Ubuntu 12.04 Malayalam user manual - ODT

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.ടി @/ലിന 12.04 (Based on Ubuntu 12.04) സ മാവല താറാിയത: .ടി.@ ാജ , ജര, തിവനരം - 12

Transcript of Ubuntu 12.04 Malayalam user manual - ODT

.@ / 12.04 (Based on Ubuntu 12.04)

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Keyboard layout add ................................................................... 4

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((Users &Groups) ........................... 16

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Disk Utility ......................................................................................................... 21

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Gespeaker ........................................................................................................... 24

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.@ 12.04 OS . ........................... 33

@ @ 12.04. 12.04 . 32 bit , 64 bit . GNOME3 IT@School Edubuntu 10.04 . .

. IT_@_Shool_GNU/Linux_12.04 default GNOME_Classic_(No_effects) . user name GNOME (-), Ubuntu () . . .

@ 12.04 . , (Applications, Places), , , . , . . , Alt . . (GNOME_Classic_(No_effects) GNOME_Classic Alt Left Win key ) Application Launcher Forward Application .

Log Out, Shut Down, indicator applet session ( ) System Settings, Displays, Printers .

, Applications System Setting Appearance . , . Applications System Tools Preferences Advanced Settings Appearence theme, system fonts, , .

Office Packages Ubuntu 10.04 . Applications Office LibreOffice .Applications Office OpenofficeOrg Word Processor Applications Office LibreOffice Writer

Spreadsheet Calc Presentation Impress Database Base .

. . . Data form Data Data Form Data Form .

Keyboard layout add . System settings (Top panel indicator applet session System Setting Applications System tools System Settings)

Keyboard Layout .

Layout Tab + Button Layout Choose . Layout Add Button Keyboard Layout .

Applications Science Kalzium Old . . Kalzium Old ... . 0.9.5 1.3.5 .

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Directions from here, Directions to here . ( )

Address Details .

View Sun Control

0.11.1 0.12.2

/ ( 2)

. Ecliptic J2000(Change in co ordinate system), Galactic plane (galaxy mass distribution).

DSO ( Deep Sky Objects ) .

(default location) . ( 4)

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Disc viewport

Nebula back ground, Flip .

1.7.3 1.8.0

Qgis opt . .

Applications Science Quantum GIS Quantum GIS Browser . Quantum GIS .

New print Composer General, Item, Command History Composition, Item Properties, Command history .

Composition page settings Item Properties , .

( New Shapefile Layer) CRS . Specify CRS . (WGS 84 Zone 43N 32643) 10, 11

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View Decorations Scale bar, North arrow . ( Scale Bar .)

(Attributes) . SpatialQuery . SpatialQuery ( 12) .

( 13) Create layer with List of Item ( 14).

4.0. ( IT@School Ubuntu 10.04 ) . Geogebra Firefox web browser . OpenJDK PhET .: 0.2 . . . : ( Canvas Dimension) . , HD, DV, DVD Presets .

Network Mode : . Tupitube project . Network . File Open project from server .

Flip Tool : Flip . .

Full Screen Mode : . . . Esc .

gThumb. 2.14.3 . . : File Import from folder . Browse (View the Folders) .

Image . Tools . Edit file .

2.0.0 . . . Extract .

Cut, Delete, Trim Edit Remove Audio .

Split, Join Edit Clip Boundaries .

. , , , . , , , , , . Accessories Text Editor OS .

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Desktop Publishing Scribus . .

, . - , eog (Eye of Gnome), Shotwell photo viewer . Applications Graphics . , . Applications Office . default Image Viewer (eog) default application shotwell .

pdf okular .

- . . Movie Player (totem), SM Player, VLC media player . (swf) Gnash SWF Viewer, , . . Time &Date Settings . System Settings Date & Time . , .

((Users &Groups) . . System Settings User Accounts . UnLock .( .) + User Name . , . Account Type Standard, Administrator . Password Account disabled .

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Orca. (Lios). Canon Lide 100 . . LIOS, Sharada braille writer . - . ( ) . ( ). gz, zip, 7z, rar . . . split , split GNOME Split. ( ) . , , .Applications Accessaries Screenshot . . . Grab after a delay Prt Scr . Alt Prt Scr . : Picture - .

. . Kazam Screencaster, RecordMyDesktop, XvidCap . . . Sound & Video Pulse Audio Volume Control . Xvidcap . @ . ML-1640, ML-1660, HP F2488 . . Applet Printers .

. Sample Scan, Xsane Image Scaning Program . Applications Graphics . , . Sound & Video guvcview, Cheese webcam application . , . Edit Connections .

. Places Connect to Server 192.168.1.169 .

. . Internet Gtk-VNC Viewer, Remote Desktop Viewer , Remmina Remote Desktop Viewer .

. Applications Internet Desktop Sharing Applications System Tools Preferences Desktop Sharing Desktop Sharing Prefences .Gtk-VNC Viewer 192.168.1.12 .

Disk Utility ( Hard disk, External storages like CD, Pen drive) . ,

(File Type,Size, etc... ).

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(Mount) - (UnMount) .

SMART : ATA , SCSI Self-Monitoring, Analysis, and Reporting Technology (SMART). SMART , health , performance .

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Ask What to do Movie Player .

OK .OK Movie Play Disc Name of the VCD . . .

Gespeaker , wav - .Applications Sound & Video Gespeaker . , Insert text to play , Play .

Copy / Paste . . . Pitch. Volume, Speed, Delay . wav , Record , , Play , Home .

sudo psswd username ( username ) . . . Recovery Mode

( OS Grub Menu . Grub Menu Shift key )

"Drop to root shell prompt .

mount -rw -o remount / ( )

passwd username ( )( . Ex: passwd its )

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ls /home .

reboot ( )

root . . .

. ( Dont select Recovery Mode)

' e ' .

Linux ro . ( .)

rw init=/bin/bash ' .

F10 . ( Ctrl+X .)

root shell .

mount -rw -o remount / ( )

passwd username ( )( . Ex: passwd its )

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ls /home .

reboot ( )

User Accounts . .sudo userdel -r username (username . Ex: sudo userdel -r its)

IT@School GNU/Linux 12.04 . , MBR . .. boot-repair . . .. Try Ubuntu without installing .

Applications System Tools Administration Synaptic Package Manager .

Settings Repositories .

Updates '' .

Other Software file:///usr/share/local-repository binary '' .Ubuntu Software '' .

.sudo apt-get update ( )

sudo apt-get install boot-repair (boot-repair . .)

boot-repair .sudo boot-repair

"Recommended repair (...)" .

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Start-up-Manager Grub Customizer . .Applications-System Tools -Administrations- Grub Customizer .

General Settings .

Default entry Predefined OS/ kernal .

Save .

, ? ( package index list) . . Synaptic Package Manager Settings Repositories Other Software . / .IT@School GNU/Linux 12.04 . Synaptic Package Manager Settings Repositories Other Software . .Boot Repair,

Firefox (Version 17)

Appache

Gparted

Nvidia Graphics driver

ATI Graphics driver

Broadcom wireless drivers

OpenJDK (Version 6b24-1.11.5-0ubuntu1)

dpkg-repack

( Gparted .)Applications System Tools Administration Synaptic Package Manager .

Settings Repositories .

Ubuntu Software, Other Software Updates '' .

file:///usr/share/local-repository ( .)

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Edit Reload Package information .

gparted .

dpkg-repack, apache .

Nvidia Graphics driver, ATI Graphics driver, Broadcom wireless driver Additional drivers . .

( , ) Additional Drivers. System Settings Additional Drivers . . activate ( enable) .

.@ 12.04 OS . 12.04 IT@School GNU/Linux 12.04 OS () . ( () .) First Boot Device / . BIOS . (Delete / F2 / Esc key ) BIOS . BIOS setup Boot Device Priority First Boot Device CD/DVD Drive . ( F10 . )

Operating System Disk ( IT@School GNU/Linux 12.04 OS DVD) .

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Try Ubuntu .

Install Ubuntu .

Try Ubuntu Live session ( Administration ) Install Ubuntu .

Install Ubuntu , . Continue . (Internet connection Installation ) OS Partition , Partition Something else Continue button .Hard disk Partitioning . . . . . ( .)

File systemMount point

(root partition)ext4/20 GB ()

(home partition)ext4/home

RAM (Swap partition)Swap areaRAM ( )

UEFI GPT 100 MB EFI boot . Free space . Free space . () Resize Free space . sda1, sda2, sda3, .. hda1, hda2, hda3, .. .

2 (sda1, sda2) 3 (sda5, sda6, sda7) .

Root partition .Hard Disk Free space Add . Free space Delete Button Free space . ( data ). Window . New partition size root partition size ( 20000 MB) . Use as Ext4 journaling file system . Mount point root / OK Swap partition . Free space Add New partition size size .(RAM space swap . 4 GB RAM swap 5000 MB.)Use as swap area OK Home partition .Free space Add

New partition size size . ( space ) use as Ext4 journaling file system mount point /home OK . Device for boot loader . ( /dev/sda) boot . Install Now . location . Kolkata Continue button . window, keyboard Layout . English(US) Continue button . user name password . user name . Choose a password .

Continue .Migrate documents and settings window Continue . window Installer .

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Restart Now . . . IT@School GNU/Linux 12.04 Install . System boot Installation Username, Password Login

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