Tourism Attraction and Facilities at Kuakata Sea Beach: An Exploratory Study

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Transcript of Tourism Attraction and Facilities at Kuakata Sea Beach: An Exploratory Study

Tourism Attraction and Facilities at Kuakata Sea Beach: An Exploratory Study

Abu Zafour Faculty of Business Administration and Management

Patuakhali Science and Technology University1

Tourism Attraction and Facilities at Kuakata Sea Beach: An Exploratory Study

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Abstract This piece of repot is an assigned job as a partial fulfillment of course requirementby our honorable course teacher Muhammad Mizanoor Rahman Howladar. Its an optimum aggregated outcome of 5 pupils about Tourism Attraction & Facilities of Kuakata Sea Beach.The view of this report was to find out the true figure and importance of Kuakata, focused on its every factor. Some articles are thoroughly studied to make it is an effective report. The collected informations was thoroughly revised first, then the collected data were interpreted to achieve the report objective.Kuakata is one of the beautiful tourist centers in Bangladesh. It is in the south of our country. It has a width sea beach. The tourist can see the sunrise and sunset standing from here. For this reason it is said that its position is next of Sea city Coxbazar.Generally Kuakata is a small area. Its way of communication, Accommodation, Amenities, Beach sites, Market places, Costing trade, Tribe area are described in this report. It has also some wandering sites like the Rakhain Polly, Shima Buddhu Bihar, Jaubon, Fatrar Chor, Gongamoti Chor, Rash Mela, Shutki Polli, that are enjoyable for the tourist, are also given in our report.

Introduction Tourism is one of the most dynamic industries of the present world. People want to travel. This is the basic trait in human nature. Millions of people are traveling each year from one part to another part of this planet (Hasan, 1985). People are now prone to fun and enjoyment. They intend to gather experiences of new things and new places, get lasting pleasure, and know different cultures through visiting destinations. They also want to escape from the pressures of workdeadlines. People, being curious, move from one place to another, from one country to another country, from one end of the world to another, and may be in future, from one planet to other ones (Hossain, 1999). Thus tourism is one of the initiators of peoples movement, a facilitator for exchange of knowledge, a provider of pleasure, a way to enjoy leisure, and a means to enrich culture (Hossain, 2005).

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The importance of any geographical unit as a tourist is determined by 3As i.e. attraction, accessibility and amenities, which may be termed as the tourist qualities of a destination [Bukart & Medlik]. Attraction may include site attractions, event attractions like Olympic Games, and also religious festivals. Accessibility means facilities for easy transportation and communications which enable a destination to be reached and telecommunication facilities which enable tourists to counteract their normal place of residence/work or elsewhere at-ease. Amenities mean accommodation, catering, entertainment, medicare, security etc. At the destination, these amenities constitute the primary tourist services. Today tourism industry is recognized as the single largest industry in the world and, therefore, this sector has also become a major thrust area of economic and business activities in most of the countries. The impact of speedy and comparatively cheap air transport, the growing world economy, rising standard of living, increased paid holidays, monotonous and mechanized working conditions in developed countries, etc., have made it possible for the tourism industry to reach this position. All these things bring a great chance for Bangladesh to develop tourism industry in the tourism world. Despite having all the potentials, a lot of efforts are still required to offer right kind of tourism products, facilities, infrastructure, accessibility and connectivity, professional providers, reasonable price, safety of movements, and so forth. However, even within the existing infrastructure and facilities there is still a lot of scopes for Bangladesh tourism to develop (Hossain and Firozzaman, 2003). Although the government has taken several measures over the years for the development of tourism industry, many of the initial steps are rather modest in nature and even now much remains to be accomplished to give the industry a solid footing and a real sense of direction (Ahmed, 1987).

Kuakata is on of the beautiful tourist spot of our country. A rare scenic spot on the southernmost tip of Patuakhali district. Kuakata has a wide sandy beach from where one can see both the sunrise and sunset. Kuakata is located at a distance of 70 km, from the district headquarters of Patuakhali. So to find out the tourism attraction and facilities of Kuakata, it is very necessary to describe its various factors, that way its called the tourist center.4

Objective of the Study As a business executive of the future, we should have to gather more experience beside our study. We should not concentrate our lessons only in classroom but to implement it in practical life that will help us in our professional life. A clear objective help in preparation of well decorate report in which others take right type of decisions. So, identifying objectives is very much important. Our purposes of preparing this term paper are: 1. To analyze the significance of tourism in KUAKATA 2. To study the existing tourism facilities and opportunities in KUAKATA. 3. To create a significant judgment about its various resources. 4. To evaluate the potentials of tourism in KUAKATA 5. To identify the problems to the development of tourism in KUAKATA. 7. To provide necessary suggestions and policy implications for the development of tourism in KUAKATA. 8. To gather more knowledge and experience.

Literature Review A relatively few works have been done as yet on the development of tourism in Bangladesh. Various definitions on tourism reflect significant differences of its meanings (Talukder, 1984) Tourism is the business of the transport, care, feeding and entertainment of the tourists. Indian Merchants Chamber states, Tourism is a force that enriches, restores and transforms and does that both for a land and its people. Therefore, tourism may be defined as an industry which aims at enhancing social and geographical mobility of the man by performing

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a variety of necessary functions for fulfilling various human motives with a view to earning profit. Ahmed (1987) evaluated the role played by the government in the development of tourism in Bangladesh. He found that despite all the efforts and measures of the government and other concerned private agencies, the industry has not yet taken off, got a solid footing and given a real sense of direction towards its development. Pannell Kerr Forster Associates report (1988) mentioned that the comfort, services, and management of tourism firms in Bangladesh are all below the level expected by the international tourists and the foreign community residing in Bangladesh. It has suggested the Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation (BPC) to prepare itself in playing its proper role as a national tourism organization and facilitator of tourism development. Hasan (1988) recognized inadequate activities of the tourism industry in Bangladesh and emphasized the governments role to identify the potential tourist spots, build an infrastructure, and expand the existing services and facilities. Hasan (1992) again blamed that Bangladesh, in comparison to other South Asian countries, has failed to develop its tourism as yet and attract a sizeable number of tourists to visit the country, though it is endowed with different tourism attractions. He recommended for planning necessary strategies aiming at the potential markets and avoiding aimless policies to develop mass tourism at the initial stage of development. Patwari (1993) realized that it would be very difficult and expensive to develop tourism in Bangladesh with the present state of technology and limited resources. He then advocated for the development of natural attractions and local traditions based on tourism in Bangladesh. Kamal and Chowdhury (1993) criticized that Biman performs its activities in a manner, which does not conform to the right orientation and business philosophy. Hasan and Chowdhury (1995) suggested to erect good quality accommodations blended with good restaurants and services for the domestic travelers and establish more better quality units at some administrative and commercially important cities to serve both the domestic and the intra tourists. Hossain (1999) found that Bangladesh tourism industry and its market have failed to grow properly due to inadequate infrastructure, insufficient facilities at different destinations, and inaccessibility to some destinations, bad image of the country and lack of security. Alam (2002) mentioned that Bangladesh may not possess the impressive monuments and6

architectural treasures like its neighbours, but it does have something substantially different to offer in its scenic beauty and cultural heritage. Hossain and Firozzaman (2003) mentioned that though tourism industry and its market have grown phenomenally worldwide, there is no significant growth and development of tourism in Bangladesh. But they expected that, even within the existing infrastructure and facilities, there are still a lot of scopes of tourism development in Bangladesh if necessary policy framework supports the industry. Siddiqi (2003) blamed that there is a big gap between what all the successive governments promised and what they actually did for tourism development in the country. Many of the existing literatures reviewed above clearly indicate that the tourism industry in Bangladesh has not yet stood on a solid footing. Many reasons are there for the backwardness and underdevelopment of this industry (Hossain, 2005).