Themes Frenzy of Emotion Patriotism Storm and Stress Nature/Intuition The Past Exotic Places Heroes

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Transcript of Themes Frenzy of Emotion Patriotism Storm and Stress Nature/Intuition The Past Exotic Places Heroes

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  • Themes Frenzy of Emotion Patriotism Storm and Stress Nature/Intuition The Past Exotic Places Heroes
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  • The French Neoclassicists Jacques-Louis David Antoine-Jean Gros Thodore Gricault
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  • Virtual dictator of European painting from 1800-1820. No matter how revolutionary the subject, used traditional, neoclassical techniques. Stressed line, form, perspective. Jacques-Louis David (French, 1748-1825)
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  • David Napoleon Crossing Saint Bernard
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  • David - Coronation of Napoleon
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  • David - The Tennis Court Oath
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  • David Portrait of Monsieur Lavosier and His Wife
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  • Moved away from the ideas of his teacher, Jacques-Louis David. Followed the more emotional style of Flemish Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens. Still Neoclassical at heart. Series of battle paintings glorifying Napoleon. Antoine-Jean Gros (French, 1791-1824)
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  • Gros Napoleon at Arcole Bridge, Nov. 17, 1796
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  • Gros - Napoleon in the Pesthouse
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  • Gros - Napoleon on the Battlefield
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  • Shifted the emphasis of battle paintings from heroism to suffering and endurance. Isolation and vulnerability were the essential human condition. French Michelangelo (painting and sculpture). Bold, vigorous figures with lots of movement. Thodore Gricault (French, 1791-1824)
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  • Gricault The Wounded Curaiss
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  • Gricault - The Raft of the Medusa
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  • "First of the moderns Transitional figure between Neoclassicism and Romanticism. Warm and passionate. Court painter to Spanish king Charles III. Sense of outrage and rebellion, social conscience. Francisco Goya (Spanish, 1746-1828)
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  • Goya Maria Teresa de Bourbon
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  • Goya Group on a Balcony
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  • Goya - The Third of May It is said that he made the preliminary sketches of this painting in the blood of executed Spanish patriots.
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  • Took painting out of the studio and into the country. Studied and painted from nature. Landscapes that stressed color and light more than purity of line. Influence on Delacroix and Impressionism. John Constable (English, 1776-1837)
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  • Constable - Leaping Horse
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  • Constable Lock at Deadham
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  • Dreamy landscapes. Played with light and color rather than sticking to form. Mixed cloud, fog, and the land until anything definite was indistinguishable. Conflict between nature and technology. Precursor of the Impressionists. J. M. W. Turner (English, 1775-1851)
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  • Turner - The Fighting Temeraire
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  • Turner - Rain, Steam, Speed
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  • Color and light emphasized over line. Urged young painters to study Rubens. Purpose of art is "not to imitate nature but to strike the imagination." Literary themes. Used color to create energy, which he compared to music. Halftones derived from juxtaposing that color and its complement (i.e. purple and yellow), not from darkening a color. Long brushstrokes. Eugne Delacroix (French, 1798-1863)
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  • Delacroix - Liberty Leading the People
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  • Delacroix Massacre at Chios
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  • Delacroix - Death at Sardanapal
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  • Melancholy and symbolic landscapes. Used light to unify the mood of his landscapes and other works. Mystical attitude toward nature (God found in nature). Caspar David Friedrich (German, 1774-1840)
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  • Friedrich - Polar Sea
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  • Friedrich - The Cross on the Mountain
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  • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (French, 1780-1867) Draftsman. Linearist. Purity of line - return to Neoclassicism or early Realism Hated Delacroix. Nudes.
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  • Ingres The Valpincon Bather
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  • Cartoonist. Famous for caricatures, but recognized later for serious painting. Satire. Social commentary. Hated Napoleon III (Louis Napoleon). Honor Daumier (French, 1808-1869)
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  • Daumier - The Third-Class Carriage
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  • Daumier Don Quixote
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  • Jean-Franois Millet (French, 1814-1875) Indistinct lines Mixing of colors Peasants
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  • Millet - Flight into Egypt
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  • Millet - Young Woman
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  • Rebel Offended everyone Landscapes Realist Sober and moody Importance of the individual Admired Gricault Pupil of David Gustav Courbet (French, 1819-1877)
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  • Courbet The Source
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  • Courbet - The Wave
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  • Leader Johann Friedrich Overbeck. Tried to revive style and spirit of medieval religious paintings. Later turned to subjects such as German fairy tales and folklore. Nazarenes (German)
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  • A Look into the Future Romanticism Realism Impressionism
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  • Expressed ideas of the Romantics through music Strained against rules and restraints of Classicism Music addressed to the masses Expanded orchestra Piano most important instrument Opera & ballet popular Used ballads, folk music, poetry, national history for inspiration
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  • Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Born In Bonn, Germany Moved to Vienna, Austria in 1792 Composed piano and violin sonatas, string quartets, and a total of 9 symphonies Deaf at age 16 Fur Elise, Ode to Joy, Moonlight Sonata
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  • Franz Schubert (1797- 1828) Born in Germany Set piano and voice in over 600 Lieder (poems set to music)
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  • Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) German Composed works for the piano, violin, chamber music, and choral music 5 symphonies The Scottish, The Italian, and The Reformation
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  • Frederic Chopin (1810- 1849) Polish Composed traditional folk music for piano Concertos in E minor and F minor
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  • Robert Schumann (1810-1856) German Composed symphonies and piano music
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  • Franz Liszt (1811-1886) Hungarian Europes greatest concert pianist Also composed folk music for the piano
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  • Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) Italian opera composer Rigoletto (1851) La Traviata (1853) Il Trovatore (1853) Aida (1871)
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  • Richard Wagner (1813-1883) German nationalist Inspired by the German past Four operas called The Ring of the Nibelung: Das Rheingold Die Walkure Siegfried Gotterdammerung
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  • Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) German Hungarian dances based on melodies of Roma Academic Festival Overture (1880) based on German student songs Tightly knit structure Schicksalslied (Song of Destiny, 1871) - musical setting of a poem by the German poet Friedrich Hlderlin
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  • Modest Mussorgsky (1839-1881) One of The Five (five influential Russian composers) Original & influential Russian nationalist composer Bold, unorthodox harmonies Tried to reproduce the rhythms and contours of the Russian language Boris Godunov - unusual in use of chorus St. Johns Night on Bare Mountain
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  • Piotor Iilyitch Tchaikovsky (1840-1893) Best known for ballet music Swan Lake (1876) The Nutcracker (1891-92) Sleeping Beauty Richly melodic passages Gifted orchestrator
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  • Antonin Dvorak (1841-1904) Czech Fond of black spirituals & Native American music Director of the National Conservatory of Music in NYC Influenced by Czech and Slavonic folk music
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  • Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) Norwegian Master of harmonic style Based music on Norwegian folk songs Peer Gynt (1875) - incidental music for Henrik Ibsens poem Holberg Suite Landsighting and Olaf Trygvason
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  • Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908) Member of The Five Master of orchestration Conducted the Russian Symphony (1886- 1890) Fresh and brilliant instrumentation Sheherazade (1888)
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  • Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) Italian La Bohme (1896) Madame Butterfly Emotion and theatricality Lyricism, color orchestration, rich vocals
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  • Richard Strauss (1864-1949) German Composer for modern orchestra & voice 2nd period (1887-1904) Developed the symphonic poem Expanded expressiveness of modern symphony orchestra Don Juan (1888) 3rd period (1904-49) Opera Salome (1905)
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  • Hector Berlioz (1803-1869) French Orchestra of 465 pieces Symphonie Fantastique (1830) Songs and arias Voice and instrume