The Skeletal System - Cengage the bones of the axial and appendicular skeleton. The Skeletal System

download The Skeletal System - Cengage the bones of the axial and appendicular skeleton. The Skeletal System

of 22

  • date post

    29-Jun-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    282
  • download

    4

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of The Skeletal System - Cengage the bones of the axial and appendicular skeleton. The Skeletal System

  • 2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    C H A P T E R 7

    O B J EC T I V ES

    ACTIVITIES

    A. CompletionFill in the blank spaces with the correct term.

    1. The five functions of the skeletal system include , , , , and .

    2. Osteoblasts invade and begin the process of ossification.

    3. The is a fibrovascular membrane that covers bone; the is the membrane that lines the medullary cavity.

    4. Bone remodeling is made possible by and .

    5. The process of ossification can be either or .

    6. Correct calcium ion concentration in blood and bone is maintained by and .

    7. bone is dense and strong, whereas bone is spongy.

    8. An osteon, also called the , allows for the effective metabolism of bone cells.

    After studying this chapter, you should be able to:

    1. Name the functions of the skeletal system.

    2. Name the two types of ossification.

    3. Describe why diet can affect bone development in children and bone maintenance in older adults.

    4. Describe the histology of compact bone.

    5. Define and give examples of bone markings.

    6. Name the cranial and facial bones.

    7. Name the bones of the axial and appendicular skeleton.

    The Skeletal System

    NAME: DATE:

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 9738736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 97 8/26/09 11:54:32 AM8/26/09 11:54:32 AM

  • 98 Section 2 Chapter Exercises

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    9. The spaces within cancellous bone contain , which is responsible for hematopoiesis.

    10. Long bones consist of a(n) , , and a(n) .

    11. bones are enclosed in a tendon and fascial tissue.

    12. An obvious bony prominence is called a(n) .

    13. A depression or cavity in or on a bone is called a(n) .

    14. The skeleton is divided into two main parts, the and the .

    15. The bone is a single bone that forms the posterior base of the cranium.

    16. The anchor bone for the cranium is the .

    17. The freely movable bone of the face is the .

    18. The spinal cord passes through a space called the .

    19. The largest and strongest vertebrae are those of the section of the spine.

    20. are the bones of the fingers and toes.

    21. is the manufacture of red blood cells.

    22. The turbinates are also called the nasal bones.

    23. A black eye is also known as a(n) ecchymosis or bruise.

    B. MatchingMatch the term on the right with the definition on the left.

    24. result of abnormal endochondral ossifi cation at the epiphyseal plate of long bones a. osteoporosis

    25. lateral curvature of the spine b. lordosis

    26. the laminae of the posterior vertebral arch do not unite at the midline c. giantism

    27. disorder characterized by disease in bone mass with increased susceptibility to fractures d. axis

    28. rupture of fi brocartilage surrounding an intervertebral disk e. kyphosis

    29. irregular thickening and softening of the bones with excessive bone destruction f. scoliosis

    30. swayback g. false ribs

    31. strongest portion of the hip bone h. spina bifi da

    32. accentuated curvature of the spine in the upper thoracic region i. herniated disk

    33. second vertebra j. incus

    34. direct articulation with the sternum k. patella

    35. indirect articulation with the sternum l. carpals

    36. do not attach anteriorly m. ischium

    37. bones of the wrist n. true ribs

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 9838736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 98 8/26/09 11:54:36 AM8/26/09 11:54:36 AM

  • Chapter 7 The Skeletal System 99

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    38. anvil o. hyoid

    39. kneecap p. osteoprogenitor

    40. give rise to osteoblasts q. Pagets disease

    41. immovable joint line of the cranium r. fl oating ribs

    42. tie bone to bones s. suture

    43. tongue attached to it t. ligaments

    C. Key TermsUse the text to look up the following terms. Write the definition or explanation.

    44. Acetabulum:

    45. Acromegaly:

    46. Acromial process:

    47. Calcaneus:

    48. Capitate:

    49. Cervical vertebrae:

    50. Condyle:

    51. Coracoid process:

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 9938736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 99 8/26/09 11:54:36 AM8/26/09 11:54:36 AM

  • 100 Section 2 Chapter Exercises

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    52. Fontanelle:

    53. Foramen:

    54. Gladiolus:

    55. Hamate:

    56. Haversian (system):

    57. Hematopoiesis:

    58. Lunate:

    59. Malleus:

    60. Manubrium:

    61. Meatus:

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 10038736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 100 8/26/09 11:54:36 AM8/26/09 11:54:36 AM

  • Chapter 7 The Skeletal System 101

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    62. Obturator foramen:

    63. Ossification:

    64. Osteomalacia:

    65. Osteon:

    66. Phalanx:

    67. Pisiform:

    68. Sagittal suture:

    69: Sinusitis:

    70. Stapes:

    71. Talus:

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 10138736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 101 8/26/09 11:54:36 AM8/26/09 11:54:36 AM

  • 102 Section 2 Chapter Exercises

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    72. Trabeculae:

    73. Triquetral:

    74. Tympanic plate:

    75. Vomer (bone):

    76. Xiphoid:

    77. Zygomatic (bones):

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 10238736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 102 8/26/09 11:54:36 AM8/26/09 11:54:36 AM

  • Chapter 7 The Skeletal System 103

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    D. Labeling Exercise 78. Label the bones of the skeletal system as indicated in Figure 7-1.

    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

    E.

    P.

    O.

    N.

    M.

    Lower limbs

    Upper limbs

    I.

    Pectoral girdle

    G.

    F.

    H.

    J.

    K.

    L.

    Figure 7-1

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 10338736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 103 8/26/09 11:54:36 AM8/26/09 11:54:36 AM

  • 104 Section 2 Chapter Exercises

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

    E.

    F.

    G.

    H.

    I.

    J.

    K.

    L.

    M.

    N.

    O.

    P.

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 10438736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 104 8/26/09 11:54:37 AM8/26/09 11:54:37 AM

  • Chapter 7 The Skeletal System 105

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    79. Label the parts of the spinal column as indicated in Figure 7-2.

    A.

    F.

    D.

    E.

    G.

    H.

    Anterior view

    B.

    C1 C2

    C1 C2

    C3 C4 C5 C6 C7

    T1

    T2

    T3

    T4

    T5

    L1

    L2

    L3

    L4

    L5

    T6 T7

    T8

    T9

    T10

    T11

    T12

    C.

    Figure 7-2

    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

    E.

    F.

    G.

    H.

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 10538736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 105 8/26/09 11:54:37 AM8/26/09 11:54:37 AM

  • 106 Section 2 Chapter Exercises

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    80. Label the bones of the thoracic cage as indicated in Figure 7-3.

    A. (17)

    11

    12

    B.

    C. (812)

    D.(11 and 12)

    Figure 7-3

    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 10638736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 106 8/26/09 11:54:38 AM8/26/09 11:54:38 AM

  • Chapter 7 The Skeletal System 107

    2010 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible website, in whole or in part.

    81. Label the bones of the hand and wrist as indicated in Figure 7-4.

    A.

    D. E.

    C.

    B.

    Figure 7-4

    A.

    B.

    C.

    D.

    E.

    38736_07_Ch07_p097-118.indd 1073873