THE IMPLICATION OF SUICIDE TO YOUTH

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Transcript of THE IMPLICATION OF SUICIDE TO YOUTH

Partido State University Laboratory High School Goa, Camarines Sur

THE IMPLICATION OF SUICIDE TO YOUTH

Submitted By: Quennie N. Quiobe IV-Archimedes

A Research Paper in English IV Presented to Dr. Gemmah T. Barcelliano February 1, 2010

PREFACE Suicide Statistics for the past years have shown alarming trends: teenagers are killing themselves at an epidemic rate using suicide as a way to escape challenges that they are ill prepared to cope up. On account of this, the researcher intends to find out why youth suicides have become a global problem. During this time period there has been an increase of over 250 percent in suicide for females aged fifteen to twenty and over 300 percent for male at the same age group. The study aims to investigate the implication of suicide among youth using informative data from pamphlets, books, periodicals and the internet. Written outputs were gathered to establish the connection between suicide and depression as

discussed in Chapter II. Chapter III aims to educate youth and its guardians about possible signs of suicide and how it can be detected and prevented. This paper explains that violence and suicide, as seen in the public school system, affects teenagers, often leaving emotional scars and mental health disorders such as post traumatic stress syndrome. The author points out that prevention of suicide is important in reducing the number of adolescents who attempt or ii

commit suicide. The paper relates that intervention is helping a teenager, who is in the crisis of committing the act of suicide; whereas, postvention is addressing the problems and aftereffects of the trauma of a student having committed suicide. Much effort has gone into preparation of informative data to satisfy the curiosity of the researcher. May this paperwork be a form of self-education campaign to lessen if not totally eradicate Suicide, a tragic word that continue to prey the youth for years. In making this research, the researcher first get the approval of the topic then make an outline, the researcher then gathered materials that can be a source of data and then started compiling the information in this research paper. The researcher wish to extend her gratitude to the people, who contributed in order to make this study a success, for the person who never fails to give support and love her mother and lastly to God who gave her strength and motivation to finish this research on time.

Quennie N. Quiobe IV-Archimedes Researcher iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS PrefaceI.

Concepts About Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 A. Definitions of Suicide B. Theoretical Perspectives of Suicide C. Viewpoints of Suicide

I.

Causes of Suicide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 A. Depression As Suicide Motives B. Family/ Peer Pressures C. Anxiety And Mental Illness

I.

Dealing With Suicide Attempts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 A. Early Warning Signs of Suicide B. Detecting Adolescent Suicidal Behaviors C. Suicide Prevention And Counseling

I. II.

Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Bibliography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

iv

I.

CONCEPTS ABOUT SUICIDE

Every individual is given one life to live to the fullest. The greatest disaster took place when a young person turns life to trash and wasted it for no common cause. In this world suicide is the most dreadful word nobody wants to talk about. Yet it should be the one given attention drastically. The risk of a depressed person committing suicide is fifty times greater than for those persons who arent depressed. Forty percent of adolescence suicides are

products of depression. It becomes alarming how this happen amidst this innovative world. Suicides in early stages of life are difficult to understand since adolescence is growing up. Complex factors are at work, others expectation to work like adults yet at times not being old enough for certain behaviors. What makes this awkward stage critical is difficulty of adjustment to negative occurrences like stress,

depression and mental pressures. Suicide becomes an available solution to problems when stress is experienced. A tendency to impulse action may turn suicidal fantasies into suicidal behavior. Many teenagers make suicide pacts and unfortunately many teenagers die as a result of them. 1

DEFINITONS OF SUICIDE The word suicide was first used in England an 1651 and is derived from the Latin word suicidum which means self and kill. Early society sometimes forced certain manners to commit suicide for ritual purposes. Websters dictionary defines the word as act or instance of taking ones own life voluntarily and intentionally. It is considered a simple way of dealing with lifes problems. The meaning of suicide continues to be problematic, if we accept it as an act of self destruction. Religious group consider it as a Sin. THEORITICAL PERSPECTIVES OF SUICIDE The most significant contribution of suicide on sociologists is the belief that impact of an action is in accordance with the law or norms, which means if ever youth became members of cult, he is easily brainwashed to the extent of even offering his life to comply with this norms, like becoming a suicide bomber. The Dramaturgical perspective created obsessive sentimentalism among youth like in being broken hearted. A young person becomes too weak to cope up obstacles and frustrations. His mind becomes totally mentally blocked. The Existentialist is linked on experimentation, if there is really life after death. A young person is so eager to find out what lies beyond the physical world. 2

The Alienation perspective occurs when an individual feels that she is not in control of the situation. A young person becomes powerless in facing a task that encourages him to accomplish like a programmed miniature object or like a zombie. He now faced lost identity crises thus, there is no other way to remedy this but to kill oneself. VIEWPOINT ABOUT TEEN SUICIDE The religious view of suicide conflicted with the sixth

commandment on the Christian Doctrine, Thou shall not kill, which stressed out that suicide is against Gods master plan for the world. However, it is believed that mental illness or grave fear of suffering diminishes the responsibility of the one completing suicide regardless of whatever stages in life the person belongs. With regards to the legal view of suicide, in some jurisdictions an act or incomplete act of suicide is considered a crime. More commonly a surviving party member who assisted in the suicide will face criminal charges especially if the person involved is a minor. On the medical point of view, suicide is a mental health concern associated with psychological factors such as difficulty in facing distress or despair. Most young people are serious psychiatric cases. 3

Most of them commit suicide and failed on the first attempt, those who later gain history of repetition have significantly higher probability of eventual completion of suicide On Cultural view of suicide, this has a connection with traditions and customs of state like in Japan where suicide is advised for those who committed disgraceful acts against the state. II. CAUSES OF JUVENILE SUICIDE

According to The National Institute of Mental Health, research has shown that the majority of suicide victims had been diagnosed with some form of depressive illness. Depressive illness is a biological condition related to chemical imbalances in the brain and can manifest itself in many ways. About a third of people with depression dont know they have it. And two thirds do not seek treatment. Millions of people have depression; the lucky ones are those that can handle it. The most unfortunate are the young people, not everybody is gifted with strong will. But what is really depression? Why is it associated with suicide? Depression actually is a brain disorder that affects thoughts, moods, feelings, behavior and physical health. 4

People used to think it was all in your head. Experts believe depression maybe caused by imbalances in brain chemicals called neurotransmitters. Biologic basis such as infection, endocrine system dieses, hormonal shifts of menstrual cycle, hypoglycemia, certain medication, exposure to toxic chemicals, unbalance diet, anemia can trigger depression changes in thinking pattern such as memory lapses, loss of self-esteem and paranoia can also be an excuse. Moreover, depression also is the origin of mood

disturbances like prominent and persistent sense of sadness, dejection and hopelessness. Teenage people have different approach in coping depression. They regarded it as a hindrance to their happiness so they thought of ways to escape it by hook or by crook if not temporarily, permanently. This is where the idea of suicide enters. That is why most teenage suicide letters expresses giving up or surrendering to obstacles. Most of them express quitting the challenges saying they can no longer handle the depressions. Such actions are expressions of stupidity but those should not end there. Suicide could also be the cause of family and peer pressure. Since adolescents are caught between childhood and adulthood the often intense and conflictual 5

task of separating the world of family can be very difficult when family dynamics interferes with the childs, move towards selfsufficiency. Parents of suicidal adolescents have been found to display overt conflicts including threats of separation and divorce. Suicidal adolescents report receiving little affection, hold negative views of their parents describe time spent in their family as unenjoyable have been found out to have