The Scope of Management Management & Leadership Styles
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The Scope of Management
The Scope of ManagementManagement & Leadership StylesBusiness ManagementPreviously. . . ObjectiveEssential QuestionsWe described management roles, functions, and skills of good managers.What is management?What are the specific tasks (functions) of managers?What are the responsibilities (leadership roles) of managers?Todays LessonObjectivesEssential QuestionWe will analyze leadership & management styles in a variety of business situations.We will complete a self-assessment of personal traits to determine leadership styles.What are the benefits/limitations of different leadership & management styles?Think About ItWhat makes a good manager?Are managers & leaders the same thing?Think of a good manager/leader you have worked with. What were some of their attributes that made them good?Management vs. Leadership
Whats the difference?ManagementLeadershipThe skills used to efficiently channel resources and resolve conflict.The skills that motivate others to accomplish common goals.How do you become a leader?Lets consider leadership theories . . .Someone may become a leader by:AuthorityPowerCharismaAuthorityThis type of leader has been given the right to achieve the objectives or goals of an organization.This leaders power is obtained via appointment.Managers are the appointed leaders of a business.
PowerThis type of leader has extensive knowledge or expertise in the field.This leaders power is derived from respect.Experts in finance, for example, are the respected leaders of their field.
CharismaThis type of leader is able to bring others together and motivate them, usually for a cause.This leaders power is derived from emotion.Many successful activities earned the spotlight because of their charisma.
Leadership StylesRegardless of how someone obtained their leadership, each leader demonstrates characteristics of a leadership style.
Whats your style? Take the survey!Leadership Styles SurveyAll leadership styles are good one is not more important or better than another.It is important to understand leadership styles in order to be able to work with all personality types effectively.In your group, come up with 3 attributes of your groups leadership style and a famous person who might share the same style.AutocraticCharacterized by giving clear and precise directions as to what is to be done.Considered classic leadership.Managers retain as much power and decision-making as possible.
Using Autocratic LeadershipMost Effective When . . .Should Not Use When . . .New, untrained staffDetailed orders and instructionsLimited time to make a decisionManagers power is challenged by staffStaff becomes tense, fearful, or resentfulStaff expects their opinions to be heardLow staff morale or productivityHigh turnover and absenteeismDemocraticCharacterized by encouraging workers to share their ideasAllows employees to make some decisions or give inputKeeps staff informed about everything that affects their work
Using Democratic LeadershipMost Effective When . . .Should Not Use When . . .Want to provide opportunities for staff to developWant to encourage job satisfactionLarge, complex problemsChanges must be made or problems solved that affect the staffWant to encourage team building and participationNot enough time to get everyones inputEasier or more cost-effective for the manager to make the decisionCant afford mistakesStaff safety is a critical concernOpenAlso known as Laissez-Faire leadershipCharacterized by giving little or no direction to the employeesEmployees are trusted to make decisions and resolve problems on their own.
Using Open LeadershipMost Effective When . . .Should Not Use When . . .Staff is highly skilled, experience, and educatedStaff have pride in their work and the drive to be successfulOutside experts or consultants are usedStaff is trustworthyStaff feels insecure that the manager is not accessibleManager cannot provide regular feedbackManager is unable to thank staffManager does not understand his/her own responsibilitiesLeadership Style Variations
SituationalA good leader changes intuitively between styles according to the people they work with and the current situation at hand.Select a style that best fits the circumstances of the moment!
Situational LeadershipGiven the four situations on your worksheet, decide which style of leadership (autocratic, democratic, or open) would be most effective.Closing Task/Exit TicketWhat is the difference between management and leadership?List the three styles of leadership.What is the best style of leadership? Explain your answer.