THE GREAT GATSBY

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THE GREAT GATSBY. CHAPTER 9. SETTING – MID-WEST SYMBOLISM CHARACTERIZATION – DAISY, NICK, GATSBY, GATSBY’S FATHER THEMES – AMERICAN UPPER CLASSES, AMERICAN DREAM. CHARACTERIZATION - DAISY. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of THE GREAT GATSBY

  • THE GREAT GATSBYCHAPTER 9

  • SETTING MID-WESTSYMBOLISMCHARACTERIZATION DAISY, NICK, GATSBY, GATSBYS FATHER THEMES AMERICAN UPPER CLASSES, AMERICAN DREAM

  • CHARACTERIZATION - DAISYI called up Daisy half an hour after we found him, called her instinctively and without hesitation. But she and Tom had gone away early that afternoon, and taken baggage with them.The novel ends with a negative impression of DaisyShe has simply dealt with everything by forgetting it and moving away

  • This is even more shocking when we understand that Gatsby was killed because of herShe has no loyalty to Gatsby again displaying her shallownessDiscuss Why does Nick call her instinctively and without hesitation? This says more about Nick than it does Daisy what does this reaction reveal to us?

  • CHARACTERIZATION - NICKI found myself on Gatsbys side, and alone.Nick has entered into isolation hereThis is a further reflection of his identification with Gatsby

  • By the end of the novel the reader should understand why Nick thinks Gatsby turned out all right at the end.In his eyes, Gatsby embodied an ability to dream and escape his pastThis dream was possibly (ultimately) impossibleBut Nick cherishes and values it nonetheless

  • On the white steps an obscene word, scrawled by some boy ... And I erased it.Nick is the writer and he wants his words to define GatsbyDiscuss: Do you think Nick has succeeded in telling Gatsbys story?

  • CHARACTERIZATION - GATSBYLook here, old sport, youve got to get somebody for me. Youve got to try hard. I cant go through this alone.Gatsby is isolated, not only in death, but even at his own parties where he was a lost and detached onlookerDiscuss: Why was Gatsby never accepted? What does this reveal about the other characters in the novel?

  • He took off his glasses and wiped them again, outside and in. The poor son-of-a-bitch, he saidWe feel sympathy for Gatsby too, deserted by acquaintances and (more importantly) Daisy.Discuss: What is the significance of the owl eyed man realizing Gatsbys sad situation? What theme does this link in with?

  • CHARACTERIZATION GATSBYS FATHERHenry C Gatz is a figure of sympathy rather than admirationHis eyes leaked continuouslyHe was on the point of collapseNick does not shatter the old mans illusion of his sonThats true

  • CHARACTERIZATION GATSBYS FATHERGatsbys father keeps talking about the picture of Gatsbys houseIn a parallel with his son the picture was more real to him than the house itselfHe is infatuated by an illusion

  • SETTING THE MID-WESTThats my Middle West ...The Mid-West has been seen to be boring compared to the excitement of the EastBut the East is just glittering on the surfaceIt lacks the moral centre of the Mid-West This moral depravity dooms the characters in the novel to failure

  • THEME SHALLOWNESS OF THE AMERICAN UPPER CLASSESWhat I called up about was a pair of shoes I left there.Shows lack of morals and the shallowness of the upper classesKilpspringer was Gatsbys lodger but would rather attend a picnicHe is not even phoning up to offer commiserations but to enquire about a pair of shoes

  • Nobody cameThis illustrates the upper class shallownessThey attended his parties and abused his hospitality but have deserted him when he is no longer of any useThey were careless people, Tom and Daisy. They smashed upretreated back into their money clean up their mess

  • THEME THE AMERICAN DREAMGatsby fails to achieve the American Dream Why?

  • Some suggestions may be:He is a criminalHe can never gain acceptance into the American aristocracy.His new identity is an actHis dream was unattainable (why?)All of these question the idea of America as a place where all things are possible if one tries enough.

  • The American dream is the potential for unlimited advancement, regardless of where someone comes from or how poor their background isGatsbys failure suggests it is impossible to disown ones past so completely

  • SYMBOLISMHe knew he had a big future in front of him. And ever since he made a success he was very generous with me.Ironic in his fathers mind Gatsby had achieved the American dreamHis father has no understanding of the intricacies of American society

  • Thats my Middle WestNick thinks of America as a place with distinct regions with different valuesEach area has come to symbolize different valuesDiscuss: What values are symbolized by the Mid-West, East, West within the novel?

  • I see now that this has been a story of the West, after all Tom and Gatsby, Daisy and Jordan and I, were all Westerners Throughout history the West has been seen as a land of promise, possibility, a symbol of American idealsBut Tom and Daisy, like other members of the upper classes have betrayed American ideals by having a rigid class structure that excludes newcomers from its upper classes.

  • Gatsbys house was still and empty when I leftThe party is over in both the literal and metaphorical sense

  • grass on his lawn had grown as long as mine.Gatsby has gone but time has moved onThis contrasts with Gatsbys lawn when he was alive

  • and perhaps he made a story about it all of his own.Even in death Gatsby remains the focus of gossip and speculationDiscuss do you think that Gatsby deserved to be the centre of such gossip?

  • I went over and looked at that huge incoherent failure of a house once more.It is like a sign of material success, but like its owner it is flawedword, scrawled by some boyIn the corrupt America of the 1920s childhood is not even a time of innocence.

  • I became aware of the old island here that flowered once for Dutch sailors eyesNick imagines what it must have looked like to the first explorersSeeing that America was once a goal for dreamers just as Daisy was for Gatsby.

  • Gatsby believed in the green lightNick pictures the green land of America as the green light shining from Daisys dockHe believes that Gatsby had failed to realise that his dreams had already endedHis goals had become hollow and empty.

  • tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms further And one fine morning So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.Symbolizes that the return to paradise is an ideal not a realityDiscuss: is this an optimistic or pessimistic end to the novel?

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