Technical Flights

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  • Technical Flights - The AIRBUS view February 2011Presented byCaptain Harry NELSON / Experimental Test Pilot Captain Jean-Michel ROY / Test Pilot

    Flight Safety Foundation Functional Check Flight SymposiumFSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • Why the concern with Technical Flights?February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage * Recent incidents and accidents

    We think we may be only seeing the tip of the iceberg

    Our experience with Customer Acceptance Flights

    Queries and questions from Customer Airlines

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • What we will cover todayFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *

    A common sense view on Check flightsPlanning and preparationExecution

    2. Crewing CompositionSelectionTraining

    3. Technical Flight Familiarisation Course

    Some thoughts on the way forward

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

    Page *

  • 1 Planning and PreparationFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Some practical things to think aboutAircraftAirfield ATC and AirspaceWeatherChecklistsCheck Schedules

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 Planning and Preparation Check SchedulesFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Options include a. A detailed check schedule for each type of check b. A master check schedule with deletes c. We offer an In Service Aircraft Test Manual (ISATM)

    Associate warnings and limits with check to be done Hard limits need clear DO NOT EXCEED warnings Avoid writing a check sequence over two pages Make them easy to handle. Not too big or detailed

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 Planning and Preparation Check SchedulesFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Production Aircraft Test Manual (PATM)

    Customer Acceptance Manual (CAM)

    In Service Aircraft Test Manual (ISATM )

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 Planning and Preparation Check SchedulesFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Production Aircraft Test Manual (PATM)

    Tests on new serial a/c after production

    The purpose of the PATM is to demonstrate that the aircraft:

    * conforms with the type and individual certificate to a Certificate of Airworthiness Standard* meets its specifications,* meets the standards of quality required for delivery

    Under EASA Airbus Production Organisation Approval (POA) , accepted as such by the FAA and most other authorities.

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 Planning and Preparation Check SchedulesFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Customer Acceptance Manual (CAM)

    The CAM is the compilation of check procedures agreed between Airbus and a Customer as part of the customer technical acceptance of a new aircraft. It is used to demonstrate technical compliance with a contract

    It covers both ground and flight checks but unlike the PATMit can be carried out in any order i.e. Flight before Ground Checks.

    It should not be used as an airworthiness demonstrationThere is no control over the weatherMixing the objective of the flight can create safety issueThere is a mixed background crew

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 Planning and Preparation Check SchedulesFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *In Service Aircraft Test Manual (ISATM)

    The ISATM is a manual containing the procedures for ground and flight tests to be performed by Airbus personnel on an in service aircraft (ex: after a working party or for an aircraft transfer between Airbus and another party)

    It must be performed in a specified order

    It is offered to Customers who request help, prior to a check flight, under letter of waiver as a PDF file, the intention being that they create their own check schedule from it, duly considering all the local issues.

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 ExecutionFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *There are many elements to master in a check sortie.

    Briefing Pre take off Take-off Switching CommunicationWorkload Different flight plans The day/night question Cabin systems More difficult check points

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 Execution More difficult check pointsFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Identify which check points carry more risk

    Pre flight, plan how to fly them and then stick to your plan

    Decide and brief break off points

    If things dont look right they are probably wrong so stop

    Take care with breaks in the sequence

    Dont be tempted to take a look at certification test points

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 1 Execution More difficult check pointsFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage * .. Remember the old ZEN wisdom of

    Never test the depth of the water with both feet at the same time

    Be failure minded and always consider your escape plan.. Which also leads us nicely to the other Zen wisdom of

    If at first you dont succeed, skydiving is not for you

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 2 Crewing - CompositionFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *A small technical crew group

    Leadership

    Crew composition:Technical Flight EngineerCabin specialists

    Have a strict no passengers policy

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 2 Crewing SelectionFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *

    KNOWLEDGE

    You can never have too much knowledge You should never stop learning You will never know it all

    Ive been here before it doesnt feel right a good nose a healthy fear

    Aircraft TheoryRoleSKILLSObservationInterpretationAnalysisCommunicationUse of ALL sensesAirmanship and Teamwork APTITUDE Approach Attitude Logical Creative Flexible PersistentConsistent Variable Asking Telling Learning Knowing Under confidence Right Over Confidence Manage these paradoxesEXPERIENCE Take care 10 = 10 or 1 Better risk evaluation Better Prioritisation of task Less errors To achieve the right balance Motor skillsINTEGRITY

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 2 Selection Summary February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumEgotistical XQuestionable integrity XIndecisive X Uninterested technically XTakes criticism badly XAvoids responsibility XImpatient XInflexible XRisk prone XLoner XGood Communicator Technically inquisitive Determined to get answers Good flying ability Admits errors and learns Takes responsibility Patient Makes balanced judgmentsDefaults towards Safety Team player

    Take time on people selection. It is the key to achieving real safety in the checking process.

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • 2 Crewing - Training February 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *If you have good test trained personnel, use them in the technical checking role

    2. If you have experienced check or acceptance flight crew, review their real experience and currency in the task. Many are very good.

    If you have neither, then you should train people or obtain

    the services of trained people

    There are several short introductory courses available on the market, including the Airbus course called : Technical Flight Familiarization (TFF) Course

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • Purpose of the TFF courseFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Provide crew members with information on Knowledge, Skills and Attitude to better contribute to : Technical flights (post maintenance, painting, etc.) Acceptance flights (deliveries) Familiarization course:Attestation not a Rating

    Safety QualityEfficiency

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • TFF course: A bridge between AviatorsFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • TFF course: The instructorsFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *An experienced team:A Test Pilot, andA Flight Test EngineerUsed to work/fly togetherExperienced:Development flight testsProduction flight testsCustomer flights

    FSF Functional Check Flight Symposium

  • TFF course: The traineesFebruary 2011FSF Functional Check Flight SymposiumPage *Technical Flight Crew is a crew of 3:2 PilotsPrerequisites: rated and current on Aircraft type with at least 6 month experience 1 Technical Flight Engineer (TFE)Prerequisites:

    A third pilot, or A Flight Engineer who has followed a familiarization course on the type, or A Maintenance Engineer who has successfully followed the applicable maintenance type rating course as per Part 147 or equivalent, or A Flight Operations Engineer who has follow