Touseef Abbas Presentation

of 47

  • date post

    27-Feb-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    214
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Touseef Abbas Presentation

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    1/47

    TTT4160-1Mobile

    CommunicationsProfessor Geir E. ien

    IET, NTN

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    2/47

    !utline

    Course Info an" bac#$roun"

    Course %&llabus

    'ireless (istor& an" Tren"s'ireless )ision for t*e +uture

    Tec*nical C*allen$es

    Current 'ireless %&stemsEmer$in$ 'ireless %&stems

    %ectrum e$ulation

    %tan"ar"iation

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    3/47

    Course Information/Peole

    ecturer/

    Prof. Geir E. ien, room C42, Ele#troblo## C. Tlf/ 2413.

    Mail/ oieniet.ntnu.no.

    Teac*in$ 5ssistants/

    %bastien "e la et*ulle "e &*o7e, room C31b,Ele#troblo## C. Tlf/ 26288. Mail/ "ela#et*iet.ntnu.no.

    C*an$mian 'an$, room C31b, Ele#troblo## C. Tlf/ 2680.Mail/ c*an$miaiet.ntnu.no.

    mailto:delaketh@iet.ntnu.nomailto:delaketh@iet.ntnu.no
  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    4/47

    cont9"

    Prere:uisites/ TTT41;3 Information t*eor&,co"in$ an" comression < TTT410 =i$italCommunications >or forei$n e:ui7alents?

    e:uire" Te@tboo#/Wireless Communications, b& Prof.Andrea J.

    Goldsmith>Cambri"$e ni7ersit& Press,a7ailable at Tair boo#store?

    Class (omea$e/*tt/AABBB.iet.ntnu.noAcoursesAttt4160AN Bebsite not &et u"ate"...D

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    5/47

    Course ac#$roun"

    T*is course is artl& base" on a course B*ic* *as been "e7eloe"an" tau$*t reeate"l& b& ProfessorAndrea Goldsmith>te@tboo#aut*or? at %tanfor" ni7ersit& in t*e ast "eca"e.

    Presentation Bill be artl& base" on material from t*e %tanfor"course >cre"its to Prof.Homayoun Hashemifor some of t*esli"es?.

    %ulements from locall& "e7eloe" course an" $uest lecturers.

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    6/47

    E@ercises/ !ne comulsor& mi"termF e@ercise, t*e rest 7oluntar& Mostl& Britten e@ercises, but ossibl& also some in Matlab later E@ercises Bill be assi$ne" "urin$ lectures, an" are "ue ne@t

    Mon"a& before 1; am for t*ose B*o Bant t*eir ansBers c*ec#e"b& t*e T.5.

    No e@ercise assi$ne" to"a&/ rst on Mon"a&, Hanuar& 13t*. (el from teac*in$ assistant Bill be $i7en in E4, Tues"a&s

    16.13 - 1.00 >rst on Hanuar& 16t*?. E@ercise sessions >e@cet rst?/ Combination of re7ieB of last

    Bee#9s e@ercise < *el Bit* t*e current Bee#9s.

    E@am/ 'ritten e@am, 02.00 - 1.00, %atur"a&, Hune ;n",;008

    Gra"in$/ 5 - + scale, base" on nal e@am onl&

    Course Information,continue"

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    7/47

    TentativeCourse

    %&llabus !7er7ieB of 'ireless Communications >C*. 1? A1-08 Pat* oss an" %*a"oBin$ >C*. ;? 13A1-08 %tatistical +a"in$ Mo"els >C*. ? ;;A1-08 Caacit& of 'ireless C*annels >C*. 4.1 - 4..1? ;2A1-08 =i$ital Mo"ulation an" its Performance >C*. 3C*. 2.1 - 2.4? 1;A-08 =i7ersit& >C*. 8.1 - 8.? 12A-08 %rea" %ectrum >C*. 1? ;6A-08 < 16A4-08 Cellular %&stems an" Infrastructure-ase" 'ireless NetBor#s >C*. 13? ;A4-08 T*e G%M %&stem >$uest lecture b& =r.Magne Pettersen, Telelan? 0A4-08

    N!TE 1/ 5 more "etaile" s&llabus Bill be *an"e" out toBar"s t*e en" of t*ecourse.

    N!TE ;/ Most of t*e rest of t*e boo# Bill be co7ere" b& t*e in-"et* mo"ule>s#all-emne? ommuni#asJons- o$ #o"in$steori for trK"lLse #analerF, fall;008.

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    8/47

    'ireless >Pre-?(istor& Pre-historic times: smoke signals, bonfres,lighthouses, torches1895: frst radio transmission (Marconi, sle o! "ight,18 mile distance#

    1915: "ireless $oice transmission establishedbet%een &an 'rancisco and e% )ork19*5: +rthur larke(sci-f %riter# suggestsgeostationary satellites19*.: Public mobile tele/hon0 introduced in 5 2&

    cities19*3: n$ention o! cellular conce/t (+44#1953: 'irst de/lo0ed communication satellite(&/utnik, &o$iet 2nion#19.6: 'irst de/lo0ed geostationar0 satellite (+&+#

    1931: 'irst /acket-based radio net%ork (+7+4,2ni$ o! a%aii#

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    9/47

    'ireless (istor&,cont9"

    +irst Mobile a"io Tele*one 12;4

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    10/47

    Pre-Cellular 'ireless

    !ne *i$*l&-ele7ate", *i$*-oBere"antenna in a lar$e ser7ice area

    %mall number of c*annels >feBusers?

    5nalo$ transmission, ineicient

    use of sectrum >no fre:uenc&reuse?

    )er& loB caacit&, oBer-ineicient

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    11/47

    T*e Cellular Concet

    asic

    Princiles/+re:uenc& e-useCell %littin$

    >+irst roose" b&D.H. Ringat ell

    aboratories, NH,

    %5 in 1248.?

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    12/47

    Cellular -Imlementation

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    13/47

    Cellular -Imlementation

    NB: Not entirely wireless since

    base stations are connected bywired network!

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    14/47

    e-use c*annels to ma@imiecaacit&

    Geo$ra*ic re$ions are "i7i"e" into cells +re:uenciesAtimeslotsAco"es reusedat satiall& searate" locations. N! Co"channel inter#erence>betBeen same-color cells beloB?. ase stationsAMT%!s >Mobile Tele*one %Bitc*in$ !ices? coor"inate hando$ and controlfunctions %*rin#in$ cell sie increases caacit& - but also netBor#in$ bur"en..

    BASE

    STATION

    MTSO

    ll l *

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    15/47

    Cellular P*oneNetBor#s

    %%

    MT%!

    P%TN

    MT%!

    %

    San Francisco

    New YorkInternet

    PSTN: Public Service

    Telephone Network

    * i l

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    16/47

    T*e 'irelesse7olution

    Cellular is t*e fastest $roBin$ sector of communication in"ustr&>e@onential $roBt* since 12;, Bit* o7er ; billion usersBorl"Bi"e to"a&?

    Mo"ern-"a& $enerationsF of Bireless >re-cellular/ 0G?/

    +irst Generation>1G - e@. NMT, ca. 12; - ?/ 5nalo$ ;3 or 0 ( +M,

    7oice onl&, mostl& 7e*icular communications. %econ" Generation>;G - e@. G%M, ca. 122 - ?/ NarroBban" T=M5 an"

    C=M5, 7oice an" loB bit-rate "ata, ortable units.

    ;.3G - ;.83G/ En*ancements to ;G netBor# for increase" "atatransmission caabilities >e@. GP% < E=GE, ca. ;000 - ?.

    T*ir" Generation>G - MT%AIMT-;000, ca. ;00; - ?/ 'i"eban" T=M5an" C=M5, 7oice an" *i$* bit-rate "ata, ortable units

    4t* Generation >4GAG, ca. ;010 - ?/ ... (etero$eneous netBor# ofse7eral interactin$ s&stemsAnetBor#s, not one "e"icate" netBor#O"i7erse, a"7ance", a"ati7e air interfaces, rotocols, an" resourceallocation mec*anismsO multitu"e of ser7ices inclu"in$ *i$*-caacit&multime"ia?

    l" l

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    17/47

    'orl" Telecom%tatistics

    Crosso7er *aene" in Ma& ;00;...D

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    18/47

    %ubscribers b& Tec*nolo$&- as of Hune ;006

    ;.41 illion Cellular Customers 'orl"Bi"e

    G%MAMT% totals ;. of t*is >G%M "ominates?

    (PD: Personal Diital ellular"

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    19/47

    =istribution as of Hune;006

    G%M G * 122

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    20/47

    G%M GroBt* - 122 toHune ;006

    E i i

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    21/47

    E@citin$=e7eloments

    Internet an" lato use e@lo"in$

    'ireless 5Ns an" P5Ns $roBin$ rai"l&

    (u$e cell *one oularit& Borl"Bi"eEmer$in$ s&stems suc* as luetoot*,

    ', Qi$bee, an" 'iM5R oenin$ neB"oors

    Militar& an" securit& Bireless nee"s Imortant inter"iscilinar& alications

    %ensor netBor#s

    N # >T*

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    22/47

    NetBor#s >T*e'ireless )ision?

    'ireless InternetaccessNt* $eneration

    Cellular'ireless 5" (ocNetBor#s%ensor NetBor#s'irelessEntertainment

    %mart(omesA%aces5utomate"(i$*Ba&s5ll t*is an" moreS

    Ubiquitous Communication Among People and Devices

    (ar" =ela& Constra

    (ar" Ener$& Constr

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    23/47

    =esi$n C*allen$es

    T*e Bireless c*annel is a "iicult an" caacit&-limite" broa"cast communications me"iumD

    Traic atterns, user locations, an" netBor#con"itions are constantl& c*an$in$...

    Traic is nonstationar&, bot* in sace an" intime

    Ener$& an" "ela& constraints c*an$e "esi$nrinciles across all la&ers of t*e rotocolstac# >oints toBar"s cross"layer design%

    E l ti f C t

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    24/47

    E7olution of Current%&stems

    'ireless s&stems to"a&;G < ;.3G Cellular/ 0-80 bAs.'5Ns/ 10 MbAs.

    Ne@t Generation;.83G < G Cellular/ 00 bAs.'5Ns/ 80 MbAs.

    Tec*nolo$& En*ancements(ar"Bare/etter batteries. etter circuitsArocessors.

    Co-otimiation Bit* transmission sc*emes.

    in#/5ntennas, mo"ulation, co"in$, a"ati7it&, =%P,'.NetBor#/=&namic resource allocation. Mobilit&

    suort.

    G IT " l "

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation

    25/47

    G/ IT-"e7eloe",MT%AIMT-;000

    Satellite

    Macrocell Microcell

    Urban In-Building

    Picocell

    Global

    Suburban

    Basic Terminal

    PDA Terminal

    Audio/Visual Terminal

  • 7/25/2019 Touseef Abbas Presentation