The Offerings

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The Offerings. For the law having a shadow of good things to come, not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered continually year by year make the comers thereunto perfect. ( Heb 10:1). SIN. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of The Offerings

  • The OfferingsFor the law having a shadow of good things to come, not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered continually year by year make the comers thereunto perfect. (Heb 10:1)

  • SINRom 5:12 Wherefore, by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for all have sinned

  • A brief history Adam & Eve created Man sinned (the garden) Man cursed to die Fig leaves vs. coats of skins Law of Moses given

  • Offerings Covered Sin Offering Trespass Offering Burnt Offering Meal Offering Drink Offering Peace Offering

  • Outline 5Ws + 1H Significance

  • Sin OfferingAtonement

  • Sin OfferingAtonement (n) making amends for a sinCompulsoryFor specific occasions of sinHad to confess the sin

  • Sin OfferingHigh Priest or the entire nationAnimal: bullock (young bull)Body: fat burned on altar remaining body burnt outside camp

  • Sin OfferingRuler Animal: goatBody: fat burned on altar remaining body eaten by priests

  • Sin OfferingCommonerAnimal: sheep or goatBody: fat burned on altar remaining body eaten by priests

  • Sin OfferingThe poorAnimal: 2 turtledoves or 2 pigeonsBody: one offered as a sin offering the other as a burnt offering

  • Sin OfferingThe extremely poorOffering: fine flourFlour: a handful burnt on altar remainder eaten by priests

  • Sin OfferingOfferer killed animal himselfAnimal without blemish (Flour was fine flour, the very best)Offering was extremely holy

  • SignificanceIf we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (I John 1:9)Christ put away sin by the sacrifice of himselfRemission of sins possible through the shedding of blood

  • Trespass OfferingRestitution

  • Trespass OfferingRestitution (n) paying back; compensation for lossCompulsoryFor specific occasions of trespassHad to confess the trespass

  • Sin vs. TrespassTrespass: a sin which amounted to the invasion of the rights of another, whether God or manIt was an open, hurtful act of disobedience which violated law(Huh? Translation please?)

  • Sin vs. TrespassI steal a goatOffence against another manThou shalt not steal. (Exo 20:15)Under the Law, I must: Offer trespass offering to God Give a goat of equal value back Plus one-fifth the value of goat

  • Trespass OfferingAll instances of trespassAnimal: a ramValue of ram determined by priestBody: fat burned on altar remaining body eaten by priests

  • SignificanceAll manner of sin shall be forgiven unto men, except the blasphemy against the Holy Spirit (Mat 12:31)We can be forgiven of our trespasses through Christ

  • Burnt OfferingDedication

  • Burnt OfferingDedication (n) devoting all to a purpose or taskCompulsory, morning & eveningVoluntary, if so inclined (Lev 1:3)

  • Burnt OfferingAll burnt offeringsAnimal: Bullock Sheep Goat Turtledoves Young pigeons

  • Burnt OfferingAll burnt offeringsBody: The entire body was offered Inwards washed with water (Lev 1:9)Undefiled both inside and out Skin was given to the priests Ashes brought to clean place outside the camp (Lev. 6:11)

  • SignificanceConsumption of sin nature through complete dedicationthat our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed (Rom 6:6)Removal of ashes typical of putting away the sinful flesh

  • Meal OfferingConsecration

  • Meal OfferingConsecration (n) sanctification of something by setting it apartCompulsory with burnt & peaceVoluntary, if so inclined(meat offering in KJV)

  • Meal OfferingAll meal offeringsOffering: fine flour The very best flour, smooth texture Honey & leaven strictly excluded Salt necessary Mandatory drenching in oil Offered with incense

  • Meal OfferingVariations of the offering Fine flour Cakes Wafers Pancakes Dough (cooked, boiled, fried) Grain (roasted)

  • Meal OfferingAll meal offeringsMethod of offering Handful (flour) burned on altar, OR Part of cake, etc. burned on altarThe rest given to priests for food

  • SignificanceBrought to the altar by the priest No other way was possibleChrist is OUR High PriestJesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. (John 14:6)

  • Drink OfferingConsecration

  • Drink OfferingConsecration (n) sanctification of something by setting it apartCompulsory with burnt & peaceNo indication that it was offered independently

  • Drink OfferingAll drink offeringsOffering: wineMethod of offering: Poured out onto the altar

  • SignificanceMeal & Drink Offerings Typified the bread & wine that Christ commanded us to partake of in remembrance of him Table of Shewbread The Lords Tablethis do in remembrance of me.

  • Peace OfferingFellowship

  • Peace OfferingFellowship (n) associating with people sharing common beliefsStrictly voluntary

  • Peace OfferingThanksgivingOffered in gratitude for something specificVowOffered in fulfillment of some pledge to GodVoluntaryNot offered for anything specific just a spontaneous act of worship

  • Peace OfferingAll peace offeringsAnimal: cattle, sheep or goatsBody: fat placed on top of a burnt offering breast & right thigh given to priests

  • Peace OfferingAll peace offeringsMeal offering: Unleavened cakes, wafers Fried cakes of fine flour Leavened breadOne of each to the priests

  • Peace OfferingHoly sacrificial meal Remaining flesh from peace offering Remaining bread from meal offering Had to be ceremonially clean to eat of the meal Any contact with unclean rendered the offering useless and was burnt

  • Peace OfferingHoly sacrificial meal (contd) Thanksgiving: had to be eaten on the same day Vow or voluntary: could be eaten the second day Could never be eaten on the third day or later

  • Peace OfferingHoly sacrificial meal (contd) If the procedures were ignored: And if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings be eaten at all on the third day, it shall not be accepted, neither shall it be imputed unto him that offereth it: it shall be an abomination, and the soul that eateth of it shall bear his iniquity. (Lev. 7:18)

  • SignificanceFellowship with GodFulfilling the duties of the divine relationship and purposeIn the memorial feast, we fellowship at God's table, as did the partaker of the Peace Offering.

  • In combinationIn brief, none of the altar-offerings was sufficient in itself, so the Law overcame this limitation by delegating to each of them a special primary function.

    This enabled each one to help make good the deficiencies of the others with the result that, [together], they taught the etiquette of sacrificial worship in its completeness.

    As we have seen, they all, in combination, made plain to every Israelite that

  • His first and fundamental need was forgiveness for his sin (Sin Offering)

    That his contrition was of no avail unless it expressed itself in amendment of life (Trespass Offering)In combination

  • In combination That God's willingness to pardon him brought him under the obligation to dedicate himself (Burnt Offering)

    and his labors (Meal & Drink Offerings), unconditionally to God's service

  • In combination And that he, enjoying the privilege of fellowship with God, had to realize its implications in terms of holy living (Peace Offering)

  • What about us? Forgiveness Amendment of life Completely dedicate ourselves Dedicate our labors Fellowship with God

  • CHRISTSIN OFFERINGhe appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. (Hebrews 9:26)TRESPASS OFFERINGthou shalt make his soul an [trespass] offering for sin. (Isaiah 53:10)BURNT OFFERINGnevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. (Luke 22:42)MEAL & DRINK OFFERINGSTake, eat; this is my body... my blood of the new testament (Mat. 26:26-28)PEACE OFFERINGthe communion of the bloodand body of Christ. (I Corinthians 10:16)

  • John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

    Romans 5:19 For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous that as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

    I had a reading for this morning, but seeing as I think we want to finish sometime TODAY, well forgo reading the entire book of Leviticus.If, through baptism and submission to Yahweh, we humbly offer ourselves as a willing sacrifice, we can take advantage of this hope. This humble self-sacrifice is expressed in the words of a beautiful hymn:

    Take my life and let it be / Consecrated Lord to Thee / Take my moments and my days / let them flow in ceaseless praise / Take my hands and let them move / At the impulse of thy love / Take my feet and let them be / swift and beautiful for thee

    Take my voice and let me sing / always only for my King / Take my lips and let them be / filled with messages from Thee / Take my silver and my gold / not a mite would I withhold / Take my intellect and use / every power as thou shalt choose

    Take my will and make it Thine / It shall be no longer mine / Take my heart, it is thine own / It shall be thy royal throne / Take my love; my Lord I pour / At thy feet its treasure store / Take myself, and I will be / Ever, only, all for thee

    Let us pray that we are all seizing the time