Tire Pile Fires:Tire Pile Fires: Prevention,Prevention ... ... at existing tire pile sites. Section...

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Transcript of Tire Pile Fires:Tire Pile Fires: Prevention,Prevention ... ... at existing tire pile sites. Section...

  • Integrated Waste Management Board Prepared by Environmental Engineering

    & Contracting

    Tire Pile Fires:Tire Pile Fires:

    Prevention,Prevention,

    Response,Response,

    RemediationRemediation

  • TIRE PILE FIRES

    PREVENTION, RESPONSE, REMEDIATION

    September 23, 2002

    Prepared By: Environmental Engineering and Contracting, Inc.

    505 Parkcenter Drive Santa Ana California 92705

    (714) 667-2300

  • i

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Abbreviations and Acronyms ........................................................................................................ iv 1.0 Introduction...................................................................................................................... 1-1 Section A – History, Legislation, and Enforcement 2.0 Brief History of Tires....................................................................................................... 2-1

    2.1 History of Vulcanization and Tires............................................................................... 2-1 2.1.1 Natural Rubber..................................................................................................... 2-1 2.1.2 Synthetic Rubber.................................................................................................. 2-1 2.1.3 Bias Ply Versus Steel Belt ................................................................................... 2-2

    2.2 Tire Industry and Background ...................................................................................... 2-2 2.2.1 Chemical Compounds of Tires – Historic ........................................................... 2-2 2.2.2 Chemical Compounds of Tires – Current ............................................................ 2-2

    3.0 Statutes and Enforcement in California ........................................................................... 3-1 3.1 Current Statute .............................................................................................................. 3-1

    3.1.1 Collection and Disposal/Reuse ............................................................................ 3-1 3.1.2 Abatement of Existing Tire Piles......................................................................... 3-1 3.1.3 Recycling/Reuse .................................................................................................. 3-2 3.1.4 Funding ................................................................................................................ 3-2

    3.2 Current Code and Regulatory Compliance for Storage/Disposal Facilities ................. 3-2 3.2.1 Federal.................................................................................................................. 3-2 3.2.2 State...................................................................................................................... 3-2

    3.2.2.1 California Code of Regulations ....................................................................... 3-2 3.2.2.2 California Public Resources Code ................................................................... 3-4

    3.2.3 Local .................................................................................................................... 3-5 3.3 Enforcement.................................................................................................................. 3-5

    3.3.1 Enforcement Agencies ......................................................................................... 3-5 3.3.2 Enforcement Mechanisms.................................................................................... 3-5

    Section B – Fire Prevention for Tire Piles 4.0 Prevention by Alternative Use/Marketing ....................................................................... 4-1

    4.1 Tire Recycling/Reuse Markets...................................................................................... 4-1 4.1.1 Reuse Options ...................................................................................................... 4-1 4.1.2 Energy Options .................................................................................................... 4-3 4.1.3 Barriers to Reuse/Recycling ................................................................................ 4-3

    4.2 Tire Disposal Options ................................................................................................... 4-4 5.0 Fire Prevention at Existing Tire Pile Sites....................................................................... 5-1

    5.1 Permitted Site Characterization and Evaluation ........................................................... 5-1 5.1.1 Review and Storage Site Design Requirements................................................... 5-2 5.1.2 Site Security and Fire Department Access........................................................... 5-2 5.1.3 Water Supply Requirements ................................................................................ 5-3 5.1.4 Identify Sensitive Receptors in Surrounding Communities................................. 5-3

    5.2 Unpermitted Site Characterization and Evaluation....................................................... 5-4 5.2.1 Identify Tire Pile Locations ................................................................................. 5-4

  • ii

    5.2.2 Identify Responsible Parties ................................................................................ 5-4 5.3 Site Assessment ............................................................................................................ 5-4

    5.3.1 Assessment and Mapping of Tire Pile Characteristics ........................................ 5-5 5.3.2 Site Specific Characteristics/Unusual Circumstances ......................................... 5-5 5.3.3 Topography, Geology, and Climate..................................................................... 5-5

    5.4 Develop Site Contingency Plan (Pre-incident Planning).............................................. 5-6 5.4.1 Resources ............................................................................................................. 5-6 5.4.2 Topography.......................................................................................................... 5-6 5.4.3 Notification .......................................................................................................... 5-6 5.4.4 Pyrolytic Oil......................................................................................................... 5-7

    Section C – Tire Fire Response 6.0 Education of Firefighters/Planning .................................................................................. 6-1

    6.1 Education ...................................................................................................................... 6-1 6.1.1 Training Programs ............................................................................................... 6-1

    6.1.1.1 Firefighters...................................................................................................... 6-2 6.1.1.2 Site Operators................................................................................................... 6-3

    6.1.2 Fire Fighting Techniques ..................................................................................... 6-3 6.1.2.1 Exposures......................................................................................................... 6-4 6.1.2.2 Containment..................................................................................................... 6-4 6.1.2.3 Extinguishment ................................................................................................ 6-4

    6.1.3 Health and Environmental Concerns ................................................................... 6-6 6.1.4 Non-Standard Firefighting Equipment ................................................................ 6-6

    6.2 Preplanning ................................................................................................................... 6-8 6.2.1 Develop Pre-Incident Plan ................................................................................... 6-8 6.2.2 Identification of State and Local Emergency Response Teams......................... 6-11 6.2.3 Identification of Local and or Regional Response Contractors ......................... 6-11

    6.3 Health and Safety........................................................................................................ 6-12 6.3.1 Site Safety Plan .................................................................................................. 6-13 6.3.2 Evaluation of Dangers to Life Safety................................................................. 6-13 6.3.3 Threat to Surrounding Communities ................................................................. 6-14 6.3.4 Recognize Fire as a HAZMAT Response.......................................................... 6-14 6.3.5 Establishment of HAZMAT Procedures............................................................ 6-14 6.3.6 Identify Toxic Exposure Hazards ...................................................................... 6-15 6.3.7 Personal Protective Gear.................................................................................... 6-15 6.3.8 Establishment of Control Zones......................................................................... 6-15 6.3.9 Decontamination Procedures ............................................................................. 6-16