Understanding life processes Wildlife Biology & Ecosystems

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Transcript of Understanding life processes Wildlife Biology & Ecosystems

  • Understanding life processes Wildlife Biology & Ecosystems

  • Next Generation Science / Common Core Standards Addressed!HSLS21. Use mathematical and/or computational representations to support explanations of factors that affect carrying capacity of ecosystems at different scales. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on quantitative analysis and comparison of the relationships among interdependent factors including boundaries, resources, climate and competition. Examples of mathematical comparisons could include graphs, charts, histograms, and population changes gathered from simulations or historical data sets.

  • Bell Work / ObjectivesExplain important life processes of wildlife organisms.Describe the life span stages of wildlife.Distinguish between feeding groups.Describe how ecosystems are important in wildlife biology.

  • TermsAbiotic factorBiophageBiotic factorCarnivoreCirculation DigestionEcosystemEliminationFood Food chainFood web Growth HerbivoreIngestionLife processesLife spanLocomotionomnivore

  • TermsPhotosynthesisReproductionRespirationSaprophageSecretionSensation

  • Age of a TreeHow is the age of a tree determined?Estimate the age of this tree.How does a trees age reflect the life cycle of the tree?Observe a fish scale.What are the layered edges of a fish scale?Are the layers present?

  • What are the life processes of wildlife organisms? Why are these important?Life Processes essential functions of a living organism in order to remain in the living condition. Supporting life processes is a part of managing wildlife populations.When life processes stop, an organism dies.There are eight life processes used in wildlife science.

  • The 8 Life ProcessesGrowthFood (Ingestion, Digestion, Elimination)CirculationRespirationSecretionSensationLocomotionReproduction

  • Life Processes - GrowthThe process of an organism increasing in size by adding cells, by the cells getting larger, or by replacing cells.With young organisms, growth is primarily adding cells to increase size.With mature organisms, growing new cells is needed to replace those that are lost.Growth requires food with essential nutrients.

  • Life Processes - FoodAny substance that nourishes an organismAnimals get their food by swallowing, otherwise known as ingestion.Once ingested, digestion occurs.Digestion process that changes food into forms that can be absorbed by the animal.

  • Life Processes - FoodAfter digestion, elimination occurs.Elimination remaining food materials are expelled from the body. (waste)

    Plants make their food by the process of photosynthesis.

  • Life Processes - CirculationMovement of substances within an organismFood nutrients, digested food, and other substances are involved in circulation.Animals have a circulatory system that involves the heart, and blood vessels.

  • Life Processes - RespirationProcess by which an organism provides its cells with food and oxygen.Oxygen and carbon dioxide are the two primary substances important in respiration.Animals use structures, such as lungs and gills, for respiration.

  • Life Processes - SecretionProduction within an organism of substances needed for life processes.Specialized body structures, known as glands, are often responsible for secretion of hormones or have other specific functions.

  • Life Processes - SensationAbility of an organism to feel or otherwise gather information and respond to its environment.Animals sensation is easier to understand than plants.Animals typically have touch, taste, sight, smell, and hearing.

  • Life Processes - LocomotionThe movement of an animal from one place to another.All organisms have some type of movement. Both internal and external.Internal movements are needed for an organism to carry out life processes.

  • Life Processes ReproductionProcess by which organisms give rise to new organisms of the same species.This is not a life process that is essential for living; however it is essential for a species to perpetuate itself.Reproduction may involve sexual or asexual reproduction.

  • What are the life span stages of wildlife?Life SpanThe period of life of an organism which includes five stages.Beginning / BirthGrowth & DevelopmentMaturityDeclineDeath

  • 5 Life Span StagesThe first stage is the Beginning/BirthWith animals, life span begins with birth or hatching.Most animal babies require some support from their mothers, although some can live without care provided.

  • 5 Life Span StagesThe second stage is Growth & Development.New organisms grow and develop rapidly to reach maturity.If nutritious food is available in an organisms environment, they will typically grow even faster.

  • 5 Life Span StagesThe third stage is Maturity.Mature organisms are fully developed, although some additional growth or changes may occur.Maturity includes the ability to reproduce.

  • 5 Life Span StagesThe fourth stage is DeclineEventually, organisms begin to lose their ability to maintain themselves, and aging sets in. Life processes may occur at a slower rate and the organisms loses its strength and weakens.

  • 5 Life Span StagesThe fifth stage is Death.Death is the end of the life of an organism.The protoplasm in its cells is no longer active.Upon death, an organism decays and the nutrients return to the earth to support future life.

  • What are the different feeding groups?There are two ways feeding groups are classified.Feeding groups can be classified by whether what they eat is living or dead.Feeding groups can also be based on food material that they eat.

  • Classification based on food that is living or dead.Biophage wildlife animal that eats living plants or animals.Saprophage wildlife animal that eats dead animals or plants. They are sometimes known as scavengers. (turkey vulture)

  • Classification based on food material.Herbivore wildlife animal that eats only plant food material.Carnivore wildlife animal that eats only the flesh of other animals. Carnivores are usually the larger animals that prey on the smaller animals.Omnivore wildlife animal that eats both plant and animal material.

  • What is an ecosystem? How are they important in wildlife biology?Ecosystem the community of living and nonliving things in a particular environment or area.Ecosystems may be large or small and include air, water, and land.Ecosystems are always changing. If a drastic change occurs, an organism is forced ot seek a new place to live or it dies.

  • What are the two major factors in an ecosystem?Biotic Factors a living organism, such as an animal or plant. Biotic factors depend on the abiotic factors for life-giving needs.Abiotic Factors nonliving things, such as water, sunlight, and soil. Without abiotic factors, organisms cannot live.

  • EcosystemsEcosystems have an organized energy transfer system.A Food Chain is the sequence in a community in which animal wildlife species get their food. All species have different food chains.The differences in the food chains form unique, interconnected food webs.

  • Review / SummaryWhat are the life processes of wildlife organisms?Why are they important?What are the life span stages of wildlife?What are the different feeding groups?What is an ecosystem?How are they important in wildlife biology?

  • The End!