The preterite and the imperfect. THE PRETERITE TENSE The preterite tense is a past tense that...

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Transcript of The preterite and the imperfect. THE PRETERITE TENSE The preterite tense is a past tense that...

  • The preterite and the imperfect

  • THE PRETERITE TENSEThe preterite tense is a past tense that situates anaction or change of state prior to the time of speaking. The emphasis is on the following:either a one time occurrence or something that happeneda limited number of times, e.g. once, twice, three times. 2. the fact that the action either began or ended in the past.the fact that the action or change in state happened at a specific time, e.g. last Tuesday at 7:35 a.m. (even though the time may not be mentioned)

  • THE PRETERITE TENSEUse of the preterite ALWAYS indicates thata change in the state of affairs has occurred.Your car was fine, but then it wasnt. You werent at schoolbut then you were (although late).Ayer yo tuve un accidente y llegu tarde a la escuela.

  • THE IMPERFECT TENSEThe imperfect tense is characterized by a lackof change simply describing what was, what washappening, or what generally happened overlong periods of time.This is just a descriptive state of what life was like when I was ten.Cuando yo tena diez aos, viva en Texas con mi familia.

  • USES OF THE PRETERITE TENSE1.Actions over and completed in the past.I went shopping yesterday.Fui de compras ayer.2.Actions begun or ended in the past. The movie began at 8 pm. La pelcula empez a las ocho de la noche.She turned out the light when she left.Apag la luz cuando sali

  • 3.Actions repeated a specific number of timesI called her three times last week.La llam tres veces la semana pasada.4.To narrate a series of past actions.I got up, cleaned the house and went tothe movies.Me levant, limpi la casa y fui al cine.

  • 5. Changes of mental or physical states.I became tired at the party.Estuve cansado en la fiesta.Tuve mucho miedo.I got scared.

  • 1. To express habitual past actionsI always came home after school.Siempre vena a casa despus de la escuela.USES OF THE IMPERFECT TENSEI used to like to play soccer on Sundays.Me gustaba jugar al ftbol los domingos.

  • 2. Actions that were happening in the past.We were singing out loud.Cantbamos en voz alta. 3. Mental, physical, and emotional states in the past. I was afraid of the snake.Tena miedo de la culebra.We were sad when our friend left.Estbamos tristes cuando sali nuestroamigo.

  • 4.Description in the past.The house was red and had a white door.La casa era roja y tena una puerta blanca.5. To tell time and dates and talk about seasons.It was 8:30 am.Eran las ocho y media de la maana.It was fall when we went back to school.Era el otoo cuando regresamos a la escuela.

  • The preterite and imperfect used together:To describe what was happening in the backgroundor what was going on when it was interrupted byanother action.While I was studying (While I studied) the fire alarm went off.Mientras estudiaba, son la alarma contraincendios.

  • Me levant de un salto y mir el reloj.I jumped up and looked at the clockEran las 11:30. Sal corriendo de mi cuarto.It was 11:30. I left running from my room.En el pasillo haba ms estudiantes.In the hall there were more students.La alarma segua sonando.The alarm continued ringing.

  • Bajamos las escaleras, y, al llegar a la calle,We went down the stairs and, on arriving on the street,me di cuenta de que haca un poco de fro.I realized that it was a little cold.No tena un suter. De repente, la alarma dej deI didnt have a sweater. Suddenly, the alarm sonar. No haba ningn incendio.stopped ringing. There was no fire.

  • QUERER, PODER, SABER, CONOCERhave different meanings when used in thepreterite or imperfect:QUERERI wanted to go with you. (description of desire)Quera ir contigo.I tried to go with you (but failed) (preterite) Quise ir contigo. I refused to go with you. (preterite)No quise ir contigo.

  • PODERAnn could do it. (general ability)Ana poda hacerlo.Ann could not do it. (referring to specific event) Ana no pudo hacerlo.Ann succeeded in doing it. (specific event)Ana pudo hacerlo

  • SABERErnesto knew the truth. (description of knowledge)Ernesto saba la verdad.Ernesto finally found out the truth. (change of state)Por fin Ernesto supo la verdad.

  • CONOCERI already knew Andrew. (description of knowledge)Ya conoca a Andrs.I met Andrew at the party. (change of state)Conoc a Andrs en la fiesta.

  • Adverbios que generalmente coinciden conel pretrito y el imperfecto.PreteritoDe repenteinmediatamentePor finImperfectoTodos los dasA vecesA menudoCon frecuenciaUna vez

  • PRCTICACompleta las siguientes oraciones con el pretritoo el imperfecto:Cuando yo era nio nunca_____________(querer)limpiar mi cuartoqueraMi amigo____________(poder) pasar la aspiradoracuando _____________(tener) siete aos.podatenaMi profesor________________(conocer) el mejorsupermercado en la ciudad.conoca

  • El mes pasado, Ana______________(saber) que nosera aceptado.Anoche_______________(querer) ir de compras alcentro comercial, pero___________(ser) muy tarde.Finalmente, alguien_____________(poder) ayudarmea cambiar el foco de la cocina.supo, sabaquera, quise era pudoMi hermano_____________(saber) la receta demi abuela.saba, supo

  • Ayer, Fernando no_______________(querer) contestar el telfono.Mi hermana_______________(conocer) al nuevocartero.conoca, conociquera, quisoNo______________( poder) venir a ayudarte anoche porque_____________(estar) muy enferma.pudeestaba