The LeCHE project and Archaeozoology Roz Gillis ARCHAEOZOOLOGY, ARCHEOBOTANY Societies, Practices...

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Transcript of The LeCHE project and Archaeozoology Roz Gillis ARCHAEOZOOLOGY, ARCHEOBOTANY Societies, Practices...

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The LeCHE project and Archaeozoology Roz Gillis ARCHAEOZOOLOGY, ARCHEOBOTANY Societies, Practices and Environments National Museum of Natural History National Agency for Scientific Research Slide 2 Caledonian Pottery waster dump baseImage 5 of 9 Before.commercial archaeologist Pottery dumps, Caledonian Pottery, Rutherglen Slide 3 Now....archaeozoologist at Musum National Dhistoire Naturelle (MNHN), Paris Slide 4 The LeCHE project, (Lactase persistence and the Cultural History of Europe) Team LeCHE UCL-Modern Human DNA Stockholme- Weaning in humans using N isotopes UCL- Modelling Bristol- Pottery residues Dublin- Modern cattle DNA Paris-Archaeozoology Maniz- Ancient Human DNA Slide 5 Previous milk model Archaeozoology and LeCHE, detecting dairy practices in Neolithic Europe. Les Lauzires, Late Neol. (N= 43) B milk : BC EF (G= hair) C. Obscure, Mid-Neol. (N= 39) A milk : A (EF= curtailed) New additional Model Vigne & Helmer, 2007, Anthropozoologica, 42, 2: 9-40. 1. Sheep and Goat Slide 6 BALASSE 2003, Anthropozoologica 7: 3-10. plants 15 N () 0 5 10 15 milk diet collagen + 3 plant diet collagen + 3 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 0-32-24-16-808162432 distance to neck (mm) d 15 N -d 15 Nmax () Neolithic calf 1 -4 Present day calf ca 9-10 months Paris-Bercy Confirmation of post-lactation slaughtering & of herd management for dairy Neolithic calves weaned early: - shorter lactation in primitive breeds ? - control of weaning by the herders ? Balasse & Tresset, 2002, JAS: 29, 853859) Balasse et al., 1997, CRAS, 325 : 1005-1010. Meat Milk Slide 7 Le Gournier (Nd= 67; Brehard 2006) Bercy (NMI= 61; Tresset 1996, Balasse 1999) Les Moulins (Nd= 104; Brhard 2005) La Roberte (Nd= 77; Brehard 2006) V. Tolosane R21 (Nd= 25; Fontaine 2002) Stragari (Nd= 29; Greenfield 2005) Trasano (NMI= 18; Vigne & Carrre, unpub.) Blagotin (Nd= 77; Greenfield 2005) Early Neolithic: 6 th millennium cal BC Vigne & Helmer, 2007, Anthropozoologica, 42, 2: 9-40. Slide 8 5 m J. Ughetto Photo labo preparation IRMS carbonates SEM IRMS collagen The MNHN IRMS service : a unique IRMS service devoted to human sciences The preparation lab The equipment for bioapatite analysis Slide 9 Anne Tresset Marjane Mashkour Thomas Cucchi Antoine Zazzo Jean-Denis Vigne Sbastien Lepetz Josphine Lesur Phillipe Barez Elise Dufour Christine Lefvre Franois Poplin Robin Bendrey Marie Balasse Jol Ughetto Slide 10 Merci pour votre attention