Unique Experiences, Unique Perspectives

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  • Unique Experiences, Unique PerspectivesMansfield Fellows and Their Insights on U.S.-Japan Relations

    The Maureen and Mike Mansfield

    Foundation

  • The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation, Washington, D.C.

    2013 by The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation www.mansfieldfdn.org

    All rights reserved.

    Published in the United States of America

    Library of Congress Control Number: 2012954958

    The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation honors Mike Mansfield (19032001), a remarkable public servant, statesman and diplomat who played a pivotal role in many key domestic and international issues of the 20th century as U.S. congressman from Montana, Senate majority leader, and finally as U.S. ambassador to Japan. The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation was created in 1983 to advance Maureen and Mike Mansfields life-long efforts to promote understanding and cooperation among the nations and peoples of Asia and the United States. The Foundation sponsors exchanges, dialogues and publications that create networks among U.S. and Asian leaders, explore important policy issues, and increase awareness of Asia in the U.S. The Mansfield Foundations geographic focus is Northeast Asia and India as it relates to that region. The Foundation receives support from individuals, corporations and philanthropic organizations. It also provides support to The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Center at The University of Montana.

    The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation1401 New York Avenue, NW Suite 740

    Washington, D.C. 20005-2102 Phone: 202 . 347. 1994

    Fax: 202 . 347. 3941 E-mail: info@mansfieldfdn.org

    www.mansfieldfdn.org

  • Unique Experiences, Unique PerspectivesMansfield Fellows and Their Insights on U.S.-Japan Relations

    www.mansfieldfdn.org

  • 2

    Contents

    Preface

    David BolingDeputy Executive Director, The Maureen and Mike Mansfield Foundation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

    Reflections on the Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program

    Daniel Bob . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Senior Fellow/Director for U.S.-Japan Programs, Sasakawa Peace Foundation

    Yoshimasa Hayashi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Member, Japanese Diet, House of Councillors

    Paige Cottingham-Streater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Executive Director, Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission

    Finance, Trade and Development

    Amy Jackson (MFP 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    Richard Silver (MFP 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Alfred Nakatsuma (MFP 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Kenneth Goodwin (MFP 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29

    Michael Panzera (MFP 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

    Jordan Heiber (MFP 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    Matthew Poggi (MFP 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

    Amanda Van den Dool (MFP 16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41

  • 3

    National Security and Politics

    John Hill (MFP 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    Paul Linehan (MFP 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

    Adrienne Vanek (MFP 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    William Heinrich (MFP 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55

    William Golike (MFP 12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59

    Cory Hanna (MFP 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62

    Rachelle Johnson (MFP 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

    Andrew Winternitz (MFP 16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

    Transportation and Disaster Preparedness

    Christopher Metts (MFP 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

    Leo Bosner (MFP 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

    Jim Spillane (MFP 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

    Telecommunications, Environment/Energy and Health

    Martin Dieu (MFP 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

    Zenji Nakazawa (MFP 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

    Michael Marcus (MFP 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

    Scott Olsen (MFP 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

    Roger Fernandez (MFP 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

    Carole Carey (MFP 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

    James Miller (MFP 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

    Deirdre Lawrence (MFP 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

    Monterey Gardiner (MFP 16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

    List of One Hundred Mansfield Fellows, 19952012 . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

    List of MFP 18 Mansfield Fellows, 20132014 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

  • 4

    The Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program reached an important milestone in 2011 when the Mansfield Foundation selected the one-hundredth Fellow to enter the program since its establishment in 1994. By late-2013, one hundred Mansfield Fellows, representing twenty-two U.S. agencies and the U.S. Congress, will have completed the program. These Fellows return to federal service prepared to use the expertise and networks gained during their Fellowships to further U.S.-Japan relations. In doing so, they are helping fulfill not only the mission of the Fellowship Program, but also the vision of the man this unique exchange was named afterMike Mansfield.

    Mike Mansfield, who served as U.S. ambassador to Japan from 1977 to 1989, liked to call the U.S.-Japan relationship the most important bilateral relationship in the world, bar none. I like to call the Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program the most unique fellowship in the world, bar none. The Mike Mansfield Fellowship is unique because it gives U.S. federal government employees in the program opportunities to work side-by-side with their counterparts in Japans ministries and agencies, the National Diet, and non-governmental organizations. This openness by the Japanese government is unprecedented and unparalleledno other country provides this level of access to its government to U.S. government officials. And it is critical because Japan remains so important to the United States, especially as the United States begins rebalancing toward Asia.

    Mike Mansfield noted that he began using the bar none phrase because it combined economic interdependence and security cooperation, strengths of the U.S.-Japan relationship that are just as relevant today. Japans ongoing importance to the United States is reflected in the strength of the security alliance and the bilateral trade relation-ship. In 2011, Japan was the fourth largest U.S. trading partner in goods and one of the largest contributors to U.S. global priorities such as Afghanistans reconstruction.

    PrefaceDavid Boling

  • 5

    The essays in this volume describe many of the ways the Mike Mansfield Fellowship Program has provided Fellows with unique insights into the Japanese governments policymaking process and opportunities to improve coordination between the United States and Japan. The Fellows who contributed to this volume describe working with their Japanese counterparts to strengthen cooperation in areas ranging from renewable energy to missile defense to international development. There are many more examples that we were not able to capture in this volume, which was initiated to honor the milestone reached by the program and by all Mansfield Fellows that have participated in it.

    Looking ahead, we see even greater opportunities for the United States and Japan to work together, and an even greater need for U.S. government officials who have a deep understanding of Japan and the importance of the U.S.-Japan relationship. We are confident the Fellowship Program will continue to play an important role in strengthening U.S.-Japan relations in the years ahead.

    The Mansfield Foundation is grateful to the Toshiba International Foundation and Fast Retailing Co., Ltd. for their generous support of the first phase of this project, to the Sasakawa Peace Foundation and the Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission for funding