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  • Teacher Notes

  • Forms of Poetry - Introduction • Throughout history, poets have written poetry in many

    different forms. Some of these forms are known as ‘fixed verse’ while others are known as ‘free verse’.

    • Fixed verse forms have a distinct structure. They may also have a distinct rhythm and rhyming pattern. When writing a poem in a fixed form, you must follow the pre-established rules for that particular type of poetry.

    • Let’s now examine some of the most common and well-known forms of poetry, as well as some of the guidelines to follow when writing each form.

  • Acrostic Purpose

    Acrostic poems describe a particular topic.

    Structure Acrostic poems contain a topic word, written vertically down the page. Each letter of the word begins a new description.

    Rhyming Pattern Acrostic poems do not usually rhyme.

  • Acrostic – The Witch Whizzing through the night sky In and out, she weaves through the clouds Tightly grasping her broomstick Casting her mystical spells Hiding in darkness

  • Acrostic – Analysis

    Whizzing through the night sky In and out, she weaves through the clouds Tightly grasping her broomstick Casting her mystical spells Hiding in darknessTopic

    Descriptions

  • Kennings Purpose

    Kennings poems describe a particular topic.

    Structure Kennings poems can have several verses. Each verse usually

    has three lines which contain two words describing the topic.

    Rhyming Pattern Kennings poems do not usually rhyme.

  • Kennings – The Spider Web-maker Insect-stalker Creepy-crawler

    Hairy-hider Skilful-climber Fear-inducer

  • Kennings – Analysis Web-maker Insect-stalker Creepy-crawler

    Hairy-hider Skilful-climber Fear-inducer

    Verses with three lines each

    Two descriptive words per line

  • Haiku Purpose

    Haiku poems describe a particular topic.

    Structure Haiku poems have three lines. The first and third lines have five

    syllables and the second line has seven syllables.

    Rhyming Pattern Haiku poems do not usually rhyme.

  • Haiku – The Rose Petals red as blood

    Fragrant perfume fills the air A delicate rose

  • Haiku – Analysis Petals red as blood

    Fragrant perfume fills the air A delicate rose

    seven syllables

    five syllables

    five syllables

  • Cinquain Purpose

    Cinquain poems describe a particular topic.

    Structure Cinquain poems have five lines. Each line uses descriptive

    words and phrases to create images of the topic.

    Rhyming Pattern Cinquain poems do not usually rhyme.

  • Cinquain - Snowflakes Snowflakes

    Graceful, intricate Floating, dancing, falling

    Perfect in their uniqueness Flawless

  • Cinquain – Analysis

    Snowflakes Graceful, intricate

    Floating, dancing, falling Perfect in their uniqueness

    Flawless

    Title

    Two descriptive words

    Three action words

    A feeling about the title

    A synonym for the title

  • Shape Poems Purpose

    Shape poems describe a particular object.

    Structure Shape poems are written in the shape of the object they

    describe. They have no other formal structure.

    Rhyming Pattern Shape poems do not usually rhyme.

  • Shape Poem - Raindrops A

    raindrop slips down

    my silent face. It falls so gently off my cheek.

    Now gone.

  • Shape Poem – Analysis A

    raindrop slips down

    my silent face. It falls so gently off my cheek.

    Now gone.

    Written to create the shape of a raindrop

  • Ode Purpose

    Odes express thoughts and feelings about a person or object.

    Structure Odes can have several lines, or several verses. Imagery, such as

    simile, metaphor and personification, is usually included.

    Rhyming Pattern Traditional odes have a distinct rhythm and rhyming pattern;

    yet modern odes do not tend to follow these rules.

  • Ode – To Chocolate Oh, chocolate! You are the sweetest of all treats, Texture as soft and smooth as silk, A ball of happiness on my tongue. My heart smiles with every taste, Feeding and warming my soul, Oh, how I adore you!

  • Ode – Analysis Oh, chocolate! You are the sweetest of all treats, Texture as soft and smooth as silk, A ball of happiness on my tongue. My heart smiles with every taste, Feeding and warming my soul, Oh, how I adore you!

    simile

    metaphor

    personification

  • Limerick Purpose

    Limericks are nonsense poems, meant to make people laugh.

    Structure Limericks have five lines. The first, second and fifth lines have the same number of syllables, as do the third and fourth lines.

    Rhyming Pattern Limericks have rhythm, created by the number of syllables in

    each line. They also follow an aabba rhyming pattern.

  • Limerick – The Old Lady From Rome

    There was an old lady from Rome, Who never could find her way home. She would walk down the street, Getting very sore feet, That silly old lady from Rome!

  • Limerick – Analysis

    There was an old lady from Rome, Who never could find her way home. She would walk down the street, Getting very sore feet, That silly old lady from Rome!

    The situation

    The character

    Plot development

    Summary

  • Ballad Purpose

    Ballads are narrative poems, intended to tell a story.

    Structure Ballads can have several verses. Each verse has four lines.

    Sometimes, verses may be repeated throughout the poem.

    Rhyming Pattern Ballads have rhythm, created by the number of syllables in

    each line. They usually follow an abcb rhyming pattern.

  • Ballad – The Park I went for a walk to the park one day, And what do you think I found? A busy bee stuck up in a tree, And a bee hive down on the ground!

    I bravely walked up to that bee hive, And what do you think I did? I poked that hive and it came alive, So I ran away and I hid!

  • Ballad – Analysis

    Verses with four lines in each

    I went for a walk to the park one day, And what do you think I found? A busy bee stuck up in a tree, And a bee hive down on the ground!

    I bravely walked up to that bee hive, And what do you think I did? I poked that hive and it came alive, So I ran away and I hid!

    Teacher Notes Slide Number 2 Slide Number 3 Forms of Poetry - Introduction Acrostic Acrostic – The Witch Acrostic – Analysis Kennings Kennings – The Spider Kennings – Analysis Haiku Haiku – The Rose Haiku – Analysis Cinquain Cinquain - Snowflakes Cinquain – Analysis Shape Poems Shape Poem - Raindrops Shape Poem – Analysis Ode Ode – To Chocolate Ode – Analysis Limerick Limerick – The Old Lady From Rome Limerick – Analysis Ballad Ballad – The Park Ballad – Analysis