Understanding MyPyramid And Dietary Guidelines Old Food Guide Pyramid
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Understanding MyPyramidAnd Dietary Guidelines
Old Food Guide Pyramid
Final Graphic DesignActivity Proportionality
Personalization Gradual Improvement
Message: Variety In the Dietary Guidelines:Consume a variety of nutrient-dense foods and beverages within and among the basic food groups.Nutrient Dense: high nutrient to calorie ratio meaning they are rich in nutrients when compared to their calorie content.
In MyPyramid graphic: Color bands represent that all food groups are needed each day for health.
Food Groups are Color Coded
Message: ProportionalityIn the Dietary Guidelines:Adopt a balanced eating pattern.Sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables, 3 or more ounce equivalents of whole-grain products per day3 cup equivalents per day of fat-free or low-fat milk or milk products.
In MyPyramid graphic:Differing widths of the color bands suggest about how much food should be eaten from each group.
In the Dietary Guidelines:Limit intake of saturated and trans fats, and choose products low in these fats. Make choices of meat, poultry, dry beans, and milk products that are lean, low-fat, or fat-free.Choose and prepare foods and beverages with little added sugars or calorie sweeteners.
In MyPyramid graphic:Food group bands narrow from bottom to top suggesting to eat nutrient-dense forms of foods.
Message: Physical ActivityIn the Dietary Guidelines:Engage in regular physical activity and reduce sedentary activities to promote health, psychological well-being, and a healthy body weight.
In MyPyramid graphic:Steps and person on them symbolize that physical activity should be a part of everyday healthy living.
Additional Messages in the MyPyramid GraphicTo foster implementation
Personalization:The name MyPyramid suggests an individual approach. The person climbing the steps mentally links each viewer to the image.
Gradual Improvement:The slogan Steps to a Healthier You suggests that improvement should happen in stages, over time.
Focus on fruits.Vary your veggies.Get your calcium-rich foods.Make half your grains whole.Go lean with protein.Know the limits on fats, salt, and sugars.Key food group messages from the Dietary Guidelines and MyPyramid:
Daily Amountsin cups or ounces
GrainsMake half of your grains whole6 ounces
VegetablesVary your veggiesEat more dark green and orange vegetables2 cups
FruitsFocus on fruitsChoose fresh, frozen, canned or dry fruitsChoose fruit juice less often2 cups
MilkGet your calcium rich foodsGo low fat or fat free3 cups
Meat and BeansChose low fat or lean meats and poultryBake it, Broil it or Grill itVary your choices with fish, beans, peas, nuts and seeds5.5 oz/day
OilsKnow your fatsMake most of your fat sources from fish, nuts and vegetable oilsLimit solid fats like butter or margarine
Aim for Fitness1. Aim for a healthy weight
2. Be physically active each day
Build a Healthy Base3. Let the pyramid guide your choices4. Choose a variety of grains daily, especially whole grains5. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables daily.6. Keep food safe to eat.
Choose Sensibly7. Choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat 8. Choose beverages and foods to moderate your intake of sugars9. Choose and prepare food with less salt10. If you drink alcoholic beverages do so in moderation
The following section of the presentation details the development of the MyPyramid graphic and materials for consumers.
NOTE: slides #29 42 The final graphic design merged the Pyramid shape, a new pattern of vertical stripes for the food groups, stairs to symbolize physical activity, and a person. Inclusion of a person not only emphasized the physical activity message, but helped to personalize the graphic for consumers. The overall design promotes the concept of finding a balance between food intake and physical activity.
The design is intentionally simple, but still can be used by professionals to demonstrate six essential concepts: activity, proportionality, moderation, variety, personalization, and gradual improvement. [NOTE: more information about each concept is found on the Anatomy of MyPyramid sheet found at www.MyPyramid.gov/downloads/MyPyramid_Anatomy.pdf]
Four of these conceptsvariety, proportionality, moderation, and activitycome directly from recommendations in the Dietary Guidelines and can help to remind consumers of these important concepts. The next few slides show these recommendations from the Dietary Guidelines and how they are translated in the MyPyramid graphic.
One key message that is drawn from the Dietary Guidelines recommendations is variety. In the Dietary Guidelines, eating a variety of nutrient-dense foods and beverages within and among the basic foods groups each day is recommended. In addition, the Guidelines recommend choosing a variety of fruits and vegetables each day.In MyPyramid the basic variety message is portrayed by the different colored bands. [CLICK FOR ANIMATION] These six bands represent the five food groups and oils that are needed each day for health. By color coding the bands, consumers are reminded that different types of foods are all necessary.
NOTE TO PRESENTER: This slide and the following 3 slides include animated elements. Clicking the mouse button where noted in the text will start the animation when the presentation is in slide show mode. If your version of Powerpoint does not support this animation, you will see the static image, as shown above.
Each food group is identified by a unique color. This color is used both in the graphic and in information about that group. USDA encourages professionals to adopt this color coding when educating consumers about each group, so that the colors become tied to the group, for easy reference. Note that, the narrow yellow band in the graphic represents oils. While oils are needed in the diet as a source of important nutrients (essential fatty acids and vitamin E), they are not considered a food group.
Another key message drawn from Dietary Guidelines recommendations is proportionality. In the Dietary Guidelines adopting a balanced eating pattern, such as the USDA food guide* or the DASH eating plan* is recommended. Additional recommendations encourage consumption of more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low fat milk products than are now consumed by most Americans.In MyPyramid the proportionality message is portrayed by the varying thickness of the food group bands. [CLICK FOR ANIMATION] These widths suggest that a person should choose more from the bigger wedges and vice versa. However, these bands do not suggest exact proportions. They are just a general guide for proportions of food one should consume. The actual amounts that are recommended vary by age, sex, and activity level.
*NOTE TO PRESENTER: The term USDA food guide was used in the Dietary Guidelines because MyPyramid had not been released at the time the Guidelines were issued. The USDA food guide is another name for the food intake patterns that form the basis for MyPyramid. DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. More information about the DASH eating plan can be found at (www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/).
NOTE TO PRESENTER: The per day recommendations are intended to be averages over time.Another key message drawn from the Dietary Guideline recommendations is moderation. In the Dietary Guidelines, choosing foods that limit intake of saturated and trans fats, choosing meat, poultry, beans, and milk products that are lean, low-fat, or fat-free, and selecting foods and beverages with little added sugars is recommended.In MyPyramid, moderation is depicted by the narrowing of the bands from bottom to top. [CLICK FOR ANIMATION] Foods within a food group can vary in the amounts of solid fats and added sugars they contain. The bottom, wider portion of each band represents the foods in the most nutrient dense formthat is, containing little or no solid fats and added sugars. The top, narrow end of each band represents foods within the group with more solid fat and added sugars. For example, an apple would be at the bottom of the fruit band, sweetened applesauce higher in the band, and apple pie towards the top.Selecting more foods from the bottom of the bands provides more nutrition from the calories consumed. However, the more active a person becomes the more they can eat items from the narrow end of the band. The fourth message drawn from the Dietary Guidelines is physical activity. In the Dietary Guidelines, regular physical activity is recommended to promote health and mental well-being.In MyPyramid, steps up the side of the Pyramid and a person actively climbing the steps are included to represent the advice to engage in regular physical activity. [CLICK FOR ANIMATION] Physical activity is important to every day living and can improve ones health by reducing the risks for many diseases.
The Dietary Guidelines and MyPyramid encourage adults to engage in at least 30 minutes or more of physical activity on most, preferably all days of the week. For children, the recommendation is 60 minutes on most, preferably all, days of the week.
Two additional messages on the MyPyramid graphic are personalization and gradual improvement. These two concepts were included to foster behavioral change among consumers and encourage implementat