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THE GREAT GATSBY. CHAPTER 4. CHARACTERISATION – GATSBY, NICK, DAISY, JORDAN STRUCTURE/STYLE SYMBOLISM SETTING. CHARACTERISATION - GATSBY. “He hurried the phrase ‘educated at Oxford’, or swallowed it, or choked on it,...bothered him before” - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of THE GREAT GATSBY






  • CHARACTERISATION - GATSBYHe hurried the phrase educated at Oxford, or swallowed it, or choked on it,...bothered him beforeSuggests that Gatsby is lying and further adds to the mystery surrounding him. This is continued:After that I lived like a young rajah in all capitals ...trying to forget something very sad that had happened to me long ago.

  • CHARACTERISATION - GATSBYWith an effort I managed to restrain my incredulous laughter.DISCUSSION: What does Nicks reaction to Gatsbys story reveal?STYLE/STRUCTURE: This quote again reminds us that Gatsby may not be what he seems manufactured?Nicks impression is challenged when Gatsby shows him a medal he received in the war.

  • CHARACTERISATION - GATSBYTo my astonishment, the thing had an authentic lookGatsby then shows Nick a picture of himself at Oxford and Nick says,Then it was all true.He now sees Gatsby in a different light.

  • CHARACTERISATION - GATSBYDiscussion: Why does Gatsby spend so much time convincing Nick of who he is? Why is Nick so important to a man who seems to have everything?

  • CHARACTERISATION - GATSBYDISCUSSION:The incident with the policeman is a strange one. What does it suggest?Does Gatsby have influence over people because of his past?What does this add to the readers impressions of him?

  • GATSBYS RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER CHARACTERSMr Wolfshiem:Represents the criminal worldHe seems open about it in contrast to Gatsbys secrecy, page 76:His expressive noseLet the bastards come in hereFine specimens of human molars Gatsby is a mystery

  • GATSBYS RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER CHARACTERSThis acquaintance suggests that Gatsbys business and his associates are shady and that they are up to no good.DISCUSSION: Does this suggest that Gatsbys fortune is gained from illegal activities?How does this make us feel about Gatsby?

  • GATSBYS RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER CHARACTERSThey cant get him, old sport. Hes a smart manThis suggest admiration on Gatsbys part.

  • GATSBYS RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER CHARACTERSJordan:Oh, its nothing underhand...Miss Bakers a great sportswoman...shed never do anything underhandThe reader and Nick know that this is not the case does this cast doubt on his judgements.Gatsbys opinion is coloured by the fact the he is trying to use Jordan to arrange a meeting between him and Daisy.

  • CHARACTERISATION - JORDANHis name was Jay Gatsby...even after I met him on Long Island I didnt realize it was the same man

  • CHARACTERISATION - JORDANThe change to Jordan as narrator here is important. It enables us to have an insight into the relationship between Daisy and Gatsby.Jordan can tell the story better than Nick because she was there but also has the distance needed for a successful narrator because she was not directly involved.

  • CHARACTERISATION - DAISYShe had a bottle of Sauterne in one hand and a letter in the other...Tell em all Daisys change her mine...She wouldnt let go of the letter...only let me have leave it in the soap-dish when she saw that it was coming to pieces like snow.DISCUSSION: What impression does the reader get of Daisys feelings for Gatsby from this section?

  • CHARACTERISATION - DAISYThe incident before the wedding suggests that Daisy did care for Gatsby BUT..Next day at five oclock she married Tom Buchanan without so much as a shiver, and started off on a three month trip to the South Seas.Her ability to forget her true love so quickly suggests she is unfeeling. What does this add to (or confirm about) our initial impressions of Daisy?

  • CHARACTERISATION - NICKGatsby bought that house so that Daisy would be just across the bay.Nicks perceptions of Gatsbys character have changed he is no longer just a show offHave the readers perceptions of Gatsby changed because of this new information how do we see him now?

  • CHARACTERISATION - NICKThen it was not merely the stars to which he had aspired on that June night. He came alive to me, delivered suddenly from the womb of his purposeless splendour.LINKS TO GATSBY CHARACTERISATION Contradictions of possible criminal businessman to lovesick person desperately trying to secure the woman of his dreams.

  • STRUCTURE/STYLEHes a bootlegger, said the young ladies ... One time he killed a man who had found out that he was a nephew to Von Hindenburg and second cousin to the devil.Again the mystery surrounding Gatsby is emphasised from the very beginning of the chapter.

  • STRUCTURE/STYLEDISCUSSION: The following words come directly after the quote above. What does it add to the themes of the novel so far.Reach me a rose, honey, and pour me a last drop into that there crystal glass.

  • STRUCTURE/STYLEFitzgerald listed the guests in order to give the impression of the nations wealthiest people.This reminds the reader again of Gatsbys wealth.This reminder of Gatsbys wealth is continued in gorgeous car. This suggests to the reader opulence.

  • STRUCTURE/STYLEpeculiarly AmericanThis comment is in direct contrast with Old sport which is very typically English. This again adds a mystery to Gatsby.DISCUSSION: In what way does this add to the sense of manufacture about Gatsby? Is there any other indications of this in the novel.

  • STRUCTURE/STYLEThey shook hands briefly, and a strained, unfamiliar look of embarrassment came over Gatsbys face.Foreshadowing this adds to the mystery. The reader questions why he is embarrassed.Soon find out that this incident foreshadows the revelation we are about to hear.

  • SYMBOLISMIt was a rich cream colour, bright with nickel, swollen here and there in its monstrous length...triumphant hat boxes...terraced with a labyrinth of wind-shields that mirrored a dozen suns...sort of green leather conservatory.DISSCUSSION: Identify words/phrases that connote wealth and size.

  • SYMBOLISMThe use of green leather conservatory is using terms we normally associate with a houseThis further suggests the size of the car and Gatsbys wealth is his car worth more (bigger than) some peoples houses?

  • SYMBOLISMThen it was not merely the stars to which he had aspired on that June night.The green light at the end of Daisys dock. Gatsby reached out to it in chapter 1. This symbolises him reaching out for Daisy. Represents his love for DaisyDISCUSSION: What is suggested by the word aspire?

  • STRUCTURE/SYMBOLISMJordan and Nick Her wan, scornful mouth smiled, and so I drew her up again closer, this time to my face.This gives the reader an interesting contrast of someone who is actually physically there for Nick Contrasted with Gatsbys elevated passion for an idealised and distant object of desire.

  • SETTINGThen the valley of the ashes opened out on both sides of us, and I had a glimpse of Mrs Wilson straining at the garage pump with panting vitality as we went by.This reminds us of the gulf between rich and poor the contrast of Gatsbys opulent car and the desolate valley of the ashes.

  • SETTINGDISCUSSION: Look at the underlined section what does this add to our initial impressions of Myrtle.

  • SETTING - New YorkSeems bright and full of possibilitiesOver the great bridgeIn its first wild promise of all the mystery and the beauty of the worldAnything can happen now that weve slid over this bridgeanything at allEven Gatsby could happen, without any particular wonder