Understanding terror 5e ch 08

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  1. 1. Chapter 8: Terrorist SpilloversChapter 8: Terrorist Spillovers International TerrorismInternational Terrorism Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  2. 2. The Spillover EffectThe Spillover Effect The struggle spills over into the international domain.The struggle spills over into the international domain. Domestic attacks against victims with an internationalDomestic attacks against victims with an international profile.profile. Operations in a foreign country.Operations in a foreign country. Unambiguous International ImplicationsUnambiguous International Implications International consequences must be clear.International consequences must be clear. Case: Attacks on embassies.Case: Attacks on embassies. Case: Airline hijackings.Case: Airline hijackings.Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  3. 3. Terrorist Environments and InternationalTerrorist Environments and International TerrorismTerrorism International state terrorism.International state terrorism. International dissident terrorism.International dissident terrorism. International religious terrorism.International religious terrorism. International left-wing terrorism.International left-wing terrorism. International right-wing terrorism.International right-wing terrorism. International criminal terrorism.International criminal terrorism. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  4. 4. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  5. 5. Modern isms and InternationalModern isms and International Revolutionary SolidarityRevolutionary Solidarity Cold War motivations for international resistance.Cold War motivations for international resistance. Imperialism.Imperialism. Neocolonialism.Neocolonialism. Zionism.Zionism. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  6. 6. Perceived EfficiencyPerceived Efficiency Potential for maximum publicity.Potential for maximum publicity. Potential for inflicting maximum psychological anxiety.Potential for inflicting maximum psychological anxiety. Pragmatism.Pragmatism. Adaptations of Revolutionary TheoryAdaptations of Revolutionary Theory Fish swimming in the sea of the people.Fish swimming in the sea of the people. Enraging the beast.Enraging the beast. Liberating violence.Liberating violence. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  7. 7. Historical ReasonsHistorical Reasons West was often a target during wars of national liberation.West was often a target during wars of national liberation. Anti-colonial rebels became national leaders.Anti-colonial rebels became national leaders. Terrorism was a matter of pragmatic choice.Terrorism was a matter of pragmatic choice. Fusion of ideology and warfare.Fusion of ideology and warfare. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  8. 8. Cold War Terrorist-Networking TheoryCold War Terrorist-Networking Theory Western theory that Soviet proxies were the sourceWestern theory that Soviet proxies were the source of international terrorism.of international terrorism. Uncomplicated and simplistic scenario.Uncomplicated and simplistic scenario. International Terrorist EnvironmentsInternational Terrorist Environments Monolithic.Monolithic. Strong multipolar.Strong multipolar. Weak multipolar.Weak multipolar. Cell-based.Cell-based. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  9. 9. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  10. 10. A Stateless Revolution by Religious RadicalsA Stateless Revolution by Religious Radicals The Afghan Arabs at WarThe Afghan Arabs at War MujahideenMujahideen in Bosniain Bosnia Al Qaida and International TerrorismAl Qaida and International Terrorism The Madrid Train BombingsThe Madrid Train Bombings The London Transportation System AttacksThe London Transportation System Attacks Terrorist Violence in IraqTerrorist Violence in Iraq Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016
  11. 11. Martin, Understanding Terrorism Fifth Edition. (c) SAGE Publications 2016