The Review of the EIA system of South Africa

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The Review of the EIA system of South Africa. Structure of the presentation. Elements of the presentation: Setting the context for the EIA system Introducing the 2006 EIA Regulations Explaining the 5 point plan towards more efficient and effective EIA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • The Review of the EIA system of South Africa

  • Elements of the presentation:Setting the context for the EIA systemIntroducing the 2006 EIA RegulationsExplaining the 5 point plan towards more efficient and effective EIAReport on progress with implementation of the 5 point plan.Structure of the presentation

  • Socio-economic standingEmploymentEducationHealthAccess to servicesHuman dignityEnvironmental QualityFactors influencing quality of life

  • Environmental quality is improved and protected via proactive and reactive measures:Proactive Prevention of degradation and conservation Tools Strategic Planning, Environmental Impact Assessment.Reactive Rehabilitation of degraded areas, Reduction of emissions and effluent, clean-upTools NEMA sector Acts, Water legislation, Compliance and Enforcement.Environmental quality

  • Systematic process to identify potential positive and negative impacts on the environment (biophysical, socio-economic, cultural) associated with proposed activity.Examine alternatives / management measures to minimise negative and optimise positive consequences.Prevent substantial detrimental to the environment

    Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Advantages of EIATo authorities:Informed decision making;Improvement / protection of environmental quality;Management to sustainable utilisation of resources;Understanding demands on bulk services, waste management services, urban forms, etc.

    Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Advantages of EIA (cont)To interested and affected partiesAn opportunity to be heard;Protecting environmental rights;Utilisation of local and indigenous knowledge;Increased knowledge and environmental awareness

    Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Advantages of EIA (cont)To undertakers of identified activities (developers):Proactively asking the right questionsAdequacy of natural resourcesRisks associated with environmental factors (geologic stability, hydrology regimes, fire, etc)Pollution potential and prevention thereof;Energy and water saving and associated financial savingsAppropriateness of activity in terms of strategic planning for the area

    Environmental Impact Assessment

  • EIA in its design is aimed at informing project planning and design unfortunately, mostly use to justify what is already planned instead.

    Environmental Impact Assessment

  • South Africas EIA System

  • EIA became law in 1997, before then, voluntary use of EIA.Concurrent function between national and provincial government.Survey conducted in April 2006 and updated in July 2006 to establish status quo of implementation of 1997 Regulations

    EIA in South Africa: September 1997 July 2006 The old system

  • Figures obtained from EIA authorities indicate:Provinces capacity and resources vary significantlyIn some cases resources are commensurate with EIA load, however in other provinces this is not the caseLimited funding for developing information systems and other tools to assist both authorities and applicants is of particular concern.

    EIA in South Africa: Provincial capacity

  • EIA Applications September 1997 to June 2006In the order of 44 000 applications receivedDEAT received the least (1% of total) and Gauteng the most (30% of total)At the end of June 2006 these Regulations were repealed5 955 applications pending

    Chart1

    111

    1414Eastern Cape

    55Free State

    3030Gauteng

    1515Kwa-Zulu Natal

    66Limpopo

    44Mpumalanga

    77North West

    33Northern Cape

    1515Western Cape

    % of total

    Sheet1

    EIA Authority% of total

    DEAT1

    Eastern Cape14

    Free State5

    Gauteng30

    Kwa-Zulu Natal15

    Limpopo6

    Mpumalanga4

    North West7

    Northern Cape3

    Western Cape15

    100

    Sheet1

    1

    % of total

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Tot_Capc

    1411414141411414

    31311132211

    121121212124112

    811111111111111

    271210188103

    35692292012

    2383382885

    231107117838

    666666616

    355555555

    243444411

    3 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 1

    Gauteng

    North West

    Mpumalanga

    Limpopo

    Free State

    KwaZulu Natal

    Western Cape

    North Cape

    Eastern Cape

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity (Human Resources) for all Provinces

    Capc_GP

    1414

    313

    1212

    811

    2711

    3516

    238

    239

    66

    35

    21

    3 - 13 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in Gauteng

    Capc_NW

    114

    1313

    112

    1111

    11

    69

    85

    17

    66

    55

    44

    3 - 13 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in North West

    Capc_MP

    1414

    113

    1212

    12

    21

    93

    37

    1015

    66

    55

    34

    3 - 13 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in Mpumalanga

    Capc_LP

    114

    1313

    1212

    111

    210

    39

    78

    74

    66

    55

    44

    3 - 13 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in Limpopo

    Capc_FS

    14

    13

    12

    11

    1

    2

    82

    11

    6

    5

    4

    3 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in Free State

    Capc_KZN

    2

    13

    12

    8

    103

    2

    1710

    7

    6

    5

    4

    3 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in KwaZulu Natal

    Capc_WC

    1

    2

    4

    11

    8

    204

    8

    84

    6

    5

    4

    3 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in Western Cape

    Capc_NC

    1

    1

    12

    11

    11

    9

    3

    13

    6

    1

    4

    3 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity in Northern Cape

    Capc_EC

    1

    13

    1

    3

    2

    51

    85

    74

    6

    1

    4

    3 - 1

    Current Staff

    Vacancies

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Capacity Eastern Cape

    Vacn_Tot

    14-1214-1214-1214-1214-1214-1214-1214-1214-12

    1111211111111111

    11111010310110

    1693999491

    8578210885

    9715417434

    666666666

    555555555

    144444444

    3 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 13 - 1

    Gauteng

    North West

    Mpumalanga

    Limpopo

    Free State

    KwaZulu Natal

    Western Cape

    Northern Cape

    Eastern Cape

    Levels

    Total Posts

    Current Vacancies in all Provinces

    Len_Vacn

    9

    6

    12

    8

    36

    12

    6

    3

    6

    Median

    Province

    Time (Months)

    Average Time to Fill Vacancies

    %Inc_Staff

    1.4

    0.75

    0.6

    0.5

    0.4761904762

    0.4482758621

    0.3846153846

    0.3629032258

    0.1860465116

    Median

    Province

    Increase (%)

    Percentage Increase in Staff Complement in 2006

    %nonEIA

    0.3

    0.4

    0.3

    0.15

    0.25

    0.05

    0.1

    0.4

    0.25

    Median

    Provinces

    Time (%)

    Percentage Time Spend on non-EIA Related Activities

    Emp_Comp

    174321692134900020243209

    433500025640003000000

    319700044520004571000

    487000049200008840000

    172000016077881669008

    400000044950004720000

    136100018127002108400

    NCNCNC

    451743147551904897846

    NO DATA

    Medians

    2004

    2005

    2006

    Province

    Value (Rand)

    Employee Compensation Budgets

    Strat_Budg

    14259831144240008130289

    NW726636NW

    MPMPMP

    719400046380006912000

    FSFS120460

    484800066620001108700

    269300401800238500

    NCNCNC

    EC674093EC

    NO DATA

    Medians

    2004

    2005

    2006

    Province

    Value (Rands)

    Budgets for Strategic Projects

    Other_Bud

    GPGP

    433500032906363000000

    MPMP

    52810009100002307000

    FSFS

    KZNKZN

    WCWC

    NCNC

    149700019470002022000

    Medians

    2004

    2005

    2006

    Province

    Value (Rands)

    Other Budgetary Allocation

    Tot_Bud

    316920003577300028373498

    433500032906363000000

    319700044520004571000

    173450001046800018058000

    374100034090002240300

    884800011157001580700

    217830024970002572700

    95000015560001622000

    601443173762836919846

    Medians

    2004

    2005

    2006

    Province

    Value (Rands)

    Total Budgetary Allocation

    PC Acc

    100100100100

    100100100100

    100100100100

    100100100100

    100100100100

    96757570

    100100100100

    80100

    10010075100

    `

    100%

    100%

    100%

    100%

    100%

    100%

    Computer

    Email

    Internet

    Print/Copy

    Province

    Access (% of Staff)

    Access to Computers and Related Tools

    Acc_Veh

    100

    58

    40

    100

    100

    92

    100

    100

    95

    100%

    100%

    100%

    100%

    100%

    Province

    Access (% of Staff)

    Access to Pool Vehicles

    Access to Telephone Facilities

    100100

    1000

    100100

    100100

    10017

    10019

    100100

    10020

    100100

    100%

    100%

    100%

    100%

    100%

    Teleph