The Tones of Mandarin Chinese

Click here to load reader

  • date post

    30-Dec-2015
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    100
  • download

    12

Embed Size (px)

description

Sheila Jordan, Superintendent. The Tones of Mandarin Chinese. Julin Chen, Mandarin Immersion Program Specialist. Mandarin Chinese Tones. One of the biggest differences between Chinese and English is the tones used to pronounce words. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The Tones of Mandarin Chinese

  • The Tones of Mandarin Chinese Julin Chen, Mandarin Immersion Program SpecialistSheila Jordan, Superintendent

    Mandarin Tones

  • Mandarin Chinese Tones

    One of the biggest differences between Chinese and English is the tones used to pronounce words.

    Mandarin Tones

  • In English, tones denote whether something is a question, a command, or a general statement.

    English tones can be used anywhere in the sentence, without changing the meaning of the sentence too much, though it may freak out the listener a little.

    Mandarin Chinese Tones

    Mandarin Tones

  • Mandarin Chinese TonesIn Mandarin, each, syllable, or character, has a tone.

    If you do not use the right tone with a word in Mandarin, it changes the meaning of the word.

    Mandarin Tones

  • A tone is applied separately to each syllable in a word while pronouncing it. It is a little bit like singing the word.Researchers have found that in addition to using the speech center of the brain, Mandarin speakers also use the part of the brain normally active while listening to music. Mandarin Chinese Tones

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesMandarin Chinese has four pitched tones and a "toneless" tone.

    The reason for having these tones is probably that the Chinese language has very few possible syllables -- approximately 400 -- while English has about 12,000.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesThere are more homophonic words, words with the same sound expressing different meanings in Chinese. Tones help to distinguish the meaning of words in some degree. Learning Chinese in context, therefore, is very important.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesThe Chinese use only three syllables when expressing the same meaning as each of the following sentences conveys.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesSentence 1:A mother who is riding on a horse thinks that it is slow and so she curses it. M ma q m m mn m m m.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesSentence 2

    A little girl who is herding a cow finds it stubborn and so she pinches it. Nu niu gn nu nu nng nu nng nu.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesNow you can understand how the Chinese use only one syllable "da" and yet can tell the differences among:"to hang over something" ( da1 ) - "to answer" (da2) - to hit (da3) - and "big" (da4) - Yes, the secret lies in the tones. The numbers after each of the syllables indicates the tone.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four Tones

    ToneMarkDescription1std High and level.2ndd Starts medium in tone, then rises to the top. 3rdd Starts low, dips to the bottom, then rises toward the top. 4thdStarts at the top, then falls sharp and strong to the bottom. NeutraldaFlat, with no emphasis.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesThis diagram helps visualize the pitches of the four tones:

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four Tones

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four TonesFor instance, Gong Li , Gng L with third and fourth tones, is the name of the star of Raise the Red Lantern and other contemporary Chinese films. gng l , however, with first and third tones, means kilometer.

    Mandarin Tones

  • Four Tonesm m m md d d dshshshshd d d d

    Mandarin Tones

  • Which tone is it?

    Mark the tone after Mr. Chen read the Chinese word.bu pa

    Mandarin Tones

  • Which tone is it?Mark the tone after Mr. Chen read the Chinese word.maimai

    Mandarin Tones

  • Which tone is it?Mark the tone after Mr. Chen read the Chinese word.dalu

    Mandarin Tones

  • Which tone is it?Mark the tone after Mr. Chen read the Chinese word.mabu

    Mandarin Tones

  • Which tone is it?Mark the tone after Mr. Chen read the Chinese word.da mi

    Mandarin Tones

  • Thank You

    Mandarin Tones