Transhumans: Technology Powered Superhumans

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Transhumanism is the belief or theory that the human race can evolve beyond its current physical and mental limitations by means of science and technology. The more we explored this subject, the more we got fascinated to see how people are riding on the current era technologies to surpass the capabilities of human body. If the current explorations in transhumanism are anything to go by, then, we believe the future will be very exciting! In this report we explore the various technologies, people involved and the advancements made in the field of Transhumanism. We would love to hear your feedback, comments and suggestions. Please mail us at

Transcript of Transhumans: Technology Powered Superhumans

  • Transhumans Technology Powered Superhumans @2013, ICE, All rights reserved
  • Transhumanism is the belief or theory that the human race can evolve beyond its current physical and mental limitations by means of science and technology.
  • History
  • Transhumanist Technologies @2013, ICE, All rights reserved
  • Cryonics is the high-fidelity preservation of a human body, particularly the brain after death, in anticipation of possible future revival. Cryonics is an important Transhumanist technology not only because it is available today, but also the technology is relatively mature where we can reliably stop cells from decaying.
  • Virtual Reality is a computer simulated environment where reality simulations become so immersive in high-resolution that they are indistinguishable from the real thing. Simulations become the preferred environments for work and play. The main obstacle to truly immersive virtual reality is not the visuals but the haptics, i.e., our sense of touch.
  • Gene Therapy is replacing bad genes with good genes, and RNA Interference can selectively knock out gene expression. Together, they give an unprecedented ability to manipulate ones own genetic code. Like many Transhumanist technologies, gene therapy is exciting because its just beginning. No scientist has yet performed gene therapy on germ line cells (sexual cells) due to the ethical controversy of producing genetic changes which are heritable, but, as with many of these things, its only a matter of time.
  • Space colonization is closely related to Transhumanism through the mutual association of futurist philosophy. It is believed that embrace of transhumanism will be necessary to colonize space. Human beings arent designed to live in space as our physiological issues with it are manifold. E.g., we could melt on the surface of Venus or could freeze on the surface of Mars. The only reasonable solution is to upgrade our bodies.
  • Cyborg is a cybernetic organism, constructed of mechanized and organic material. The trend of Cyborgs started with mechanized body part implants for the handicapped, e.g. Prosthetic mechanized body parts, but many human beings have embraced voluntary infusion of technology with their physical bodies. Many Cyborgs today have capabilities beyond human beings which include hearing and vision enhancement, metabolic enhancement, artificial bones, organs, and even brain-computer interfaces that can be implanted beneath the skin, invisible to the casual observer.
  • Self Replication in Robots According to a NASA study for Advanced Automation for Space Missions, self replication in robots is a matter of engineering and no fundamental theoretical breakthroughs are needed. By creating autonomous replicating procedures, colonization in space also is possible.
  • Molecular Nanotechnology is the ability to build structures to complex atomic specifications from distinct materials. This leads to a concept called Nanofactory. In practical terms, the creation of Nanofactory would mean that practically everything could be made out of Diamond. Motors would become so powerful that a cubic centimeter would provide enough torque to propel a car. Medical Nanodevices could heal wounds and repair organs without the need for surgery, and air-suspended Nanodevices could be configured to simulate practically any desired object on demand.
  • Megascale Engineering refers to building structures at least 1,000 km in length in one dimension, e.g., A Space Elevator or Green Skyscrapers. The production of such large structures could be done with emerging technologies like Self Replicating Robots and Autonomous Drones . Megascale Engineering goes hand-in-hand with the grandiose Transhumanist vision: intelligent beings spreading across the cosmos, and eventually shaping the very structure of the universe itself.
  • Mind Uploading is the process of copying or transferring a conscious mind from a brain to a non-biological substrate by scanning and mapping a biological brain in detail and copying its information and computational state into a computer system or another computational device. By incrementally replacing each neuron with a synthetic neuronequivalent, the whole process of uploading the data from a brain can go down painlessly and seamlessly. The transfer could be as slow or as fast as we want; from the information-processing perspective of the brain itself, nothing ever changes.
  • Artificial intelligence (AI) is a technology that studies and develops intelligent machines and software. The AI field, a branch of computer science, was founded on the claim that a central ability of humans can be so precisely described that it can be simulated by a machine. It encompasses a systems thinking, feeling, imagination, creation, communication, and thoughtful synthetic intelligences with conscious experiences.
  • Singularity is a future period during which the pace of technological change will be so rapid, its impact so deep, that human life will be irreversibly transformed. Proponents of Singularity postulate an intelligence explosion, where super intelligence and successive generations of increasingly powerful minds might occur very quickly and might not stop until the cognitive abilities greatly surpass that of any human being.
  • Neuro-hacking is the colloquial term for (usually personal or DIY) Neuro-engineering. It is a form of bio-hacking that is focused on the brain and central nervous system. It is any method of manipulating or interfering with the structure and/or function of neurons for improvement or repair. The reasons for Neuro-hacking can be improving mental health, information retrieval and addition of information.
  • Notable Transhumanism Thinkers @2013, ICE, All rights reserved
  • Ray Kurzweil Raymond "Ray" Kurzweil (born February 12, 1948) is an American author, inventor, futurist and a director of engineering at Google. He has written books on health, artificial intelligence (AI), transhumanism, the technological singularity, and futurism. Kurzweil is a public advocate for the futurist and Transhumanist movements, as has been displayed in his vast collection of public talks, wherein he has shared his primarily optimistic outlooks on life extension technologies and the future of nanotechnology, robotics, and biotechnology.
  • Hans Moravec Hans Moravec (born November 30, 1948, Kautzen, Austria) is an adjunct faculty member at the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University. He is known for his work on robotics, artificial intelligence, and writings on the impact of technology. Moravec is also a futurist with many of his publications and predictions focusing on transhumanism. Moravec developed techniques in computer vision for determining the region of interest (ROI) in a scene. The Region of Interest in a 4D dataset is the outline of an object at or during a particular time interval.
  • Natasha Vita More Natasha Vita-More (born February 23, 1950 as Nancie Clark) is an American designer and theorist. She is designer and author of "Primo Posthuman, a future whole body prototype. VitaMore is an adjunct professor at the for-profit University of Advancing Technology (2012-current), and a Fellow of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies. She is currently Chairman of the Board of Directors of Humanity+.
  • Max More Max More (born Max T. O'Connor, January 1964) is a philosopher and futurist who writes, speaks, and consults on advanced decision-making about emerging technologies. In a 1990 essay Transhumanism: Toward a Futurist Philosophy, he introduced the term Transhumanism in its modern sense. More is also noted for his writings about the impact of new and emerging technologies on businesses and other organizations.
  • Ben Goertzel Ben Goertzel (born December 8, 1966, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) is an American author and researcher in the field of artificial intelligence. Goertzel stated that he is a founding member of the Transhumanist Order of Cosmic Engineers and that he has signed up with Alcor to have his body frozen after his death, and that he expects to live essentially indefinitely barring some catastrophic accident. He also promoted the OpenCog project which aims at building an open source general artificial intelligence engine.
  • Nick Bostrom (born Niklas Bostrm on 10 March 1973) is a Swedish philosopher at St. Cross College, University of Oxford, and is known for his work on existential risk and the anthropic principle. He is currently