Types of Roller Coasters

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  • 8/7/2019 Types of Roller Coasters


    Types of Roller Coasters




    There are many different types of roller

    coasters. A roller coasters type depends on

    the design of the track and the design of the

    car. Some roller coasters only became

    famous because of their unique design. An

    example of one roller coaster would

    be X2 at Six

    Flags, Magic Mountain in California.

    Below are the most common types of roller coasters. To see

    more types click here Types of Coasters 2


    A suspension roller coaster is where the track is above

    the speeding car as shown in the picture at the right.

    Suspension roller coasters are unique because when the

    car goes through an inversion (ex. Loop , Corkscrew,

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    etc.), the inversion seems flipped in a way, giving you a new perspective. Cars

    usually hang (in-place) with rows of four. Usually contains many inversions.

    Regular Steel

    A steel roller coaster is your basic up,

    down, side-to-side roller coaster made

    (almost)completely out of steel. They

    can also have an inversion here and

    there. Usually smooth with cars that

    have rows of two. It is the most

    common type of roller coaster in the

    world today.


    Wooden coasters are also very

    unique because they

    are America s past time of

    roller coasters and are

    technically the first type of

    roller coaster that ever existed.

    Because of this they are often

    very low tech. Most wooden

    coasters, unfortunately, cannot

    do any inversions. They can

    only turn and go up and down.

    This is because the wooden

    coasters cars only have 8 wheels on each car instead of 12 wheels like steel roller

    coasters do (depending on the design, though, these numbers can change due tounique car design). To see a diagram and an explanation of why a wooden coaster

    has less wheels than a steel coaster and what it has to do with inversions, click

    here Steel Car Vs. Wooden Car

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    You might also think wooden coasters are made completely

    out of wood but, there not! There is actually a thin, steel

    rectangle that acts as the track through out the whole ride

    that the cars ride on. You see that dark spot on the track in

    the picture? I put that there to show you the metal


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    Suspended Swinging

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    A suspended swinging coaster is a steel coaster that is a close relative to the

    suspended coaster. Actually, it is a suspended coaster but the only difference is

    the car design. On a suspended coaster, the car

    body is mounted on hinges that connect to the

    main car that rides on the track. Because of this,

    the car is free to swing in a horizontal motion.

    But to keep the car from breaking off the hinges

    because of too large a motion, air pistons

    (inactive) are used to make this swinging motion

    smoother and slower with out diminishing the

    effect. This unique car design allows turns to

    have more "thrill" in them becuase you swing

    with the turns (trust me, it's pritty cool). The is

    one down fall to this design though, there are no inversions. This is because of

    safty measures. For example, if the train gets stuck at the top of a loop the car

    will lean to one side too far and actually break the hinge from too much weight.

    Cars are usualy seat people two per row.

    Steel Stand Up

    A steel stand up coaster is a steel coaster you stand up in!

    Thats basically all it is but I wonder how it was

    conceaved? Maby the people who make coasters finnaly

    thought that all those people that are told not to stand up

    in a regular coaster and got their heads banged offdeserved a coaster for themselves . On stand up

    coasters you can break that rule about standing up and do

    it all you want; seriously! Standing up also gives you new

    and exciting veiws and feelings on different inversions and

    turns thoughout the ride. The cars are also different. Most

    stand up rides have a bicycle like seats between you and

    the shoulder harnests to keep you from falling out. The seats also adjust to your

    height for further comfort. (Picture: Riddler's Revenge ~ Six Flags - Magic

    Mountain -- Velencia, CA.)

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    Steel Flying



    Steel Boomarang

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    re-invented the betterment of roller coaster. I just wanted to share few stuff about Roller coaster that

    I mad myself aware of and wanted to you share with you folks. Here we go.

    How does it Work?

    If youre tech savvy, there are few more exhilarating classrooms about roller coaster. To get it on

    Bulls eye, Roller coasters are driven almost entirely by basic inertial, gravitational and centripetal

    forces, all manipulated in the service of a great ride. Amusement parks keep upping the ante, building

    faster and more complex roller coasters, but the fundamental principles at work remain the same. In

    this discussion, well examine the basic principles that keep coaster cars flying around on their tracks.

    Well also look at the hardware that keeps everything running, as well as the other pieces that make

    the ride quite a lot of fun.

    History of Roller Coaster

    Roller coasters have a long, fascinating history. The direct ancestors of roller coasters were

    monumental ice slides; long, steep wooden slides covered in ice, some as high as 70 feet that were

    popular in Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries. Riders shot down the slope in sleds made out of

    wood or blocks of ice, crash-landing in a sand pile. Coaster historians diverge on the exact evolution of

    these ice slides into actual rolling carts. The most widespread account is that a few entrepreneurial

    Frenchmen imported the ice slide idea to France. The warmer climate of France tended to melt the ice,

    so the French started building waxed slides instead, eventually adding wheels to the sleds. In 1817,

    the Russes a Belleville (Russian Mountains of Belleville) became the first roller coaster where the train

    was attached to the track (in this case, the train axle fit into a carved groove). The French continued

    to expand on this idea, coming up with more complex track layouts, with multiple cars and all sorts of

    twists and turns

    The first American roller coaster was the Mauch Chunk Switchback Railway, built in the mountains of

    Pennsylvania in the mid-1800s. The track, originally built to send coal to a railway, was reconfigured

    as a scenic tour. For one dollar, tourists got a leisurely ride up to the top of the mountain followedby a wild, bumpy ride back down. Over the next 30 years, these scenic rides continued to thrive and

    were joined by wooden roller coasters similar to the ones we know today. These coasters were the

    main attraction at popular amusement parks throughout the United States, such as Kennywood Park

    in Pennsylvania and Coney Island in New York. By the 1920s, roller coasters were in full swing, with

    some 2,000 rides in operation around the country.

    Real thrill experience

    This simulator is designed for people who want to design their own thrilling coaster and educators who

    want to use a cool activity to simulate the application of physics by using an exciting interactive tool

    and access to a wonderful reference source.

    It is your mission to design the coaster so that you can achieve maximum thrills and chills withoutcrashing or flying off the track (unless thats how you like your coaster to work!).

    If you accept this mission you must decide on a number of factors. You are responsible for setting the

    controls for the height of hill #1, hill #2, and the size of the loop, the initial speed of the coaster, its

    mass, the gravity at work and the amount of friction on the track.

    This tool offers a great way to play a roller coaster game, and learn while doing it. Hopefully youll

    enjoy this simulation and it will encourage you to think about how simulations can help you improve

    the way you teach.

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    Roller Coaster Components

    At first glance, a roller coaster i