The Buried Treasures of Pompeii - Clow Elementary · PDF file The Buried Treasures of Pompeii...

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Transcript of The Buried Treasures of Pompeii - Clow Elementary · PDF file The Buried Treasures of Pompeii...

  • The Buried

    Treasures

    of Pompeii

  • Pompeii and the Roman Empire

    Pompeii was part of the

    Roman Empire. Ancient

    Rome was a powerful

    and important civilization

    that ruled much of

    Europe for nearly 1,000

    years. Rome's culture

    still has an impact in the

    Western world today.

    The basis for much of

    western culture comes

    from Ancient Rome,

    especially in areas such

    as government,

    engineering,

    architecture, language,

    and literature.

    http://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_rome.php

  • History of Pompeii

    • Pompeii was an ancient Roman city, buried when Mt. Vesuvius erupted in the year 78 AD.

    • 2000 years later, archaeologists uncovered the city which was buried under 20 feet of rock and ashes.

    • When archaeologists dug out the city, they learned a great deal from the ruins because it had been so well preserved.

    (www. http://rome.mrdonn.org/pompeii.html)

  • This is an artist’s rendition of what Pompeii may have looked like in all

    its glory.

  • To See a Representation of this Kind of Volcanic Eruption, click on the following website:

    http://www.harcourts chool.com/activity/po mpeii/pmpErup.html

  • Archaeologists have worked for a long time to unearth the Ancient City of Pompeii. This is what the ruins of Pompeii with Mt. Vesuvius in the

    background look like today.

    There have been many interesting and important discoveries made in Pompeii which have given us clues to how these people lived.

  • Street with Crossing Steps

  • Steam Bath at the Forum

  • Public Fountain

  • Statue of a Woman

  • Some of the most important discoveries have come in the area of “ART!” Archaeologists have found hundreds of “FRESCOES” in the homes of the wealthy people of Pompeii—some of the earliest “interior decorating and design” anywhere in the world! Thanks to historians we have descriptions of the technique of the fresco. Frescoes are paintings that are mixed with plaster so that they actually become part of the wall! This is how the process works: •Step 1: 1-3 coats of a mixture of sand and lime (mortar) were applied to a wall. •Step 2: 1-3 coats of more lime, this time mixed with finely powdered marble, were applied to create a mirror- like sheen on the surface. •Step 3: Sheets of lead were inserted into the wall to prevent capillary action that would allow moisture to damage the pigment. •Step 4: While the lime-marble powder mix was still wet, pigments were applied to the fresh (or fresco) surface. Primary colors were applied first by making light incisions on the fresh plaster surface. Softer, pastel colors were applied when the plaster was dry.

    http://www.metmuseum.org/

  • Mosaic of Street

    Musicians

  • Fresco at the Marketplace

  • This Fresco decorated the walls of a garden. What do you notice about this fresco?

    What colors do you see? Would you want something like this in your home? What

    kinds of animals and flowers are represented? Any other observations?

    Garden Room Fresco at the Villa

    of Livia

  • Suggested Art Project: Design Your Own Fresco!!

    Supplies Needed: E-Z Form Plaster Cloth Wrap ($3.99/Hobby Lobby), Pre-cut into

    4”X6” rectangles—one for each child

    Newspaper or Table cloths to go under art project—will get messy!

    Paper Plates for Drying

    Paint Brushes

    Tempera or Watercolor Paints

    Large Bowls for Water

    Paper Towels

    Have the children imagine they are ancient Roman citizens and are decorating the

    walls of their homes. Give each child a 4X6 piece of dampened E-Z Form Plaster

    Cloth. Using the back end of their paint brush have them lightly “carve” (slight

    impression/indentation) a design into the plaster. Then, they can use paints to

    decorate their fresco. The frescoes should dry by the end of the day so the

    children can take them home.