Understanding terror 5e ch 13

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  1. 1. Part IV: Final AnalysisPart IV: Final Analysis Chapter 13: CounterterrorismChapter 13: Counterterrorism The OptionsThe Options Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  2. 2. Use of ForceUse of Force Operations Other than War (OOTW)Operations Other than War (OOTW) Legalistic OptionsLegalistic Options Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  3. 3. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  4. 4. Suppression CampaignsSuppression Campaigns Military suppression campaigns.Military suppression campaigns. Case: Operation Enduring Freedom.Case: Operation Enduring Freedom. Case: Operation Peace for Galilee.Case: Operation Peace for Galilee. Paramilitary suppression campaigns.Paramilitary suppression campaigns. Case: Algeria.Case: Algeria. Case: Colombia.Case: Colombia. Punitive and preemptive strikes.Punitive and preemptive strikes. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  5. 5. Coercive Covert OperationsCoercive Covert Operations War in the shadows.War in the shadows. Case: The Achille Lauro operation.Case: The Achille Lauro operation. Case: Assassinations.Case: Assassinations. Special Operations ForcesSpecial Operations Forces Elite military and police units specializing inElite military and police units specializing in unconventional operations.unconventional operations.Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  6. 6. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  7. 7. Nonviolent Covert OperationsNonviolent Covert Operations Encompasses a number of options.Encompasses a number of options. Inherently secretive. Often creative.Inherently secretive. Often creative. Examples:Examples: Infiltration.Infiltration. Disinformation.Disinformation. CyberwarCyberwar Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  8. 8. IntelligenceIntelligence SIGINT (Signal Intelligence)SIGINT (Signal Intelligence) HUMINT (Human Intelligence)HUMINT (Human Intelligence) Intelligence agencies.Intelligence agencies. Problems of intelligence coordination.Problems of intelligence coordination. Enhanced SecurityEnhanced Security Target hardening.Target hardening. Case: Moroccos desert wall.Case: Moroccos desert wall. Case: Israels walls on the border.Case: Israels walls on the border. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  9. 9. Economic SanctionsEconomic Sanctions Directed against governments.Directed against governments. Conditions for success.Conditions for success. Cooperation must remain firm.Cooperation must remain firm. Trade leaks must be controlled.Trade leaks must be controlled. SanctionedSanctioned regimeregime must be made to suffer.must be made to suffer. Problems.Problems. Sanctioned regimes rarely suffertheir people do.Sanctioned regimes rarely suffertheir people do. Coalitions do not always remain firm.Coalitions do not always remain firm. Leaks are difficult to control.Leaks are difficult to control.Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  10. 10. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  11. 11. Diplomatic OptionsDiplomatic Options Reasoned dialogue.Reasoned dialogue. Peace processes.Peace processes. Negotiations.Negotiations. Social ReformSocial Reform Responding to underlying grievances.Responding to underlying grievances. Case: Peru and Shining Path.Case: Peru and Shining Path. Case: Spain and ETA.Case: Spain and ETA.Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  12. 12. Concessionary OptionsConcessionary Options Giving the terrorists what they want.Giving the terrorists what they want. Examples:Examples: Payment of ransoms.Payment of ransoms. Releases of imprisoned comrades.Releases of imprisoned comrades. Broadcast or publication of extremist propaganda.Broadcast or publication of extremist propaganda. Political amnesty.Political amnesty. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  13. 13. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  14. 14. Law Enforcement and CounterterrorismLaw Enforcement and Counterterrorism Responding to terrorist environments.Responding to terrorist environments. Terrorism as inherently criminal behavior under law.Terrorism as inherently criminal behavior under law. Taking the lead in investigating terrorist incidents.Taking the lead in investigating terrorist incidents. Police repression.Police repression. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  15. 15. Domestic Laws and CounterterrorismDomestic Laws and Counterterrorism Balancing the need for counterterrorist laws and theBalancing the need for counterterrorist laws and the protection of constitutional rights.protection of constitutional rights. Cases:Cases: Counterterrorist courts in Algeria.Counterterrorist courts in Algeria. Amnesty in Italy.Amnesty in Italy. Outcome of the Achille Lauro incident.Outcome of the Achille Lauro incident. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  16. 16. International LawInternational Law Responses by the world community.Responses by the world community. International conventions on hijacking offenses.International conventions on hijacking offenses. Protecting diplomats.Protecting diplomats. Extradition treaties.Extradition treaties. International courts and tribunals.International courts and tribunals. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  17. 17. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016