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გ. წერეთლის აღმოსავლეთმცოდნეობის ინსტიტუტი G. TSERETELI INSTITUTE OF ORIENTAL STUDIES ახლო აღმოსავლეთი და საქართველო IX THE NEAR EAST AND GEORGIA ილიას სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი ILIA STATE UNIVERSITY 2016

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  • .

    G. TSERETELI INSTITUTE OF ORIENTAL STUDIES

    IXTHE NEAR EAST AND

    GEORGIA

    ILIA STATE UNIVERSITY

    2016

  • :

    . ( ), , , , , , , ( ), ( )

    Editorial Board:

    Acad. Thomas V. Gamkrelidze (Head of the Editorial board), Tamaz Abashidze, Grigol Beradze, Irene Natchkebia, Nikoloz Nakhutrsrishvili, George Sanikidze, Darejan Svani, Hirotake Maeda (Tokyo Metropilitan University), Giorgio Rota (University of Vienna)

    :

    Edited by George Sanikidze

    , 0162, . . . 33. Acad. G. Tsereteli Str., 0162 Tbilisi, Georgia./. Phone/Fax: (+995 32) 233 114 E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]://www.iliauni.edu.ge

    .

    G. Tsereteli Institute of Oriental Studies of the Ilia State University

    , IXTHE NEAR EAST AND GEORGIA, IX

    3/5, , 0162,

    ILIA STATE UNIVERSITY PRESS 3/5 Cholokashvili Ave, Tbilisi, 0162, Georgia

    ISBN 978-9941-18-192-4

  • 3

    - L i n g u i s t i c s

    () ............................................................................. 7

    , - .... 15

    Tamar DemetrashviliPATTERNS OF MARKING IN OLD, MIDDLE AND MODERN PERSIAN: A DIACHRONIC ANALYSIS ........................................................................................................ 25

    - (, , , , ) ................................................................................... 30

    - .................................................................................. 41

    ......................................................................... 45

    .............................................................................................. 49

    -XX - XXI - ................................................................................................................. 61

    L i t e r a r y C r i t i c i s m

    - - ............................................................................................................ 79

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    .................................................................................................... 91

    : .......................................................... 96

    ...................................................................................................... 105

    .................................. 115

    T h e o l o g y

    : ................................ 122

    H i s t o r y

    - ........................ 151

    - XIX ......................................................................... 159

    P r i m a r y S o u r c e S t u d i e s

    ................................................. 171

    , ........................................................................................................ 178

    Nana MirachviliVIE DE SAINT MARC LASCTE (VE S.) .................................................................................. 182

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    XIX . ( ) .............. 190

    - (XIX ) ................................................................................... 213

    - ........................................................................................................... 224

    E p i g r a p h y a n d N u m i s m a t i c s

    ............................................. 244

    (X XII ) ................................................... 247

    , ........................................ 271

    P o l i t i c s

    ........................................ 281

    , ........................................................................ 288

    , (2015 )........................................................................................................ 299

    , : 25- ............................................................................................... 306

  • 6

    , , 2011 ........................................................................ 329

    SUMMARIES ................................................................................................................................. 332

  • 7

    - L i n g u i s t i c s

    () .

    1

    - , . - (. ,2 ,3 ,4 5 .),6 ; , , , - , , . - , , - .7 ,

    1 -- .

    2 . , (: -, 1971), s. v. .

    3 , . I-VIII, . . (, 1950-1964).

    4 , (: - , 1961), parda, , - , -, .

    5 , (: , 1973). s. v. : [. frise] (.) (- ); .

    6 ( , -) . - , , - , , [ ( ); ( ) ( )], .

    7 - , , . IV2, (: , 1966), ( ZA. : , B. - ( D) CD. E).

  • 8

    , , , - : , , , .8

    - , , .9

    - - - : - , . - -

    : , (// B) . , , (//B), ( B) , -. : ... . , .10 , - -, , , ( ) -. , , , , , , , -

    8 : ... - (. .). , - (. .). , (. .).

    9 " , , VI - , ...; , , - " , " - ", . I (, 1936). " - . . , "", .

    10 Th. Preger, Scriptores originum Constantinopolitarum, I (Leipzig, 1901), 93, 3.

  • 9

    , , () , .. - , , - (, ): ... - . , -, . .11 , , , (), , - , , - . , , , - , - . , - , , - , : , , . .

    . .12 : () ( - , ), - , .13 .

    11 - . , , . , (: , 1982) 31.

    12 . , -. , - . ( 2003 . , 2004). . . , , (. , 5).

    13 . , ..., 6, .2.

  • 10

    , , - , -. - : (// (. )). 14 , : est tota Epistylij compages ex Coronide, Zophoro et ei subjecta trabe coagmentata, sic dicta, quod columnarum aedificium ornat: , , , , , .

    . - , , , , , - ( : , -, , , , ), kosmivdin,

    14 Du Cange. Ch. Glossariummediae et infirmaelatinitatis. (Paris, 1905): - : , , : (//, ) (//), . . ; - , , , (389 D) - - , ; . : , etc.: , . ... ..; - , -, : , , , , , ( , De administrando imperii, . 29) - , (), , - , , , , ; , - , , . , , , , - Apopthegmata Patrum- - : , . (v. l. ) ...). , , -=, -= .

  • 11

    kosmivdion, ou, tov, -, , , () ), - ).15

    ([*] ), ( -), , ( - ).16

    - - . , - - . , - : 1. , ; 2. (, ).17

    , - ( ), , - .18

    , -, .

    - (//) , . (//) : , , , () -. - , - - . - . - - : -, -, -, .19

    , , -, -, , , , , , , - , , -

    15 Sophokles, E.A. Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine periods (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 1900), s. v. ().

    16 A. Patristic Greek Lexicon, edited by W.H. Lampe, D.D. (Oxford: At the Clarendon Press. 1961), s. v. .

    17 , . , 1100-1669, . , (, 1982), s. v. . (302).

    18 .. , , (. 2002). 19 Etymological Dictionary of Greek, by Robert Beekes, Vol.1 (Leiden- Boston. 2010), s.

    v. .

  • 12

    , . . -

    20 , -, : 4. , , ... - () , ;

    . , , , - , .

    .

    , , - : , , , , (-) . : , - , , () , - . , , -, , .. , , , , , , - . - , - , , : , , , . , , , , , , , - . - , - , . , - , .21

    20 S. Sophronii patriarchae Hierosolymitani, Commentarius liturgicus (J.-P. Migne, Pa-trologiae cursus completus... Series graeca, Vol. 87, 1863. 3984 D).

    21 Simeonis Thessalonicensis, De sacro Templo. Lib. VI., cap. II. (J.-P. Migne, Patrolo-giae cursus completus... Series graeca, Vol. 155, 1866) 697-749.

  • 13

    , - - . , , , - . , -, . - , - . . , *, , ( , -) . / / *kazm-/kozm-, - . , , - .22

    - , , - , , -.

    :

    1. -

    . , , . . -: , 1982.

    2. , . - , -: , 2007.

    3. , . . -: , 1971.

    4. , . I-VIII, . - . : 1950-1964.

    5. , . : , 1961.

    6. , -. (, . IV2), : , 1966.

    7. , . : , 1973.

    8. , . , . I. , 1936.

    22 . , - , IV. (: 2007), 201-203.

  • 14

    9. . .

    . , . , 2004.

    10. Du Cange, Ch.Glossarium mediae et infirmae latinitatis. Paris, 1905.11. Preger, Th. Scriptores originum Constantimopolitarum. I. Leupzig. In aedi-

    bus B.G. Teubneris. 1901.12. Sophokles, E.A. Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine periods. New

    York: 1900.13. Patristic Greek Lexicon, edited by W.H. Lampe, D.D. Oxford: At the Claren-

    don Press. 1961.14. , .

    , 1100-1669, . .. 1982.15. , . . . . 2002.16. Beekes, Robert. Etymological Dictionary