The Spread of Greek Culture Notes 8-4. Alexandria During Hellenistic Era, cultural center...

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Transcript of The Spread of Greek Culture Notes 8-4. Alexandria During Hellenistic Era, cultural center...

  • The Spread of Greek CultureNotes 8-4

  • AlexandriaDuring Hellenistic Era, cultural centerPhilosophersScientistsPoetsWriters

    More than 500,000 scrolls in library

  • SupportNew cities being foundedKings paid good salaries for architecture, statues, etc.Kings paid writers (most literature is lost now)Athens was the center of Greek theater

  • Appolonius of RhodesWrote epic poemsWrote Argonautica, about Jason and other heroes

  • TheocritusPoetShort poems about the beauty of nature

  • EpicurusPhilosopherEpicureanismHappiness is the goal of lifeEveryone should seek out pleasure

  • ZenoPhilosopherStoicismPeople have the duty to serve their cityHappiness comes from reason, not following your emotions

  • AstronomersStudy stars, planets and other heavenly bodies

  • AristarchusAstronomerClaimed sun was at the center of universeEarth circled the sun

  • AristarchusAristarchus's 3rd century BC calculations on the relative sizes of the Earth, Sun and Moon, from a 10th century CE Greek copy

  • EratosthenesAstronomerEarth is roundMeasured earths circumference using geometry24,675 miles, 185 miles off

  • EuclidMost famous mathematicianWrote book ElementsPlane geometry points, lines, angles, etc.

  • Fragment of Euclids Elements

  • ArchimedesMathematicianSolid geometry- spheres, cylindersFigured out the value of PiInventorCatapults

  • ArchimedesArchimedes is said to have remarked about the lever: "Give me a place to stand on, and I will move the Earth."

  • HypatiaMathematicianStudied math, philosophy, astronomyWOMAN!Her writings and comments have survived

  • HipparchusAstronomerCreated system to explain how planets and stars move

  • HippocratesScientistWrote medical code of good behaviorDoctor

  • Hippocratic Corpus (His Book)

  • Hippocratic OathOath taken by doctors oath to take care of their patients and try not to harm them