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  • The Romantic Era

    By: Gabrielle Colella and Kara Kamenski

    The Pas De Quatre, Carlotta Grisi (left), Marie Taglioni (center), Lucille Grahn (right back), and Fanny Cerrito (right front)

  • Historical Background (Political)

    - Defeat of Napoleon 1769-1821 - French military and

    political leader, rose to power during the French Revolution.

    - The revolution allowed the onset of drastic political change.

  • Timeline - French Revolution ended with the

    Enlightenment Era. - Romanticism began during this time. - Characteristics: imagination, emotion,

    myths. - All artists (writers, poets, painters,

    musicians etc) absorbed ideas from myths, fairytales, Gothic Stories, and oriental tales.

  • La Sylphide - 1832 Composer: Herman Severin Løvenskiold (Norwegian)

    Choreographer: August Bournonville

    Plot: A farmer named James leaves his fiance Effie on the night before his wedding and gets drawn into the forest by the magical Sylphide. In the end, Sylphide dies, Effie remarries, and James is tragically left alone.

    Themes: supernatural, feminine hero, unearthly beauty, tragedy, love

  • Marie Taglioni

    - Born April 23rd, 1804 and died on April 22nd, 1884

    - She is known for being in the ballet La Sylphide and for wearing the first pair of pointe shoes, which she signed.

    - She can be seen in Jules Perrot’s Pas de Quatre.

    Marie Taglioni in 1831. Lithograph by Chalon

    and Lane, Victoria and Albert Museum.

  • Giselle - 1841 Composer: Adolphe Adam (French)

    Choreographer: Jules Perrot

    Plot: A peasant girl named Giselle dies from a broken heart because she can’t marry the man who she loves because he is destined to marry someone else. The Willis, supernatural women who dance men to death, bring Giselle back to life to dance.

    Themes: love, tragedy, supernatural, justice

  • La Esmeralda - 1844 Composer: Cesare Pugni (italian)

    Choreographer: Jules Perrot

    Plot: A beautiful gypsy girl, Esmeralda, marries a poet so that he doesn’t get killed by the King. He falls in love with her, but she loves someone else. She has many lovers, one of whom tried to capture her but she escapes. She meets up with Phoebus, man that she loves, and he gives her his scarf. The next day she attends a engagement party and realized Phoebus is getting married. His fiance sees the scarf and the marriage is called off. They run away together to confess their love and the man gets stabbed by Frollo. After the funeral, she sees Phoebus and that he survived. He announced that it was Frollo, freeing Emeralda of any crime and they live happily ever after.

    Theme: supernatural, fantasy, love, tragedy

  • Paquita - 1846 Composer: Edouard Deldevez (French)Paquita - 1846

    Choreographer: Joseph Mazilier

    Plot: The ballet begins in Spain under control of Napoleon's army. Paquita, a young girl, was abducted by Gypsies at birth has is unaware of her nobility. She saves the life of a French Officer, Licien, a gypsy chief, who was targeted by the Spanish governor. She discovered she is of noble birth by medallion, in face she is the cousin of Lucien. Then she and the Officer get married.

    Theme: romance, fantasy, love, female hero

  • Costumes - Tutu’s were shortened to show the ankles and the

    feet of dancers and were named after their shape, the bell skirt.

    - They were made out of many, many layers of fabrics.

    - They were victorian looking in style. - Bodice made with very thick materials and were

    cut diagonally to provide for more movement, but significantly more restrictive than today.

    - The new costumes of this era were very different from the modest costumes they had previously worn.

  • First Pointe Shoes

    ● Pointe shoes were invented to make ballerinas look like they were floating and magical.

    ● First pointe shoes were made out of satin materials and enforced with leather.

    ● They later became a right of passage for younger dancers.

    ● The first dancer to wear them was Marie Taglioni.

  • Famous Theaters - Paris Opera Ballet

    - This is the oldest ballet company in the world and it is one of the most famous theaters to this day.

    - Ballets from this time period that were performed there were La Sylphide, Giselle and Coppelia.

    - Her Majesty's Theatre, London - This theater had a lot of ballets performing

    there at the time period, the many works of Perrot, Taglioni, Saint-Léon, and many more.

  • Video

    This film is from 1906. It is from the ballet La Sylphide, it is being performed by Ellen Prince who at the time was a principal dancer for the Royal Danish Ballet. This is choreographed by August Bournonville, whose style of dance is still used today, the “Bournonville Style”.

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0b86BOYez8A

  • Video cont.

    This film is from January, 2011. It is the ballet Giselle, and is from the Bolshoi Ballet of Moscow, Russia.The ballerina who is doing the variation is Svetlana Lunkina. The romantic music of Adolphe Charles Adam is played by the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra. The choreography of Jules Perrot, Jean Coralli and Marius Petipa and is staged by one of the members of the company.

    Start at 0:55

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VW7FkwkBJA0

  • Works Cited "Ballet Costumes, Ballet Dance Costumes, Ballerina Tutu, Ballet Tutu." Ballet Costumes, Ballet Dance Costumes, Ballerina

    Tutu, Ballet

    Tutu. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2016.

    Pas De Quatre. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

    Romantic Era Ballerina. Digital image. PTB, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2016.

    "Signed Ballet Shoes Belonging to Maria Taglioni (1804-84) (photo)." Signed Ballet Shoes Belonging to Maria Taglioni

    (1804-84) (photo). Bridgeman Images, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2016.

    "The Romantic Period." Ballet History 4410: Chapter 9. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2016.

    "Victoria and Albert Museum." , Digital Media Webmaster@vam.ac.uk. Victoria and Albert

    Museum, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2016.

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