Telling Your Story Through Video Telling Your Story Through Video

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Telling Your Story Through Video Telling Your Story Through Video Slide 2 Goals of Todays Session: n To examine techniques for recording the best video and audio content possible for use in your productions n To examine a basic equipment setup n To look at the connections between video production techniques and the core content especially in the area of literacy Slide 3 The First Rule of Video Production No matter how good your equipment, editing, and graphics Garbage In! Garbage Out! It takes quality audio/video to make a good production! Slide 4 Safety First! Use a tripod and make sure it is stable Use a tripod and make sure it is stable Make sure camera is tight on tripod Make sure camera is tight on tripod Watch out for cables Watch out for cables Dont point camera at bright light like the sun for long periods Dont point camera at bright light like the sun for long periods Dont try and force tape, cables, or attachments into place Dont try and force tape, cables, or attachments into place Slide 5 Roles in Production Producer Oversees project, Producer Oversees project, Guides idea, works with director Guides idea, works with director Director - Guides actual production (calls the shots!) Director - Guides actual production (calls the shots!) Assistant Producer/Assistant Director- finds resources, gets copyright okays, sets schedules, arrange interviews, locations Assistant Producer/Assistant Director- finds resources, gets copyright okays, sets schedules, arrange interviews, locations Talent - On-camera host, anchor, or actor delivers lines, acts in character, follows directors cues Talent - On-camera host, anchor, or actor delivers lines, acts in character, follows directors cues Slide 6 Roles in Production Camera person - Operates camera, tells story visually as guided by director Camera person - Operates camera, tells story visually as guided by director Audio Engineer Records and manages sound Audio Engineer Records and manages sound Scriptwriter writes scripts & storyboards Scriptwriter writes scripts & storyboards Computer Generated Imaging (CGI) Designer- Creates text, still images, and animations for onscreen and web use. Computer Generated Imaging (CGI) Designer- Creates text, still images, and animations for onscreen and web use. Website Designer- Many programs have websites or are delivered as part of a website. Website Designer- Many programs have websites or are delivered as part of a website. Slide 7 Its All About the Audience Producers target specific audiences for various productions.Consider: Background Background Age/grade level Age/grade level Abilities Abilities Wants / needs Wants / needs Slide 8 What is your purpose? Think PIE! Persuade Persuade Inform/ teach Inform/ teach Entertain Entertain Slide 9 Pre-ProductionPre-Production Decide on target audience and purpose Decide on target audience and purpose Have all props and materials in place Have all props and materials in place Write outline/ scripts /storyboards Write outline/ scripts /storyboards Plan for graphics and special effects Plan for graphics and special effects Slide 10 ProductionProduction Scenes are rehearsed, performed by talent, and recorded. Scenes are rehearsed, performed by talent, and recorded. Supporting video (B-roll) is also shot to Supporting video (B-roll) is also shot to cover audio (the sound) and natural audio is captured. cover audio (the sound) and natural audio is captured. Video/audio clips are Video/audio clips are logged and labeled logged and labeled Slide 11 Camera Tips Use a tripod Use a tripod Place camera so greatest light is at camera persons back Place camera so greatest light is at camera persons back Use focus and white balance controls Use focus and white balance controls Practice camera moves (blocking) Practice camera moves (blocking) Frame shots and moves with purpose Frame shots and moves with purpose Slide 12 How To Frame A Shot (Subject Facing Camera) Subject can be centered Headroom Slide 13 How to Frame A Shot (Subject looking to one side) How to Frame A Shot (Subject looking to one side) Headroom Give lead or talking room Slide 14 How to Frame A Shot Using the Rule of Thirds How to Frame A Shot Using the Rule of Thirds Place most interesting part of subject where lines cross. Notice body and eyes lie along these lines instead of pictures center. 123 1 2 3 Slide 15 Telling Your Story With Shots Slide 16 Basic Shots Types Close-up (CU) Wide Shot (WS) Medium Shot (Med) Slide 17 Shot Purposes Close-up/Extreme CU shots- tell what characters look like, show emotions, point out details Close-up/Extreme CU shots- tell what characters look like, show emotions, point out details Medium shots- create comfortable talking distance; good for interviews Medium shots- create comfortable talking distance; good for interviews Wide Shots- Show setting or action. Wide Shots- Show setting or action. Point of View (POV) shot lets viewer Point of View (POV) shot lets viewer see through a characters eyes see through a characters eyes Slide 18 Dont do This! The witness Protection shot When shooting dont place your subject in front of a strong light like a window, lamp, mirror, etc. Slide 19 Camera Tips (continued) Vary shots Vary shots Dont overuse zoom Dont overuse zoom Be sure to lay down pre and post-roll Be sure to lay down pre and post-roll Correct roll-back (only on tape cameras) Correct roll-back (only on tape cameras) Slide 20 Using Angles Birds Eye (High angle) Birds Eye (High angle) shots make characters or objects look small or weak shots make characters or objects look small or weak Worms Eye (low angle) shots make characters look big or strong Worms Eye (low angle) shots make characters look big or strong Slide 21 ZOOMING!ZOOMING! Zoom Zooming out or in can be used to guide viewer through a scene but should not be overused to avoid viewer seasickness Zoom Zooming out or in can be used to guide viewer through a scene but should not be overused to avoid viewer seasickness Slide 22 Viewfinder Lens Assembly Auto Zoom Control Switch Wide Telephoto Inset Detail Auto/Manual Focus Controls W T Battery Compartment Power/ Record Controls Microphone Playback Controls Diagram of a Typical Camcorder Slide 23 Common Video Mistakes.. Too much headroom - bad framing Too much headroom - bad framing Subject in front of bright backlight Subject in front of bright backlight Shaky camera - no tripod Shaky camera - no tripod No shot variation - wide shot No shot variation - wide shot Insufficient planning - no script Insufficient planning - no script lack of pre and post roll lack of pre and post roll Slide 24 Audio Track Parts Talking Talking Sound effects Sound effects Music Music Natural sound Natural sound Slide 25 Audio Tips If possible use headphones to monitor sound If possible use headphones to monitor sound Select microphones based on project needs Select microphones based on project needs Place microphone right distance from source Place microphone right distance from source When using built-in microphone move closer and zoom out When using built-in microphone move closer and zoom out Listen for distracting background noises Listen for distracting background noises Slide 26 Common Audio Mistakes.. using only cam mike using only cam mike mike too far from sound source mike too far from sound source No sound check No sound check not monitoring audio not monitoring audio Speaking too fast or not clearly Speaking too fast or not clearly Slide 27 On-Air Tips for Talent n n Make sure ahead of time that you can read and properly pronounce words (especially peoples names) n n Wait for your cue before speaking n n Smile! (when appropriate) Slide 28 On-Air Tips for Talent n n When addressing audience, look into camera when speaking as much as possible. n n Hold referred to objects close to face when possible so it is easy to frame shot spokesmodel pose n n Speak clearly and slowly enough to be understood, projecting your voice toward the microphone Slide 29 Planning Your Production Two main ways of planning are scripts and storyboards Two main ways of planning are scripts and storyboards Scripts take many forms but should have a place for both audio (sound) and video (picture) Scripts take many forms but should have a place for both audio (sound) and video (picture) Storyboards are really comic strip versions of production where shots are drawn with the audio written as captions underneath Storyboards are really comic strip versions of production where shots are drawn with the audio written as captions underneath Slide 30 Script Writing Process n Research- Look not only for factual information but also sources for stills, video segments, audio sources etc. n Content Outline- The framework for the script. which contains all the information the script will have. It's easier to edit, cut, or add to later. The outline is laid out in the sequence of the script. n Treatment- written in story format (in commercial world the treatment is often used to sell the production before actual script is written) n 1 st, 2 nd, and final draft process Slide 31 Steps to a News Story 1.Research- this tells you whether you actually have a story 2.Focus Statement- Do people in school drink too much soda? 3.Brainstorm B-Roll 4.Shoot 5.Log footage 6A. Option- Re-shoot or shoot additional footage Slide 32 Steps to a News Story 6B. Option- Scrap the story (if you dont have it by now, there may not be one. This happens!) 7. Write the script for audio and video. This is where the focus statement is proven or disproved and where anchors lead is written 8. Edit 9. Enjoy the fruits of your labor! Taken by permission from Steve Galyon, Henry Co. High School Slide 33 Script Example Video Video EST. Shot -of school exterior Med. Shot- Student host pointing at building building WS. Shot Student walks through door door Med. 2 shot- Host and school director CU- Directors fac