The History of Photography
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Transcript of The History of Photography
By: Claire/Lisa Nixon
Camera ObscuraDaguerreotypes CalotypesFilm PhotographyDigital photography
Camera Obscura means dark room in Latin.Camera Obscura is also known as a pinhole cameraLight rays pass through a tiny hole and recreate themselves upside down on a screen that is placed parallel to the hole.The Obscura was invented in the 19th century.
The camera obscura was first invented by Ibn al-Haytham, also known as Alhazen, the father of optics.He was a Muslim scientist, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher.He was born in Basra, which is present day Iraq, 965 A.D.He was influenced by Aristotle.Published more than two hundred Latin books.He died in Cairo, Egypt in 1040 A.D., at the age of seventy-four.
The heliograph was invented by Frenchman Joseph-Nicephore Niepce. Niepce was born in 1765 in Chalon-sur-Sane, France.As a child he had a strong interest in chemistry and when as an adult he became an amateur scientist and inventor. He served as an officer in the French Revolutionary Army.Returns home from war and starts experiments for the heliograph.Niepce joins Daguerre and together they come up with the heliograph.Niepce died of a stroke on July 5th, 1833.Louis Daguerre later goes on to invent the Daguerreotype.
Taken in Gras, France.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YSyD5-ye1b0
Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre invented the daguerreotype in 1839.
A daguerreotype is made by treating a silver-coated copper plate with light-sensitive chemicals, exposing it in a camera, and developing it with a mercury vapor.
Born on Nov. 18th, 1787 in Cormeilles-en-Parisis,Val-dOise,France. Daguerre studied architecture, theater design, andpanoramic painting.In 1829, Daguerre partnered with Joseph Nipce, that lasted untilNipce died four years later.Daguerre died of heart failure on July 12th, 1851.
A sheet of high-quality paper with salt and a solution of silver nitrate, and the inventor Talbot, found that the paper would darken in the sun.
Calotypes allowed photographers to make multiple prints on one negative.
Born February 11th 1800 in Melbury, Dorset.Attended Cambridge in 1817.Talbot was a scientist, botanist, scholar, and inventor. His lack of drawing caused him to invent the calotype.He died on September 11th 1877.
Invented in 1880 by George Eastman.Eastman wanted to make photography more simple, so everyone could enjoy photography not just trained professionals.The first film camera was introduced in 1888 and cost $25, known as Kodak.Film with protective lightproof backing paper wound onto a spool.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CY7OeJmwnJ0
Born on July 12th,1854 in Waterville, NY.Dropped out of school at fourteen.Started work as a messenger boy for an insurance company.He experiment with photography for three years before opening his own business.He was an inventor, a marketer, a global visionary, and a philanthropist.He died on March 14th, 1932.
The first digital camera was invented by Kodak in 1975.The first camera recorded black and white images, on a cassette tape.It had 0.1 megapixels, and weighed eight pounds.It took 23 seconds to record and image onto the cassette tape, using the camera.
Born on July 4th,1950 in Brooklyn, NY.
Worked as an electrical engineer for Kodak.http://www.lomography.com/magazine/lifestyle/2011/04/13/inventor-portrait-steven-sasson-inventor-of-the-digital-camera
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