THE CARRIAGE BY SEA OF VEGETABLE OILS. HOW TO IMPROVE the carriage by sea of vegetable oils. how to

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Transcript of THE CARRIAGE BY SEA OF VEGETABLE OILS. HOW TO IMPROVE the carriage by sea of vegetable oils. how to

  • THE CARRIAGE BY SEA OF VEGETABLE OILS.

    HOW TO IMPROVE THE SAFEGUARD OF HUMAN HEALTH, THE QUALITY

    OF THE OILS AND MINIMIZE LOSSES

    9/24/2012 1

  • THE MAIN OBJECTIVES OF THIS SPEECH

    1) A brief introduction on the rise of the world demand for Vegoil, both from the food industry and from the fuel industry side: the reasons for that and the economical /environmental consequences;

    2) The International rules for the safe carriage of Vegoil intended for the human consumption;

    3) The importance of a proper inspection of the condition of the cargo and of the ship at the load port;

    4) The effects of a cargo contamination by water and/or by heavy metals and/or by other noxious substances;

    5) The consequences of contaminations by noxious materials to Vegoils intended for the fuel industry;

    6) The collateral effects provoked by the presence of pirates in the Indian Ocean.

    9/24/2012 2

  • MAIN REASONS FOR THE INCREASING IN THE WORLDWIDE CONSUMPTION OF VEGOILS

    • The raising consciousness of the positive effects for the human

    health deriving from the consumption of Vegetable Oils other than Animal Fats;

    • The rapid improvement of the way of living in countries like China and India with the consequent access to the consumption of Vegetable Oils by hundreds of millions of persons;

    • The development of the biofuels markets, especially in the US and in the EU.

    9/24/2012 3

  • Figure 1

    9/24/2012 4

  • Figure 2

    9/24/2012 5

  • Main routes for Vegoil trading

    9/24/2012 6

  • INTERNATIONAL RULES FOR SAFE CARRIAGE OF VEGOIL INTENDED FOR THE HUMAN CONSUPTION

    • NIOP and FOSFA

    • The compatibility between the previous cargoes carried by the ship and the incoming cargo of edible oil;

    • The "materials" used for the carriage and/or the storage and their compatibility with the edible oils.

    9/24/2012 7

  • MATERIALS IN CONTACT WITH CARGO DURING THE CARRIAGE BY SEA

    • Bare Mild Steel

    • Epoxy Coating

    • Stainless Steel

    9/24/2012 8

  • THE IMPORTANCE OF A PROPER INSPECTION OF THE CONDITION OF THE CARGO AT THE LOAD PORT

    • The Free Fatty Acid Content

    • The Iodine Value

    • The Moisture Content

    • The Impurities and the Non-Volatile Matters Content

    9/24/2012 9

  • TANK CLEANING

    • Washing with fresh water

    • Draining

    • Mopping

    9/24/2012 10

  • EFFECTS OF CONTAMINATION BY WATER AND HEAVY METALS

    • Excess water contents produce increase of Acidity

    • Contact with heavy metals may turn in the release of toxic elements

    • Residues of toxic elements and/or noxious previous cargoes can destroy a cargo of Vegoil

    9/24/2012 11

  • VEGOIL USED FOR PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICITY AND BIOFUELS

    • Palm Oil can be burnt for direct production of electricity

    • The presence of noxious components can damage the environment

    • Several tests must be performed before allowing the burning of Palm Oil

    • Noxious/contaminant agents can interfere with the reaction for the production of Biodiesel

    9/24/2012 12

  • PIRACY – COLLATERAL EFFECTS

    • Prolonged stay on board the ships can damage the cargo

    • The re-heating must be done with care for avoiding further damages

    • Alternative, longest routes are followed for avoiding the areas where the pirates operate

    9/24/2012 13