutrition

  • Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Three groups of indicators Population indicators

    Population indicatorsDeveloped countriesDeveloping countriesBirth rateLowHighDeath rateLow Falling Rate of natural increaseLow Very highLife expectancyHigh Low Rate of infant mortalityLowHigh Degree of urbanizationHigh Low

  • Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Three groups of indicators Cultural indicators

    Cultural indicatorsDeveloped countriesDeveloping countriesPolitical stabilityHigh Low Status of indigenous peopleHigh Low Human rightsRespected Not highly respectedStatus of womenHigh Low Literacy rateHigh Low

  • Can Hong Kong be regarded as developed?Unit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Hong Kong is a developed city in a developing country.Under the policy of one country two systems, the city is still able to maintain its thriving economy and a high living standard.

  • Terms to learnUnit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Life expectancy () the number of years an average person in a country can live after birthLiteracy rate () the percentage of the people in a country that can read and write Dietary intake () food taken by a personRate of infant mortality () the average number of deaths of infants under one year of age per thousand live births

  • Terms to learnUnit 19 Who are the rich and who are the poor?Status of indigenous people () the social position of the original inhabitants in a countryHuman rights () those rights which are justifiably claimed by a person such as rights to life, liberty and securityStatus of women () the social position of women in a country