The Spread of Hellenistic Culture

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The Spread of Hellenistic Culture. Chapter 5 section 5. Key Terms. Hellenistic Alexandria Euclid Archimedes Colossus of Rhodes. Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria. Hellenistic- blending of cultures from Greece, Egyptian, Persian and Indian Influences - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Spread of Hellenistic Culture

The Spread of Hellenistic CultureChapter 5 section 5Key TermsHellenisticAlexandriaEuclidArchimedesColossus of RhodesHellenistic Culture in AlexandriaHellenistic- blending of cultures from Greece, Egyptian, Persian and Indian InfluencesKoine- means common was a dialect of GreekUsed to communicate in cities throughout the Hellenistic world

Trade and Cultural DiversityAlexandria (Egypt) center of commerceStrategic edge of Nile DeltaTrade ships from all over the Mediterranean docked thereThird century B.C became an international community and a population of one million

Alexandrias AttractionsBroad avenues with statues of Greek godsRoyal palacesAlexanders glass coffin350 feet above then harbor was a lighthouseFamous museum and libraryFirst true research library

AstronomySmall observatoryAristarchusEstimated sun 300 times larger than earthDisproved that the sun was smaller than GreecePtolemy placed earth in the center of the solar systemThis view accepted for the next 14 centuries

AstronomyEratosthenesCorrectly computer earths circumference28,000-29,000 mileActual today 24,860Also a poet and historian

Mathematics and PhysicsEuclid-compile a geometry textBook Elements contained 465 geometry propositions and proofsStill the basis for geometry

Mathematics and PhysicsArchimedesEstimated the value of piExplained the law of the leverArchimedes screw- raised water from the groundCompound pulley to lift heavy objects

Stoicism and EpicureanismZeno founded StoicismPeople should lead virtuous lives in harmony with natural lawsand the will of the godsDesire for wealth and power were dangerousSocial unityFocus on what they can control

Stoicism and EpicureanismEpicurus- founded EpicureanismGods ruled the universeOnly real objects were those the five senses perceivedGreatest good and pleasure came from virtuous conduct and absence of painModeration in all things

Realism in SculptureRulers , wealthy merchants and cities purchased sculpturesPortray people in everyday situationsColossus of Rhodes-bronze statue 100 feet highNike (winged warrior) 203 BC made for naval victory

Realism in SculptureHellenistic moved to more natural worksCarved ordinary people like a wrinkly old peasant woman150 BC Hellenistic world in decline