TX History Ch 5.1

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Transcript of TX History Ch 5.1

  • 1. Chapter 5.1: Europeans Reach the Americas

2. Columbus Sails to America

  • Europeans wanted goods from Asia
  • All-water route sought

Christopher Columbus 3. Columbus Sails to America

  • King Ferdinand & Isabella supported expedition
  • Hoped Columbus would finda westerly route to Asia

Columbus lands in the New World 4. Christopher Columbus landed inSan Salvador(Hispaniola) on his first voyage. 5. Spanish Conquest in America

  • Spanish hope to take control of America
  • Wealth & Power
  • Spread Christianity

6. Spanish Conquest in America

  • Conquistador soldiers and adventurers in search of glory, gold, and land

7. Spanish Conquest in America

  • Guns, armor, helmets, muskets, rode horses
  • Superior military technology

Conquistador 8. Cortes Marches Through Mexico

  • Hernan Cortes conqueror of the Aztec empire

Hernan Cortes 9. Cortes Marches Through Mexico

  • 1519: Lands in present-day Mexico
  • Told of Aztec Empire made conquering it his goal

Cortes 10. Cortes Marches Through Mexico

  • Pigs were first brought to America bySpanish explorers

11. Cortes Marches Through Mexico

  • Moctezuma II ruler of the Aztec Empire

Moctezuma II 12. Cortes Conquers the Aztec

  • Aztecs had lots of gold, silver, & gems
  • May 1521:Cortes and allies attack
  • August 1521:Aztecs conquered

13. Cortes Conquers the Aztec

  • Cortes builds Mexico City upon the ruins of Tenochtitlan
  • Mexico future starting point of exploration of Americas

14. Spanish Conquest of the Americas