Telecom Tower

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    MOHIT DHINGRA

    INTG. BBA+MBA(O&G )

    VIII SEM

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    The phenomenal growth in mobile subscribers inIndia over the last few years has created hugeopportunities for the telecom infrastructureindustry.

    Mobile Operators outsourcing Network relatedactivities-Huge Operating Expenditure.

    Some companies created their own captive towercompanies, a few others pooled the towers andformed joint ventures.

    In India even today operator owned towercompanies control more than 90% of the marketshare

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    The telecom tower companies in India are of3 types.

    Tower companies formed through jointventures like Indus tower which is a joint

    venture by Airtel, Vodafone and Idea. Tower companies formed though de-merger

    like Reliance Infratel which is a wholly ownedsubsidiary of Rcom.

    Independent tower companies (pure playoperators) like GTL etc

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    Tower company Tenancy ratio No of towers Indus 1.71x 100,000 Bharti

    Infratel 1.62x 30,000 WTTIL Quippo 1.84x 25,000

    Reliance Infratel 1.74x 48,000 BSNL / MTNL 1.07x 45,000 GTL Infra 1.17x 32,000 Others 1.47x 50,000 Total 1.55x 330,000

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    Wimax Equipments Switchings equipments

    Transmission Equipments

    Tower Equipments Operating Cables

    T&M instruments

    VSAT

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    Bharti Infratel has joined hands with the GSMAssociation (GSMA) to develop and promotegreen technologies in the telecom infrastructurespace, say news reports.

    As per the conditions of the agreement, bothcompanies will jointly convert 1,000 of BhartiInfratels towers into green sites.

    !dea Cellular has collaborated with Delta PowerSolutions to deployed fuel cell powered telecomtowers in Madhya Pradesh. This project entailspowering 30 of Idea Cellulars telecom towerswith green technology.

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    GREEN ACTIVE EQUIPMENT Significantreduction in power consumption of activeequipment from about 2.5kW to below 1kWper BTS 2. GREEN PASSIVE CONFIGURATIONS& EQUIPMENT

    Maximizing the buildup of outdoor cell siteswhich eliminate the need for air conditionerson sites, hence reducing the energy cost by20-25 %.

    Retro fitment solutions like DC-DG, FreeCooling Unit, Soft Start Inverter, and Fuelcatalyst to reduce energy cost.

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    GREEN SHARING Sharing of sites by multiple operatorsoptimized the energy cost significantly. Broadly speaking,2/3 operator sharing brings down the energy cost by20/30 percent for the respective operator. Indus believesthat its portfolio with higher tenancies helps theenvironment significantly.

    GREEN ENERGY SOURCES Indus is focused to bringrenewable energy sources like Solar, Wind, Fuel Cell,Natural Gas, Biomass and Geothermal to power telecomtowers.

    A project for deployment of 2500 sites has been initiated;

    out of which more than 500 sites have been alreadydeployed. Indus has also initiated trials on PNG (PipeNatural Gas) and LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) basedgenerator to substitute diesel as energy source.

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    Tower companies are shying away from solardeployment. As per the industry, spaceconstraints, operational challenges,maintenance, uptime, and capex are limiting

    the adoption of solar energy.

    First and foremost, ROI is a long pay backperiod, which varies from 3 years to 4 yearsat least and sometimes it could be even 7-10years.

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    Satellites and optical fibers, among othertechnologies, contribute significantly to theglobalization of telecommunications services.Standardization and interoperability of systems

    have become global issues, as havecompatibility of regulatory measures thatensure free trade in telecommunicationproducts and services.

    Because telecommunications are nowindispensable to socioeconomic activities,reliability and security of telecommunicationsservices have emerged as central issues..

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    In our information age, information retrievalis gaining in importance, while concerns aresurfacing about the integrity and authenticityof the information to be provided, as well as

    the protection of privacy.

    digital technology that integratestransmission, switching, processing, andretrieval of information providesopportunities to merge various service modesinto an integrated whole

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    THANK YOU!!!