The Arab Spring IAFS 1000. Outline Tunisian Trigger Misconception re Status Quo Ante Spread of Arab...

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Transcript of The Arab Spring IAFS 1000. Outline Tunisian Trigger Misconception re Status Quo Ante Spread of Arab...

  • Slide 1
  • The Arab Spring IAFS 1000
  • Slide 2
  • Outline Tunisian Trigger Misconception re Status Quo Ante Spread of Arab Spring Role of Social Media Implications for Syria Conclusions
  • Slide 3
  • Origins 17 Dec 2010: Mohammed Bouazizi, Tunisian fruit-seller, self-immolated to protest abuse Protests spread throughout Tunisia 14 Jan 2011: President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali forced into exile
  • Slide 4
  • Tunisian Themes Focus on economic issues Mass uprisings spontaneous Young people central to protests Uprising successful in driving Ben Ali from office
  • Slide 5
  • Misconceptions about Pre-Rising Status Quo Autocrats tight control of military > varied widely from state to state Autocrats ability to use oil money to buy off disgruntled citizens > yes, except in Libya Weakness of Pan-Arabism > leaderless revolts won broad Arab following
  • Slide 6
  • Repercussions (as of July 2012)
  • Slide 7
  • Spread of Unrest Egypt (Jan-Feb 2011): Mubarak handed power to military Muhammad Morsi (Muslim Bros) to power Yemen (Feb 2011-ongoing): Saleh handed power over to crony VP al-Hadi Bahrain (Feb 2011-ongoing): protests put down by Saudi forces
  • Slide 8
  • Spread of Unrest Libya (Feb-Oct 2011): Gaddafi killed Jul 2012: parliamentary elections Syria (Mar 2011-ongoing): military response from government Jul 2011: emergence of Free Syrian Army (FSA) ~ Nov 2011: civil war
  • Slide 9
  • Role of Social Media Calls to protest on Facebook Social media a primary news source Egyptian efforts to limit internet backfired Wael Ghonim (Google): We Are All Khalid Said
  • Slide 10
  • Social Media Young Egyptians post videos of events in Tahrir Square, 7 Feb 2011) http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2011/12/25/sunday-review/25YIP_ARABSPRING-4.html
  • Slide 11
  • Social Media http://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2011-07/how-pentagon-program-and- hacker-assisted-revolution
  • Slide 12
  • Social Media Images: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPT
  • Slide 13
  • http://npgportraits.si.edu/ Appropriating Well Known Images Images: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPT
  • Slide 14
  • Social Media We are all Khalid Said
  • Slide 15
  • Social Media Images: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPT
  • Slide 16
  • Social Media http://www.buzzfeed.com/mjs538/translated-egyptian-protest-signs
  • Slide 17
  • Antigovernment protesters in Bahrains Pearl Square Feb. 20. Social Media http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2011/12/25/sunday-review/25YIP_ARABSPRING-8.html
  • Slide 18
  • Occupy Yemen
  • Slide 19
  • Occupy Bahrain
  • Slide 20
  • Social Media Challenges Anonymity Gay Girl in Damascus hoax Social media dominated by US private companies Result of clash of business or national interests?
  • Slide 21
  • Arab Springs Impact on Syria Military conflict Entire country disintegrating Assads Alawite regime supported by China, Russia, and especially Iran > hope to preserve Shiite Crescent? new-middle-east.blogspot.com/2012/03/making-sense-of-arab-spring-7-syria-and.html
  • Slide 22
  • Arab Springs Impact on Syria Assad opposed by US, Saudi Arabia Possible proxy war? Syria at heart of multiple conflicts: Arab-Israel Saudi-Iran US-Russia Hezbolah-Israel
  • Slide 23
  • Conclusions Complicated events, varying results Arab Spring not over yet, esp. in Syria US relations with new Islamist governments? Haytham Bahoora: watch for ongoing conflicts to be coopted by a range of interests for their own purposes