TX History Ch 20.3

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Transcript of TX History Ch 20.3

  • 1. Chapter 20:The Indian Wars Section 3:The Red River War

2. The Battle of Adobe Walls

  • Spring 1874:Situation desperate for Plains Indians
  • Isatai calls for war to drive out buffalo hunters
  • June 1874:Plains Indians leaders, including Quanah Parker & Lone Wolf meet

Quanah Parker 3. The Battle of Adobe Walls

  • Target trading post at Adobe Walls
  • Battle of Adobe Walls where 700 Indians attacked a trading post and were defeated by fewer than 30 whites with buffalo guns

4. The caption on this illustration reads: "Glistening with war paint and decked in his battle raiment, every Indian believed that he galloped to certain victory." The Battle of Adobe Walls,"Pearson's Magazine , January 1908. 5. The Battle of Adobe Walls

  • Four defenders died
  • 12 to 30 Indians died
  • Plains Indians launch attacks in CO, KS, NM, OK, & TX

6. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Gen. William T. Sherman ordered to attack raiding Indians wherever foundthe Reservation lines should be no barrier.
  • Gens. Sherman & Sheridan organize campaign to remove Indians

General William T. Sherman 7. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • August 1874:army begins offensive known as Red River War
  • 3000 troops divided into 5 groups headed toward Indian villages along upper Red River

8. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Texas Rangers participated
  • Col. Nelson Miles led force of 750 soldiers against 600 Cheyenne who escaped in late August

9. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Maj. William Price defeated a band of Indians near Sweetwater Creek
  • Col. John Davidson & LTC George Buells forces destroyed many Indian villages and forced many Indians onto reservations

10. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Col. Ranald S. Mackenzie learned that Comanche, Kiowa, &Cheyenne are camping in Palo Duro Canyon

Palo Duro Canyon 11. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Sept. 28, 1874:Mackenzie & 500 troops enter canyon
  • Launch surprise attack against villages
  • Killed three Comanche

Ranald Mackenzie 12. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Mackenzie defeated the Comanche at Palo Duro Canyon bydestroying their villages, horses & supplies
  • Flee out on the Plains

13. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Leave behind supplies, including 1400 horses
  • Mackenzie ordered horses shot
  • Ordered men to burn villages

14. The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon

  • Battle of Palo Duro Canyon battle which finally defeated the Texas Plains Indians by wiping out their horses, villages, & supplies
  • Indians left with no choice but to accept reservation life