Toward Transparent Governance Reinventing the Government

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    Towards Participatory andTransparent Governance:Reinventing Government

    Publication based on

    6th Global Forum on Reinventing Government:Towards Participatory and Transparent Governance

    26-27 May 2005, Seoul, Republic of Korea

    Department of Economic and Social Affairs

    Division for Public Administration and Development Management

    ST/ESA/PAD/SSER.E/75

    United Nations

    New York, 2007

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    DESA

    Te Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat

    is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmentalspheres and national action. Te Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it

    compiles, generates and analyses a wide range of economic, social and environmental

    data and information on which States Members of the United Nations draw to review

    common problems and to take stock of policy options; (ii) it facilitates the negotiations

    of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint course of action to address

    ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises interested Governments on

    the ways and means of translating policy frameworks developed in United Nations

    conferences and summits into programmes at the country level and, through technicalassistance, helps build national capacities.

    Note

    Te designations employed and the presentation of the material in this

    publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on thepart of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of

    any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the

    delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

    Te designations developed and developing economics are intended

    for statistical convenience and do not necessarily imply a judgment about

    the state reached by a particular country or area in the development

    process.

    Te term country as used in the text of this publication also refers, asappropriate, to territories or areas.

    Te term dollar normally refers to the United States dollar ($).

    Te views expressed are those of the individual authors and do not

    imply any expression of opinion on the part of the United Nations or its

    Member States.

    S/ESA/PAD/SSER.E/75

    United Nations publication

    Sales No. E.07.II.H.6

    ISBN 978-92-1-123165-6

    Copyright United Nations, 2007

    All rights reserved

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    iii

    Contents

    Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv

    Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v

    Executive Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii

    Part One: Overview of the 6th Global Forum on

    Reinventing Government

    Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    Main Theme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    Major Areas of Focus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

    Format of the 6th Global Forum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    International Participation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

    Part Two: The Capacity Development Workshops:

    Objectives, Experiences and Policy Outcomes

    Public Service Ethics and Trust in Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    Governance-Oriented Innovations to Enhance State Capacity . . . . . . . . . 27

    Access To Services for All through Participation and Transparency . . . . . . 35

    E-Government as a Tool for Participation and Transparency . . . . . . . . . . 42

    Auditing for Social Change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

    Representative Democracy, Participatory Methods,

    and Capacity Development for Responsible Politics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

    Corporate Governance, Market Economy, and Accountability . . . . . . . . . 58

    Decentralization and Local Autonomy for Participatory Democracy . . . . . . . 67

    The Role of Civil Society Organisations in Localizing

    the Millennium Development Goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

    Part Three: Conclusion

    Synthesis of Workshop Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

    Outcomes of the Forum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

    Part Four: Annexes

    List of Partner Institutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

    Agenda for 6th Global Forum on Reinventing Government. . . . . . . . . . . 92The Seoul Declaration on Participatory

    and Transparent Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

    Acronyms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

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    Acknowledgements

    Tis publication was prepared under the overall responsibility of Guido Bertucci, Direc-tor of the Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM)

    of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) and G.

    Shabbir Cheema, Principal Advisor and Global Forum Coordinator.

    Aisha Ghaus-Pasha and Meredith Rowen are the co-authors and editors. Mrs. Ghaus-

    Pasha is an experienced researcher in social and economic development and policy analy-

    sis. She has been on the board of Directors and the Senior echnical Advisor of the Social

    Policy Development Centre (SPDC) in Karachi, Pakistan. She has served as a consul-

    tant to several international multilateral and bilateral organizations. Mrs. Ghaus-Pashahas also published extensively in the areas of governance and public finance. Meredith

    Rowen currently serves as a Governance and Public Administration Officer in the United

    Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA).

    Tis publication emerged from the presentations and discussions of nine capacity devel-

    opment workshops, which examined the theme of participatory and transparent gover-

    nance as part of the 6th Global Forum on Reinventing Government. In May 2005, the

    United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) organized these

    workshops in cooperation with the Institutional Partners Group (IPG), which comprisesmembers of the UN system and external organizations.

    Members of the Institutional Partners Group (IPG) which contributed to the 6th Global

    Forum workshops and this publication included the United Nations Department of

    Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), the United Nations Development Programme

    (UNDP), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UNHABIA), the

    United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF), the Organisation for Economic Co-opera-

    tion and Development (OECD), the World Bank Group, the Ash Institute for Demo-

    cratic Governance and Innovation of the Kennedy School of Government at HarvardUniversity, the Board of Audit and Inspection of Korea (BAI), the Formez Study and

    raining Centre of Italy, the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assis-

    tance (IDEA), the International Institute of Administrative Sciences (IIAS), the Korea

    Institute of Public Administration (KIPA), the Korea Development Institute School of

    Public Policy and Management (KDI), the Korea Research Institute for Local Adminis-

    tration (KRILA), the Korean Association for Public Administration (KAPA), the Min-

    istry of Public Administration of the Republic of Italy, the Ministry of Government

    Administration and Home Affairs of the Republic of Korea (MOGAHA), the National

    Computerization Agency (NCA), ransparency International (I), and the World Alli-

    ance for Citizen Participation (CIVICUS). Te authors offer their express thanks to the

    coordinators of each of these institutions for the organization of the capacity develop-

    ment workshops and the development of their final reports, upon which the present

    publication is based.

    iv

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    v

    Foreword

    In our efforts to strengthen the contributions of States, civil society, the private sec-

    tor, and international institutions to advancing a vision of larger freedom, we must

    ensure that all involved assume their responsibilities to turn good words into good

    deeds. We therefore need new mechanisms to ensure accountability the accounta-

    bility of States to their citizens, of States to each other, of international institutions to

    their members and of the present generation to the future generations. Where there

    is accountability, we will progress; where there is none, we will under-perform.

    Kofi A. AnnanSecretary-General (1997-2006)

    In Larger Freedom: oward Security, Development,and Human Rights for All

    Te development community is in the midst of an unprecedented era of

    accountability, affirmation, and action. Accounta