The SCM #031
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The Sub-Carpathian Messenger Number 31 (November 2014) Page: 1
The Sub-Carpathian Messenger
Newsletter of the Study Circle for the Postal History of the Carpatho-Ukraine
Number 31 November 2014
A Jewish Type
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About us and the Newsletter The Study Circle is a loose group of persons who are interested in the postal (and general) history of the area known as Krptalja in Hungarian, as Podkarpatsk Rus during the First Czechoslovak Republic, which had a short day of independence as Carpatho Ukraine, and later was integrated into the Ukrainian SSR in the Soviet Union as the Zakarpatskaja Oblast. Since 1991 it is -, the westernmost administrative district in the now independent Ukraine. The Newsletter came out of a meeting of a few collectors during the PRAHA 2008, its first number appeared in November 2008. As we can see from the access counts at the public web site, this Newsletter is read by far more than hundred people. Surprisingly, a number of unexpected contributions has come in after the last issue, so that your humble editor could fill another number of the Messenger. Many thanks to the authors for their very welcome articles. On a sad tone, we have to report that Gbor Voloncs, once one of the most famous and know-ledgeable collectors of Carpatho Ukraine in Hungary, has left this world for a better one. We send our warm welcome to our new member Dominick J. RICCIO (New York, USA) and our best wishes to the members of the Study Circle. Distribution method All issues of the Sub-Carpathian Messenger can be browsed at and downloaded from the Inter-net address
http://www.slideshare.net/subcarpathian For those who have no Internet access and/or no e-mail, the distribution method is still the same: you will receive a colour print-out by air/surface mail as you did in the past. Everybody can freely access the uploaded numbers of the Newsletter but the notification service for new numbers (including an easy download web datalink) will be limited to the members of the Study Circle. Rules and Regulations All articles in the Newsletter carrying the name of an author are the sole responsibility of this author and should not be taken to represent the common opinion of the Study Circle. Such articles are, if not marked otherwise, copyrighted by the respective author. Free use within the Study Circle is granted. We thank our authors for their much appreciated work and contribution. Participation in the Study Circle is not bound to a formal membership and does not include the duty to pay a membership fee. There is a moral obligation to support the Newsletter from time to time by sending some article, some interesting piece of information, some question, some answer or whatever. We will print everything even only loosely connected with our subject of interest so any contri-bution is certainly welcome. Please send it (as Word 2003 or 2007 document, graphical elements in JPEG, 300 dpi) to our editors e-mail address ([email protected]). His postal address, if you would need it, is:
Dr. Helmut Kobelbauer, Untergrossau 81, A-8261 Sinabelkirchen, Austria / Europe
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Helmut Kobelbauer Auction News In his 84th Mail Auction ending September 18th, 2014, Petr Blaha from Brno offered (again) two lots that may (or may not) be connected with the famous field post flights of June 1919 to and from Uhorod:
Picture for lot 998.
Picture for lot 999.
Lot 998 was sold for 10.010 CZK (364 EUR or 461 USD), lot 999 for 12.005 CZK (436 EUR or 553 USD), each of them receiving 5 bids. The prices given do not include the auctioneers commission (another 15 per cent). Comments are welcome.
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Helmut Kobelbauer Incoming Mail from the Papal States Since incoming mail has now become a theme of interest even in our modest Newsletter, I would like to show two letters from the Papal States to the Krptalja in the 1840s. The Pope of the Roman-Catholic church in the years 1831 to 1846 was Gregory XVI. The first letter is from the collection of our late Honorary Member Otto Hornung:
Letter to Bazil Popovics, the Bishop of the Greek-Catholic Eparchy of Munkcs. From Rome, March 20th, 1841, to Munkcs (April 3rd) and forwarded to Ungvr (April 4th).
With boxed V | Stato Pontificio in green. Ecclestiastical mail, ergo free of charge. A similar (although less prominent) letter was sold at the November 2012 auction of the HPSGB:
Letter in church matters, Rome, April 26th, 1845, to Bishop Bazil Popovics. With greenish-gray boxed V | Stato Pontificio. Free of charge.
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Jan Rompes Incoming Mail from the Prestamp Period
In addition to the article from Andrew Cronin in the last SCM Addenda to Pre-stamp and Stamp-less Mail from the Carpatho-Ukraine and the supplementary pictures of pre-stamp letters pre-sented by our esteemed editor I would like to show some more covers addressed to the different bishops and church people. First of all another Bacsinszky letter written in Buda on May 21, 1785 and sent to Munkacs. It has the so called adeliger postmark Von Ofen=Buda in gothic letters in use from 1782 - 1791 on a fully paid letter. On the reverse a taxmark 24 kr = 12 kr + 12 kr. paid by the sender. Traffic bet-ween more than one main post office [Buda and Kaschau]. Weight 1,5 Loth. Fully paid heavy letters from this period are very scarce !
Secondly two letters to Bishop Alexis Pcsy. The first one was written on December 20, 1826 in Nyirgyula and sent via the post office in Nyirbtor, where the fancy oval postmark was applied in use from 1826 - 1833, to Unghvar. The tax figure 16 kr. to be paid by the addressee on the front, indicates a double weight letter. Zone 4. Distance 10-12 postal stations.
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The second letter is from Miskolcz sent on April 3, 1831 to Unghvar. The oval adeliger postmark with decorative lines V. Miskolcz was in use from 1818 - 1843. On the front in red crayon tax 12 kr. to be paid by the addressee. Again a double weight letter. Zone 3. Distance 7-9 postal stations. This letter is a couple of months younger than the letter shown by Helmut Kobelbauer in the previous SCM.
Finally one letter to Georgio Kritsfalussy sent from Szikszo with a boxed adeliger postmark V. Szikszo in use from 1825 - 1833 to Unghvar. On the front tax 6 kr. to be paid by the addressee. Zone 3. Distance 7-9 postal stations. Weight Loth.
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Another small contribution: Some additional comments and information concerning the registered letter from Beregszsz which Helmut described in SCM 030. It is a prepaid [Brmentes = paid] private letter sent to Mr. Istvn Rba in the service of Count George Krolyi of Nagykroly. [The editor: I am sorry that due to insufficient experience with such letters I have mis-translated the text brmentesen; of course, Jan Rompes is certainly right. The full cross indicates that the tariff has been fully paid.] The tarif mark on the reverse is 6/12 meaning 6 kr. Zone 2. Distance between 10-20 miles with a weight of Loth as correctly described by Helmut. Registration fee 6 kr. and return receipt another 6 kr. In total 18 kr. paid by the sender. The return receipt cost the same amount as a Loth weight letter - in other words 2, 6 or 10 kr. during the revolutionary period in those areas where the Hungarian Government was in charge. Below I will show a letter from the third zone [over 20 miles distance] to document this. It concerns an unpaid registered letter from Budavr to Debreczin to Jnos Szab, the director of the nitric acid production facility and subsequently potassium nitrate, an essential product to make gunpowder. In that period of vital importance to the Hungarian Government. On the front a tax mark 20 kr. for a double weight letter. On the reverse a tax mark 16 kr. = 6 kr. registration fee and 10 kr. for the return receipt.
Another private letter [see overleaf] dated December 28, 1842 involving Count Gyrgy Krolyi was sent from Halmi with the straight line postmark in use from 1842 - 1847 to [Nagy] Muszaly - last post office Beregszsz as explicitly written by the postmaster in Halmi. On the front tax 6 kr. Zone 1. Distance up to 10 miles for a loth weight letter until March 1, 1843. Afterwards zone 1 was extended to 20 miles. Muzsaly is now called (Muzhievo, ZIP code 98260) in the Ukraine.
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Helmut Kobelbauer Pictures from Tcs (Tiaevo, /Tiachevo)
Old (wooden) bridge over the Tisza river (approx. 1910).
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Soldiers watching the bridge over the Tisza (early 1920s).
Kossuth street and Kossuth statue (1920).
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The Roman-Catholic and the Reformist Churches (early 1920s).
Roman-Catholic church (card mailed in 1924).
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Railway station (late 1930s).
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Views from the town (June 1940).
View of the town (1940).
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Miroslav Bachrat A Curious Censorshi