Tx history-ch-20.3

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  • Chapter 20: The Indian WarsSection 3: The Red River War

  • The Battle of Adobe WallsSpring 1874: Situation desperate for Plains Indians

    Isatai calls for war to drive out buffalo hunters

    June 1874: Plains Indians leaders, including Quanah Parker & Lone Wolf meet

    Quanah Parker

  • The Battle of Adobe WallsTarget trading post at Adobe Walls

    Battle of Adobe Wallswhere 700 Indians attacked a trading post and were defeated by fewer than 30 whites with buffalo guns

  • The caption on this illustration reads: "Glistening with war paint and decked in his battle raiment, every Indian believed that he galloped to certain victory." The Battle of Adobe Walls," Pearson's Magazine, January 1908.

  • The Battle of Adobe WallsFour defenders died

    12 to 30 Indians died

    Plains Indians launch attacks in CO, KS, NM, OK, & TX

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonGen. William T. Sherman ordered to attack raiding Indians wherever foundthe Reservation lines should be no barrier.

    Gens. Sherman & Sheridan organize campaign to remove Indians

    General William T. Sherman

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonAugust 1874: army begins offensive known as Red River War

    3000 troops divided into 5 groups headed toward Indian villages along upper Red River

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonTexas Rangers participated

    Col. Nelson Miles led force of 750 soldiers against 600 Cheyenne who escaped in late August

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonMaj. William Price defeated a band of Indians near Sweetwater Creek

    Col. John Davidson & LTC George Buells forces destroyed many Indian villages and forced many Indians onto reservations

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonCol. Ranald S. Mackenzie learned that Comanche, Kiowa, & Cheyenne are camping in Palo Duro Canyon

    Palo Duro Canyon

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonSept. 28, 1874: Mackenzie & 500 troops enter canyon

    Launch surprise attack against villages

    Killed three Comanche

    Ranald Mackenzie

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonMackenzie defeated the Comanche at Palo Duro Canyon by destroying their villages, horses & supplies

    Flee out on the Plains

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonLeave behind supplies, including 1400 horses

    Mackenzie ordered horses shot

    Ordered men to burn villages

  • The Battle of Palo Duro CanyonBattle of Palo Duro Canyonbattle which finally defeated the Texas Plains Indians by wiping out their horses, villages, & supplies

    Indians left with no choice but to accept reservation life