TCI Perceptions of Tourism - Lehigh University jbg1/Perceptions-of- Belonger Perceptions

download TCI Perceptions of Tourism - Lehigh University jbg1/Perceptions-of-  Belonger Perceptions

of 124

  • date post

    16-May-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    2
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of TCI Perceptions of Tourism - Lehigh University jbg1/Perceptions-of- Belonger Perceptions

  • Belonger Perceptions of Tourism and Its Impacts

    in the Turks and Caicos Islands

    By

    John B. Gatewood, Ph.D. Catherine M. Cameron, Ph.D.

    Sociology and Anthropology Social Sciences

    Lehigh University Cedar Crest College

    Bethlehem, Pennsylvania Allentown, Pennsylvania

    August, 2009

    This report is intended for several audiences within the Turks and Caicos Islands: the Ministry of

    Tourism, the Tourist Board, the Department of Environment and Coastal Resources, the

    Department of Economic Planning and Statistics, and the citizens and residents of the country.

    The data reported here come from ethnographic interviews conducted during the summer of

    2006 and a questionnaire-survey administered during the summer of 2007.

  • ii

    Copyright © 2009

  • iii

    Table of Contents

    List of Tables .................................................................................................................................. v

    Acknowledgements ....................................................................................................................... vii

    Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................... ix

    Chapter 1 – Introduction ................................................................................................................. 1

    Rationale for the Study ............................................................................................................... 1

    Research Design.......................................................................................................................... 3

    Chapter 2 – Key Findings from the Ethnographic Interviews ........................................................ 5

    Purpose and Procedures .............................................................................................................. 5

    Some Generalizations from the Interviews ................................................................................. 6

    Chapter 3 – Survey Findings: Descriptive Statistics....................................................................... 9

    Characteristics of Respondents ................................................................................................... 9

    Demographic Profile ............................................................................................................... 9

    Behavioural and Psychographic Characteristics ................................................................... 10

    Perceived Financial Benefits from Tourism ......................................................................... 11

    Sources of Information ......................................................................................................... 12

    Thinking about Tourism and Encounters with Tourists ....................................................... 13

    Tourists and Tourist Attractions ............................................................................................... 14

    Belongers‟ Perceptions of Tourism .......................................................................................... 15

    Personal Characteristics of the Tourists ................................................................................ 16

    Pace of Change and Potential for Further Development ...................................................... 16

    Belongers‟ Attitudes about Tourism Work ........................................................................... 18

    Social and Cultural Impacts .................................................................................................. 19

    Environmental Impacts ......................................................................................................... 21

    Economic Impacts ................................................................................................................. 22

    Managing Development and Keeping Informed ................................................................... 23

    Items with the Strongest Opinions ........................................................................................ 24

    Quality of Life Comparisons .................................................................................................... 25

    Preferred Kinds of Tourism for Each Island ............................................................................. 26

    Chapter 4 – Composite Measures of Attitudes about Tourism ..................................................... 31

    Procedure for Constructing Additive Indices ........................................................................... 31

    Seven Specific Composite Measures ........................................................................................ 32

    General Pro-Tourism Index (GenInd) ................................................................................... 32

    Orientation to Tourism Work Index (WrkInd) ..................................................................... 33

    Heritage Optimism Index (HerInd) ....................................................................................... 34

    Social Impacts of Tourism Index (SocInd) ........................................................................... 35

  • iv

    Environmental Impacts of Tourism Index (EnvInd) ............................................................. 36

    Financial Impacts of Tourism Index (FinInd) ....................................................................... 37

    Characteristics of Tourists Index (ChrInd) ........................................................................... 38

    “Macro-Index” (MacroInd): A Second-Order Composite ........................................................ 40

    Summary ................................................................................................................................... 41

    Chapter 5 – Correlational Analyses .............................................................................................. 43

    The Independent Variables ....................................................................................................... 43

    Findings with respect to the Composite Attitudinal Indices ..................................................... 44

    Special Correlational Analyses ................................................................................................. 47

    Characteristics of Belongers Who Work in Tourism-related Fields ..................................... 47

    Altruism versus Self-Interest ................................................................................................ 49

    Summary ................................................................................................................................... 53

    Chapter 6 – Cultural Consensus .................................................................................................... 55

    Culture and Consensus .............................................................................................................. 55

    Consensus Analysis: A Brief Explanation ................................................................................ 56

    Findings from Consensus Analyses .......................................................................................... 58

    Correlates of the Two Factors from Consensus Analysis ......................................................... 61

    Sub-cultural Perspectives on Tourism ...................................................................................... 63

    Diversity in the Special Sample ............................................................................................ 63

    Profile-Matching Approach .................................................................................................. 68

    Thematic Indices Approach .................................................................................................. 72

    Summary ................................................................................................................................... 76

    Chapter 7 – Summary and Recommendations .............................................................................. 79

    Key Summarizing Points .......................................................................................................... 79

    Recommendations ..................................................................................................................... 83

    Sustainable Tourism.............................................................................................................. 83

    Suitable Tourism Products for Each Island .......................................................................... 83

    Belonger Participation in the New Tourism Economy ......................................................... 86

    A Final Recommendation ..................................................................................................... 87

    References Cited ........................................................................................................................... 89

    Appendix A: The Survey Form (in English) with Frequenci