Technologies supporting student writing
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- 1. Technologies that Support Student Writing Development Felicia Holcomb
- 2. Although there are many differences between the composition of online texts and print-based texts, both mediums allow students to follow the stages of the writing process (Anderson & Mims, 2014, p. 338).
- 3. What technologies can support students writing development, specifically, in each stage of the writing process? Certain technologies are more useful at specific stages of the writing process.
- 4. The Writing Process Stage 1 & 2: Gathering Information and Focusing Stage 3: Pre-Writing Stage 4: Drafting Stage 5: Revising Stage 6: Editing Stage 7: Publishing
- 5. Stages 1 & 2: Gathering Information and Focusing Google Bing Delicious Diigo KidRex Wordle KidsClick Ipl2 for Kids DuckDuckGo instaGrok Tagxedo In the first two steps of the writing process, students are finding information through research and reading. Students develop questions and seek information to help them answer these questions. Technology significantly supports these stages as online databases, search engines, videos, and communication tools support students in gathering information.
- 6. Delicious Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information A social bookmarking site - allows people to store, organize, search, and manage bookmarks of web pages (Network Solutions, 2015). https://delicious.com/
- 7. Diigo Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Social bookmarking site allows for direct annotation and highlighting of online resources https://www.diigo.com /
- 8. KidRex Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Search engine that appeals to young children and has easy navigation http://www.kidrex.org/
- 9. KidsClick Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Search engine for kids that assigns a reading level to each search result http://www.kidsclick.or g/
- 10. Ipl2 for Kids Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Librarian selected directory sorted by subject http://www.ipl.org/div/ kidspace/
- 11. DuckDuckGo Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Search engine that distinguishes itself from other search engines by not profiling its users (Dobler & Eagleton, 2015, p.131). https://duckduckgo.co m/
- 12. instaGrok Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Visual search tool that allows students to organize projects, search concepts, and build multimodal maps around them (Dobler & Eagleton, 2015, p.130). https://www.instagrok.co m/
- 13. Tagxedo Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Word relationship site similar to Wordle, but allows for creativity in formatting http://www.tagxedo.c om/
- 14. Wordle Stage 1 & 2: Gathering & Focusing Information Word relationship site that helps students identify the most important words of a text. http://www.wordle.net /
- 15. Stages 1 & 2: Gathering Information and Focusing Google Bing Delicious Diigo KidRex Wordle KidsClick Ipl2 for Kids DuckDuckGo instaGrok Tagxedo Conclusion: All of these mentioned technologies support students as they develop their question or topic of interest, and begin exploring and collecting the resources and information that exist online related to the project. These technologies make it easier for students to obtain credible and relevant information, as well as keep record of the resources encountered, and narrow down their projects focus.
- 16. Stage 3: Pre-Writing Inspiration MindManager TimeLiner Mind Meister Padlet Walls During pre-writing, students are preparing to write, which involves gathering major thoughts and ideas and developing an organizational blueprint. Numerous programs exist that allow students to create visuals and outlines.
- 17. Inspiration Stage 3: Pre-Writing Mind mapping and concept mapping program that allows users to create and adjust maps. http://www.inspiration. com/
- 18. MindManager Stage 3: Pre-Writing Mind mapping and concept mapping program that allows users to create and adjust maps. http://www.mindjet.co m/mindmanager/
- 19. SpiderScribe Stage 3: Pre-Writing Mind mapping and concept mapping program that allows users to create maps and upload images, calendars, and files. https://www.spiderscrib e.net/
- 20. TimeLiner Stage 3: Pre-Writing Creation of a timeline Use for papers with a chronological structure or that contains historic information http://www.tomsnyder. com/timelinerxe/
- 21. Mind Meister Stage 3: Pre-Writing Mind mapping and concept mapping program with Thinking Sessions where users can simultaneously develop a map (Hyatt, Gunnell, Roberts, & Smith, 2013, p.12). https://www.mindmeister. com/
- 22. Padlet Walls Stage 3: Pre-Writing Website that allows users to create, add to, and comment on walls. https://padlet.com /my/padlets
- 23. Stage 3: Pre-Writing Inspiration MindManager TimeLiner Mind Meister Padlet Walls Conclusion: These technologies increase students ability to create visual representations of concepts, ideas, and thoughts, as well as the ability to organize and outline a writing. These technologies engage students in a stage of the writing process that is typically overlooked despite its being essential to the creation of effective writing.
- 24. Stage 4: Drafting Google Doc Wikis Blogs BlogSpot, KidBlog, Blogger, Google Sites While there are numerous tools for the drafting process, such as Writers Block Bluster, Storyist, Writers Muse, Story Up, and Nanowriter, many of the tools are not free. These three tools offer a number of features that make them ideal as they lend themselves not only to the drafting stage, but also to the revising, editing, and publishing stage.
- 25. Google Doc Stage 4: Drafting Word processor that lets students create and format text documents, and collaborate with other people in real time (Johnson, 2014, p. 117). Accessible from multiple places, supports collaborative works, adjustable privacy settings, revision tracker https://www.google.com/docs/about/
- 26. Wikis Stage 4: Drafting Wikis are a web page composition system, a discussion medium, a repositoryand a tool for collaboration (Educause, 2005). www.wiki.com/
- 27. Blogs Blog Websites: o Blogger o Blog Meister o BlogSpot o Kidblog Stage 4: Drafting The use of blogging significantly supports vocabulary development, language use, improvements in narrative writing, persuasive writing, growth in audience awareness, and connection awareness (Anderson & Mims, 2014, p. 32).
- 28. Stage 4: Drafting Google Doc Wikis Blogs BlogSpot, KidBlog, Blogger, Google Sites Conclusion: Choosing an appropriate technology for the drafting process is important because this technology is likely to be used up to the publishing stage. Teachers and students should consider this when selecting the technology to use for the drafting stage.
- 29. Peer editing can be a useful way of building a positive attitude toward the revision stage of the writing process and fostering students interest in writing (Kratcoski, Cottrell, Killeen, Kruse, & Miller, 2007, p.53).
- 30. Stage 5: Revising Google Doc Wikis Blogs Screen recording software - CamStudio In the revision stage, students are looking to make changes to clarify their ideas and message. Re-sequencing, expanding, condensing, and consideration of the Six Traits of Writing takes place during this stage.
- 31. Google Doc Stage 5: Revising Google Doc allows students to easily read and comment on the writing of others. Writers then can take the specific comments and resolve them. Teachers can access student work at any time to see where students are in the writing process and the skills/strategies that need attention. https://www.google.com/docs/about/
- 32. Blogs & Wikis Stage 5: Revising Allow for continual changes and updating, as well as peer viewing. Students can see the progression of their own writing as they make revisions, comparing the current work to the initial work that was created.
- 33. Cam Studio Stage 5: Revising CamStudio is able to record all screen and audio activity on the computer and can create industry- standard AVI videos (Cam Studio, 2015). http://camstudio.org/ Options: Students provide feedback to peers using CamStudio Student records and reflects on their own revision process
- 34. Stage 5: Revising Google Doc Wikis Blogs Screen recording software - CamStudio Conclusion: Technologies that simply give students automated feedback are not as effective. Technology that is most effective for the revision process is the technology that allows for collaboration, feedback, and student reflection. Google Doc, blogs, Wikis, and screen capture software make the revision process more interactive as they take peer editing and teacher conferencing to a new level.
- 35. Stage 6: Editing Ginger Software Google Doc Wikis Blogs At this stage, attention is given to overall presentation including punctuation, capitalization, spelling, grammar, and syntax. At this stage, writers need to develop a system for analyzing their work with a critical eye in order to develop as a writer (Hyatt et al., 2013, p.4).
- 36. Ginger Software Stage 6: Editing Online program where students paste their writing and it is checked for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. http://www.gingersoftw are.com/
- 37. Stage 6: Editing Ginger Software Google Docs Wikis Blogs Conclusion: Tools that provide automated feedback to students for either revising or editing purposes create a sli