Top 10 Things to Know About Extended Foster Care – for Foster Youth Services

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Top 10 Things to Know About Extended Foster Care – for Foster Youth Services. Version 1.0 December 2012. Foster Youth Facts. Last year over 4600 foster youth aged out of care in California Of California youth surveyed regarding AB12, 83% indicated a desire to go to college - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Top 10 Things to Know About Extended Foster Care for Foster Youth ServicesVersion 1.0 December 2012

1Foster Youth FactsLast year over 4600 foster youth aged out of care in CaliforniaOf California youth surveyed regarding AB12, 83% indicated a desire to go to collegeStudies show that nationally only about 25% of youth will complete one year of college and less than 5% will obtain a 2 or 4 year degree2What challenges do foster youth currently face in higher education?After 18 Will Address Many of These Issues by Providing.What is the California Fostering Connections to Success Act?Signed into law September 30, 2010Designed to align with the Federal Fostering Connections to Success ActExtends foster care funding for youth until age 21In the pastChild WelfarePost-Secondary EducationFoster YouthChild WelfareMoving fowardPost-Secondary EducationFoster Youth1. YOU can play an important role in ensuring students access servicesEnsure that youth understand the benefits of extended foster care (EFC) and how they can access and/or re-enterAssist youth to understand placement optionsAssist youth to leverage resources available through After 18 to further their educationHelp foster youth to plan for post-secondary education and facilitate seamless transition from K-12 to college

8EFC Improves Educational OutcomesMidwest Study - Surveyed 732 youth who exited foster care from Iowa, Illinois, Wisconsin at ages 18, 19, 21, and 24

Youth who have access to foster care until age 21 are 3 times more likely to complete one year of college and 2.5 times more likely to obtain BA

Having access to foster care up to age 21 was associated with a 38% reduction in the risk of becoming pregnant

Table Top ActivityAt your table, have a conversation regarding supporting foster youth access to and success in post-secondary educationWhat we are currently doing?What we should be doing?What we want to do?

Report back

2. EFC Began January 1, 2012 Q: Youth turning 18: Who is eligible?A: Youth under age 19 as of January 1, 2012 who have an open case. This includes:All youth who turn 18 on or after January 1, 2012Youth who turned 18 during 2011 with an open dependency case on January 1, 2012

113. EFC has Eligibility RequirementsExtended benefits available to foster youth who:Have an open court case at age 18 (with an order for out-of-home placement)Satisfy a participation requirement Sign an agreementAgree to meet with Social Worker Agree to work on transitional independent living skillsLive in a licensed or approved settingCategories of Youth Who Are Eligible/ Ineligible

MarriedMilitary

Pregnant and Parenting

ELIGIBLENOT ELIGIBLEInvolved in criminal justice system

13Other Eligible PopulationsYouth who enter a non-related legal guardianship created in juvenile courtGuardianships created in probate court are not eligibleGuardianship can be created at any ageYouth who enter Kin-GAP or Adoption after the age of 16Disabled youth eligible regardless of age guardianship/adoption began.Payments must go to guardian or adoptive parent14Eligible Juvenile Probation YouthProbation youth (wards) with court order for foster care placement at age 18At the time probation ends, youth may be eligible for new transition jurisdictionAllows eligible youth to take advantage of extended benefits without remaining under supervision of probationCan also be taken upon re-entry

154. EFC requires youth to do certain things to participateYouth must satisfy one of the following:

1. Be enrolled in high school or pursuing GED2. Be enrolled in college/vocational school3. Participate in a program/activity that removes barriers to employment4. Work at least 80 hours/month5. Be unable to do one of the above because of a medical or mental health condition16Child Welfare and Court Supervision

Youth who participate in EFC meet monthly with a case manager Youth continue to have regular court hearings and administrative reviews.Must create plan for independence (Transitional Independent Living Plan) and work on goals in plan175. Youth have many options as to where they can liveCURRENT OPTIONSLiving with an approved relative or extended family member Living with a foster family Home of a Non-related Legal GuardianDual Agency Homes for Developmentally DisabledTransitional Housing Placement Program (THPP) (with limitations) Group Home (with limitations)NEW OPTIONSTHP-Plus Foster CareSupervised Independent Living18Group Homes After 18Decision on group home placement is to be a youth-driven, team-based case planning processUnder 19 can remain in group home to complete high school or equivalentOnce youth completes high school or turns 19, can only stay if has medical condition19THP-Plus Foster CareModeled after existing THP-Plus program Offers affordable housing and supportive services.THP-Plus will continue to serve emancipated youth between 21 and 24 and those under age 21 who do not want to participate in extended care or are ineligible

THP-Plus FC is a IV-E eligible placement206. Youth in EFC can live independently and get the foster care payment directlySupervised Independent Living Placement (SILP) settings may include but not limited to:Apartment livingRenting a room (including w/ a relative or family friend)Shared roommate settingsDormsStudent may receive the foster care benefit directly limited to basic rate (currently $799.00/month)Parenting students receive the Infant Supplement ($411).

21Approval of SILPNo service provider/ no caregiverSubject to readiness assessmentability to handle daily tasksfinancial skillsability to be independent Students may need assistance acquiring skills for independent living22Approval of SILPSites are subject to health and safety inspectionCollege dorms or other university housing not required to undergo inspection.Basic health and safety onlyEnsuring youth privacyRoommates and landlords not assessedSocial workers should arrange inspections and home visits in such a way that respects young adults privacy237. As legal adults, youth in extended foster care have new rights24Additional Legal RightsParents no longer noticed or parties to court hearingsCourt hearings respect status of youth as legal adultFocus on planning for transition to independenceNo warrants for AWOL No orders for psych meds25Resolving DisputesRefer first to social worker/probation officerProvide guidance regarding how to successfully negotiate with social worker/probation officer and/or utilize local grievance processAssist youth to contact attorney when appropriateYouth have a right to have disputes resolved in courtComplaints can be filed with foster care ombudsman: 1-877-846-1602268. Foster care benefits will likely not be considered income for purposes of financial aidFunds authorized under Title IV-E are explicitly exempt from income reporting on the FAFSA*Additional guidance being sought to confirm interpretation of existing regulationsEligibility for Chafee grant remains the same

*2010-2011 Application and Verification Guide (page 22-23), Higher Education Act, Sec. 480(d)

279. Youth have a right to re-enter foster care Youth must be informed of right to reentry at termination hearingYouth can re-enter unlimited times prior to turning 21 yrs old.Re-entry process is intended to be as accessible and easy as possible

28Process for Re-entry2910. YOU can play an important role in ensuring youth access servicesBegin talking with youth who may be eligible about the benefits of staying in foster careInform other staff who may come in contact with foster youth about After 18Assist youth to leverage resources available through After 18 to further their educationActively support students in planning for independenceAssist students to understand benefits and how to re-enterWork actively with local college support programs to facilitate a smooth transition to post-secondary education

30For More Informationwww.after18ca.orgwww.cafosteringconnections.org www.cacollegepathways.org

31Wrap up and Next StepsAdditional questionsImplementation ideasEvaluation

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