tim hieu ve phong thuy

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  • Tm Hiu V Phong Thy Nng Phu tng hp

    Ni Dung

    Tm Hiu V Phong Thy - Trn Vn Hun & Lu Thi Chn Phong Thy L G Vng Ngc c nh Hng Ca Phong Thy Trong i Sng Chu TS KTS E.Lip Thuyt Phong Thy M v Vit Nam V Xun An Nt Nhun Nh Gia Kin Trc v Phong Thy Nguyn Kin Xt Phng V, nh Ct Hung Cho Cuc t Chn a Th Tm Long Trong Th - Hoi An t Lch Hoi An Chn Hng Xy Nh Hoi An Khng Gian a Nng Hoi An Ngh Thut Kin Trc v Vn Ha C Trung Hoa TS KTS E.Lip Phong Thy v Thut S Dng Ma o ng Trch Thin Xem a L Trong Hm B Tr Phng n Hoi An Phong Thy Trong Kin Trc Kinh Thnh Hu - Nguyn Kin Tng Nh Hoi An Chn V Tr Xy Nh

  • 1 Tm Hiu V Phong Thy - Nhiu tc ga www.vietnamvanhien.net

    TM HIU V PHONG THY

    Tc gi: Trn Vn Hun, Lu Thi Chn

    ............Thut phong thu chia x s pht trin ca n cng vi khoa thin vn v khoa d n (qu dch) ca Trung Quc c. N c t thi i truyn thuyt. D rng khng c nhng d kin xc thc cho chng ta bit ai hnh thnh n v vo thi im no. Tuy th, n rt gn gi vi la bn t trung ca ngui Trung Quc c, lm cho ngui ta lin tung n vic n c th bt u vo khong thi gian la bn uc pht minh, thnh qu ny uc ngui i tin rng Hong Vng-mt nh vua theo truyn thng c ca Trung Quc sng khong nm 2700 truc cng nguyn. Ngui ta khng a ra mt chng c lch s no v s ng gp ny, nhng mt iu chc chn l vic s dng tht s c t thi i c xa. ............C rt t ti liu lch s xa xa lin quan n mn phong thu, nhng trong nhng v khai qut kho c hn tm mi nm qua Trung Quc tm thy nhng ti liu di lng t c ngy thng vo khong th k th ba, thm ch t trc cng nguyn vi mt s thng tin gin tip c lin quan n phong thu. Mt s hc gi cho rng, cc kin thc v s s dng n c th vo ma xun hay thu, hoc thi k chin tranh cc nc (770 - 221) trc Cng nguyn, khi c khoa d on, kinh dch v v tr hc da trn nm yu t Ng hnh u tin c son tho cng phu v vit thnh vn bn. ............y c th l mt h thng m mn phong thu rt gn gi, c bit l kinh dch, ngui ta cho rng uc bin son bi Lo T khong nm 600 truc Cng nguyn, ngui sng lp nn o Lo. Nhng ngoi nhng d kin mng manh v k ho ny, ngi ta c rt t ngun thng tin lin quan n phong thu cng nh s co' mt ca n. Ngui ta hy vng rng cc v khai qut trong tung lai s c mt t tia sng cho vn ny. ............Cha n thi k u ca triu i nh Hn, mt hc gi ni ting v cng l mt nh chin luc qun s Zhang Liang (230 - 185 trc Cng nguyn) xut hin trong cc ti liu lch s l mt nh phong thu. Theo truyn thuyt ng c mt o s truyn li kin thc ny, tn l Chisongzi (Red pine Masterrl, mt s ngi khc cho rng Zhang cng l mn ca mt ngui lo luyn khc l Shigong. C hai Hng Phm v Thch Hong u uc xem l cha ca thut phong thu vo thi c Trung Quc (d rng cc s gia c th phn bc iu ny, h tin rng thut phong thu c truc ). ............Thut phong thu ca Hng Phm ng gp mt phn c bit quan trng cho chng ta cun sch ny. ng ta uc cho l ngui sng to ra ca phn Cu tinh (9 sao) Bt mn (8ca) v Bt qui phong thu m chng ta s tham kho v nghin cu. Cu tinh ni n chm sao (7 ngi) c gi l i hng tinh c thm hai ngi sao thn linh tng tung ra. Bt mn cp n 8 im chnh ca La bn Bt qui v tm cung c bn uc s dng trong kinh dch d on ( s c tho lun chi tit hn phn II). ............Trong sut thi k Tam Quc mt thin ti chin lc ni ting Gia Ct Lng (Khng Minh) (181 - 234 sau Cng nguyn) xut hin trong lch s Trung Quc. ng ta s dng cc chin thut da trn bt qui du ch tiu dit qun To. Khng Minh l mt nh chin luc qun s i ti cng nh v thut phong thu v uc tn knh l ngui sng lp mn phi phong thu. ............Cc truyn thuyt v ba v thy v i, Hng Phm, Thch Hong v Khng Minh t nn tng cho tt c nhng bc thy phong thu cho hai ngn nm k tip. Mt s ngi tin rng Yellow Stone cng l ngui a thut ny vo vn ho dn gian, do kt qu ca n lc ny, khoa phong thu khng cn l mt cng c b mt qu gi ca mt s ngui c c quyn v cc v vua c quyn lc tr v thin h. ng ta chn la nhng mn c ti nng truyn b kin thc ny cho qun chng. ............Trong sut thi k u nh Hn (khong nm 200 trc Cng nguyn) mt tc gi c tn l Oing Wu vit ba tp v phong thu. Mt v khc tn l Guo Pu (nm 276 - 324 sau Cng nguyn) xut hin sut thi k Ty Hn. ng ta uc cng nhn tc gi cun sch truyn thuyt v phong thu gi l Zang Shu (cun sch bn v vic Chn Ct). Tic thay, ch cn li nhng ta ca nhng tc phm u tin v phong thu truyn li cho chng ta, cc vn bn tht thot v ln ln vo cc tc phm khc. Nhng cng cuc khai qut kho c trong tung lai c th t thy nhng phn ca cc ti liu gc nhng

  • 2 Tm Hiu V Phong Thy - Nhiu tc ga www.vietnamvanhien.net

    hin nay tt c cc bn cn li ny l cc bn sa i li, c l c ghi chp (nm 960 - 1279 sau Cng nguyn). Ngay cc bn in hin i ca cc bn sa cha u kh hiu v uc vit bng loi ch c in Trung Quc m ngy nay him ngui c th c uc. ............Vo khong th k th 7 sau cng nguyn, c mt s vn bn vit v khoa phong thu. Mt ln na, chng chng tn ti uc bao nhiu v mt s t bn sa i sau ny li do nhng ngui vit khng t cht lung.

  • 3 Tm Hiu V Phong Thy - Nhiu tc ga www.vietnamvanhien.net

    Mt s ngui cho rng s khan him cc ti liu uc vit t xa do bi tp qun truyn li cc thng tin qua s truyn khu hoc nh bng k c cng nh tp qun b truyn t thy cho mn , mt phng php cho php cc s ph gi li cc phn thc hnh v s hiu bit qu tm tay ca cc nh hc thut bnh thng, cc nh ph bnh v cc tng lp c th lc. Phong thu l mt mn ngh thut kn m nhng hc gi c khuynh hng v ngh thut, lch s Trung Quc khng quan tm n, nhng ngi ny xem n l mt b su tp vn ho dn gian v l mt s m tn. Nhng n vn tn ti mi trong lng ca nhng ngi thng dn. ............Ngh thut phong thu t ti nh cao ca n trong mt triu i nh Tang (Tn) (nm 618 - 906 sau cng nguyn) nhiu ngi hnh ngh ny pht trin hng thnh. Tm ngi ni ting nht l Yang Junsong, You Yanhan, Li Chungfeng, thiu s Yi Hang, nh s Pht gio Shima Touto, Riu Baitou, Chen Yahe Va Futu Hng cng l pht t. Trong nhng php s i Tang (Tn) Yang Jungsong (khong 650 sau cng nguyn) c nh hung to ln nht v qua ng ta cng nh cc mn phi phong thu khc truyn b li cho chng ta. S quan tm n phong thu v cch p dng uc hi phc li mt thi i nh Song (960 - 1279 sau cng nguyn) v nhiu v thy ni ting xut hin. Trontg cc v l Wu Aixian (th k 11 sau cng nguyn) v cc mn ca ng ta Liu Qiwan v You Gounghang, Wu Aixian ngui sng lp mn phi uc gi l 36 kinh tuyn vit mt lun thuyt v cc hnh th ca ni (sn) dng cho th t mai tng v nh . T cc v thu Liu You, hnh thnh nhiu nhnh phong thu khc nhau uc s dng trong sut i nh Minh (1368 - 1643 sau cng nguyn) v i nh Quing (1644 - 1911 sau cng nguyn). ............Ngui ta ghi nhn rng, sut 500 nm ko di t i nh Tang n nh Song, hn mt trm mn phi phong thu i ch v tranh ginh nh hung ln nhau. Tt c cc mn ny u khi u cng mt quan nim thn hc v tr hc v cc l thuyt. ri sau pht trin thnh nhiu s din gii khc nhau, mi mt mn phi c bit quan tm n hoc tp trung vo nhng khuynh hung no ca phong thu. Sau , mt s mn phi ng ho ln nhau. y l mt danh sch bi mn phi chnh uc cng nhn k t thi k nh Tang Song, tt c cc mn phi ny tip tc c nh hung n nhng ngui hnh ngh ngy nay. ............1. Cu tinh (chn sao), Bt mn (tm cu), Bt qui . ............2. Nhng kinh mn - Sanh mn ............3. Ng hnh chnh thng ............4. Lung sn, Tam hp v Ng hnh ............5. Bt qui, Ng hnh ............6. Huyn Khng Ng hnh ............7. Hng Phm Ng hnh. L thuyt phong thu thuc v tr hc v da trn cc khi nim ca o Gia Nhn (con ngi v V tr). Mc ch ca n l s thng nht ca Thin, a, Nhn v Vt th qua mt lc uc gi l Thi h (Taijia), c bn ti cao (nguyn kh ca V tr khi cha hnh thnh m dng). ............Ngui Trung Quc c tin rng khi s kt hp nh th c to nn, qi (cc kh lc) ca s sng chy chan ho khp tt c sinh vt, vt cht, nhng s kin tt p v hu ch s uc to nn. S tc nghn kh lc ca s sng s to ra mt s i nghch: bt hnh v tai ho. ............Cc l thuyt kt hp Tri, t (thin, a), con ngui (nhn) l ct li ca thut phong thu, t ny sinh ra nhiu truyn thuyt v cc cu chuyn dn gian. Cc h thng t tng to ln tru tng v v tr sau ho ln vo cc tnh ngng dn gian khi ngi Trung Quc c c gng gii thch v nhng mnh lc hu hnh cng nh v hnh trn th gian v cc nh hung b n ln phc tp ca nhng mnh lc ny tc ng vo thi ca con ngi. Vic i ph vi nhng s kin khng th tin on uc trong cuc i khng phi mc ch chnh ca phong thu. iu hp dn nht l gip h cng c tinh thn trong thi gian gp kh khn hoc bi kch. i vi ngui Trung Quc c, s ho hp gia con ngui v thin nhin l mt s chun b cn thit v ng n cho lnh vc tinh thn, trong o con ngui v v tr c th l mt. S hiu bit v vn ho dn gian dy h kh nng chp nhn mt s nghip kh c th gii thch uc v cng lc thit lp mt nn tng vng chc mt cuc sng cho ha bnh, hy vng, nhng uc momg thnh vung lu di. i vi ngui Trung Quc, thi ny tht ngha, thoi mi v thc tin. Tuy nhin, n cng to nn ngun gc hi ho gia con ngui v thin nhin , to nn mt bn ng ca c bit m tnh ngui. Nhng khuynh hung ch yu v v tr hc ca thut phong thu uc hnh thnh theo nhng s lin h sau y: ............Tri (Thin) l khi nim bao gm:Thn thnh, ma qu, tinh t (vi t tng thn hc v thin vn hc); thi gian (gm chu k cc ma v nhng nh hung ca chng) v tt c biu th nhng sc mnh v hnh ln hu hnh cng nh sc mnh ca v tr. Nhng ngh thut d on, s hc v cc hnh thc tin tri kt hp vi tri.

  • 4 Tm Hiu V Phong Thy - Nhiu tc ga www.vietnamvanhien.net

    ............t (a) v vt th l cc thut ng uc dng m t cc vt th trn tc v cc iu kin hu hnh ln v hnh. Mi trung da l, phung hng, v tr v ni to lc; Ng hnh, quyn lc v sc mnh ca thin nhin; s cn bng v i nghch v trt t ca thin nhin, ci v hnh kt cht vi nh hung ca sng ni, cy ci, th vt, t , con ngui, nh ca, vt v.v...Tt c cc thn ny thuc lnh vc t (a) v vt th. N cng bao gm nhng yu t ca siu nhin nh ma qu, thn thnh h tng vi con ngui trn trn tri t ny. nhng kha cnh v lnh vc v hnh th khng c thi gian, khng gian hoc nhng gii hn. Ngui Trung Hoa c cho rng tt c mi con ngui chng ta vi th gii ny cng nhau chia x iu thn i, an vui, nguy hi hoc phin toi. ............Nhn (con ngui) biu hin tr tu v tinh thn nhng phi kt hp cng Tri, t, Vt th sao cho c s ho hp v cn bng cc nhn thc. iu ny c th t c qua mt s quan h c thit lp chnh xc gia tt c cc sc mnh trong thin nhin, cho php chng tri chy thng thung v nui sng cuc i. ............Thi hu v trung cung l nhng thut ng c quyn ca ngnh v tr hc Trung Quc v thung