The Arab Spring

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The Arab Spring. IAFS 1000. Outline. Tunisian Trigger Misconception re Status Quo Ante Spread of Arab Spring Role of Social Media Implications for Syria Conclusions. Origins. 17 Dec 2010: Mohammed Bouazizi , Tunisian fruit-seller, self-immolated to protest abuse - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Arab Spring

The Arab SpringIAFS 1000OutlineTunisian TriggerMisconception re Status Quo AnteSpread of Arab SpringRole of Social MediaImplications for SyriaConclusionsOrigins17 Dec 2010: Mohammed Bouazizi, Tunisian fruit-seller, self-immolated to protest abuseProtests spread throughout Tunisia14 Jan 2011: President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali forced into exileTunisian ThemesFocus on economic issuesMass uprisings spontaneousYoung people central to protestsUprising successful in driving Ben Ali from officeMisconceptions aboutPre-Rising Status QuoAutocrats tight control of military> varied widely from state to stateAutocrats ability to use oil money to buy off disgruntled citizens> yes, except in LibyaWeakness of Pan-Arabism> leaderless revolts won broad Arab followingRepercussions (as of July 2012)Spread of UnrestEgypt (Jan-Feb 2011): Mubarak handed power to militaryMuhammad Morsi (Muslim Bros) to powerYemen (Feb 2011-ongoing): Saleh handed power over to crony VP al-HadiBahrain (Feb 2011-ongoing): protests put down by Saudi forcesSpread of UnrestLibya (Feb-Oct 2011): Gaddafi killedJul 2012: parliamentary electionsSyria (Mar 2011-ongoing): military response from governmentJul 2011: emergence of Free Syrian Army (FSA)~ Nov 2011: civil warRole of Social MediaCalls to protest on FacebookSocial media a primary news sourceEgyptian efforts to limit internet backfiredWael Ghonim (Google): We Are AllKhalid Said

Social MediaYoung Egyptians post videos of events in Tahrir Square, 7 Feb 2011)http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2011/12/25/sunday-review/25YIP_ARABSPRING-4.htmlUsing social media to get protests started, to bring them to intl attention, and to record events for posterity10Social Mediahttp://www.popsci.com/technology/article/2011-07/how-pentagon-program-and-hacker-assisted-revolution--use of facebook symbol--Multiple langs: Young people! Join, Join. Today Tahrir, 11Social MediaImages: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPTImages: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPT--global symbols--English lang and phrases from Western lit (Virginia Woolf)12http://npgportraits.si.edu/Appropriating Well Known ImagesImages: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPTMubarak Image: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPT--adapting globally recognized images--images combine with slogans

13SocialMediaWe are all Khalid SaidWe are all Khalid Said14Social MediaImages: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPTImages: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPT15Social Mediahttp://www.buzzfeed.com/mjs538/translated-egyptian-protest-signsThank you . . . Egyptian people . . . Facebook16

Antigovernment protesters in Bahrains Pearl Square Feb. 20.Social Mediahttp://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2011/12/25/sunday-review/25YIP_ARABSPRING-8.html--constant access to technology via smartphone17

Occupy YemenImages: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPTOccupy Yemen18Occupy BahrainImages: Mandy Terc, The Arab Spring and Social Media Research 10 Mar 2012 PPT19Social Media ChallengesAnonymity Gay Girl in Damascus hoaxSocial media dominated by US private companiesResult of clash of business or national interests?Arab Springs Impact on SyriaMilitary conflictEntire country disintegratingAssads Alawite regime supported by China, Russia, and especially Iran> hope to preserve Shiite Crescent?new-middle-east.blogspot.com/2012/03/making-sense-of-arab-spring-7-syria-and.htmlArab Springs Impact on SyriaAssad opposed by US, Saudi ArabiaPossible proxy war?Syria at heart of multiple conflicts:Arab-IsraelSaudi-IranUS-RussiaHezbolah-IsraelConclusionsComplicated events, varying resultsArab Spring not over yet, esp. in SyriaUS relations with new Islamist governments?Haytham Bahoora: watch for ongoing conflicts to be coopted by a range of interests for their own purposes